[Cutler's History] KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

KATHRYN CONE produced this selection.

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas
was first published in 1883 by A. T. Andreas, Chicago, IL.

ATCHISON COUNTY.

PART 1: Location and Natural Features | Map and Population
PART 2: First Settlers
PART 3: The Border Ruffian Warfare
PART 4: A Circular | Political History | Statistics | Atchison County in the War
PART 5: Atchison
PART 6: Means of Communication
PART 7: Mail Service | The Schools of Atchison | The Press
PART 8: The Churches
PART 9: Colored Refugees | Public Works | Banks and Commercial Unions
PART 10: Manufactories | Hotels and Public Halls
PART 11: Societies | Cemeteries
PART 12: Biographical Sketches (Aiken-Bayley)
PART 13: Biographical Sketches (Bean-Burkhart)
PART 14: Biographical Sketches (Byram-Crookham)
PART 15: Biographical Sketches (Davey-Everest)
PART 16: Biographical Sketches (Fagan-Geros)
PART 17: Biographical Sketches (Glancy-Hinkel)
PART 18: Biographical Sketches (Hoenscheidt-Ivers)
PART 19: Biographical Sketches (Jackson-Kurth)
PART 20: Biographical Sketches (Lane-Marshall)
PART 21: Biographical Sketches (Martin-Myers)
PART 22: Biographical Sketches (Nance-Platt)
PART 23: Biographical Sketches (Poehler-Ryan)
PART 24: Biographical Sketches (Safford-Sinclair)
PART 25: Biographical Sketches (Smart-Symns)
PART 26: Biographical Sketches (Tabor-Wetzel)
PART 27: Biographical Sketches (Whitaker - Zibold)
PART 28: Mount Pleasant | Effingham
PART 29: Monrovia | Biographical Sketches - Benton Township (Achenbach - Hipple)
PART 30: Biographical Sketches - Benton Township (Keplinger - Wilson)
PART 31: Pardee | Other Towns | Biographical Sketches - Center Township (Achenbach - Donahue)
PART 32: Biographical Sketches - Center Township (Fletcher - Wheeler)
PART 33: Lancaster | Huron | Muscotah
PART 34: Biographical Sketches - Grasshopper Township (Adams - Fuller)
PART 35: Biographical Sketches - Grasshopper Township (Gooding - Osborn)
PART 36: Biographical Sketches - Grasshopper Township (Pate - Willard)
PART 37: Arrington | Oak Mills and Fort Williams
PART 38: Walnut Township | Shannon Township

LOCATION AND NATURAL FEATURES.

Atchison County is one of the extreme northeastern counties of Kansas, bordering on the Missouri River, being bounded north by Brown and Doniphan counties, west by Jackson and south by Leavenworth. It has area of 409 square miles or 271,360 acres.

The Delaware River furnishes excellent water power for mills at Muscotah and Arrington. Independence Creek in Shannon and Lancaster townships and Stranger Creek in Mount Pleasant township also possess natural powers, which have been improved to some extent.

Cottonwood, burr oak, walnut, hackberry, elm, maple, sycamore, ash, basswood and hickory skirt these streams, the timber being particularly abundant in Shannon and Walnut townships. Timber is also being successfully and quite extensively cultivated, cottonwood, maple and walnut being specially prolific. The general surface of the county is undulating, with bluffs along the Missouri River. Land is divided as follows: Bottom, 15 per cent; upland, 85; forest, 10; prairie, 90. The bottom lands are from one fourth to two miles in width.

The county is principally watered by the Stranger and Delaware rivers. The Stranger River takes its rise in the central portions of the county, flowing southeast and south toward the Kansas River. From Brown County comes the Delaware River, flowing in a generally southern direction, through the western sections. Independence Creek rises in the northern portion and cuts the northeastern corner of the county and empties into the Missouri. White Clay Creek, which passes through the City of Atchison, assist to water the eastern part. Little Delaware and Coal creeks, branches of the Delaware, also drain the western sections of the county. Good water is obtained at a depth of from twenty to thirty feet.

In the southwestern part of the county are the Arlington Mineral Springs, which are obtaining a reputation for medicinal qualities. The grounds have been improved and visitors flock to the springs from localities even outside of the county. The water is highly magnetic, and is rich in carbonic acid.

Valuable varieties of building stone are found in different parts of the county and in some localities, quite abundantly; Shannon township, in and around Atchison, is especially favored with good gray limestone. In Grasshopper township, near the bluffs bordering on the Delaware River, limestone abounds. Coal in small quantities has been mined near Muscotah, in this township. Good limestone is found in the southeastern corner of Center, the southern and eastern sections of Mount Pleasant and in Walnut townships. A yellow and blue variety is quarried in Mount Pleasant township, and is obtained in excellent shape for building purposes. On the Delaware River and vicinity, in Kapioma township, lime, sand and flagging stone are found, the latter being easily quarried. In a word, sandstone, white, blue and gray limestone abound throughout the county, especially the latter. Fire clay and mineral paint are believed to exist in quantity, in Lancaster township - also an inexhaustible quantity of pottery clay, in the southwest quarter of section twenty-three, range nineteen. From Grasshopper township has been obtained an excellent quality of hydraulic cement, made by grinding a blue shale which is found under the subsoil.

MAP OF ATCHISON COUNTY.

POPULATION.

=============================================================
                                            !  1880. !  1870.
-------------------------------------------------------------
Atchison City ............................. ! 15,105 !  7,054
 Ward 1 ..............................2,213 ! ...... !  .....
 Ward 2 ..............................3,518 ! ...... !  .....
 Ward 3 ..............................5,902 ! ...... !  .....
 Ward 4 ..............................3,472 ! ...... !  .....
Center Township ........................... !  2,444 !  1,605
Grasshopper Township, incl Muscotah City .. !  1,839 !  1,145
                         Muscotah City  412 ! ...... !  .....
Kapioma Township .......................... !  1,305 !    775
Lancaster Township ........................ !  1,321 !    909
Mount Pleasant Township ................... !  1,505 !  1,344
Shannon Township .......................... !  1,816 !  1,301
Walnut Township ........................... !  1,333 !  1,374
                                            ! ====== !  =====
                                            ! 27,080 ! 15,507
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