KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS


Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska

Nebraska as a State
Produced by Ted and Carole Miller.



Part 1:


Nebraska as a State | First State Officers
Congressional Representation
Legislative | Political | Removal of the Capital

Part 2:


Impeachment of Gov. Butler:   Article I | Article II | Article III
Article IV | Article V | Article VI | Article VII | Article VIII | Article IX
Article X | Article XI

Part 3:
Impeachment of Gov. Butler (cont.):   Answer
Part 4:
Constitution of 1871 | The James Regime | Proclamation
Part 5:
The James Regime(cont.) | Supplementary Resolutions
Part 6:


Constitution of 1875:
Preamble | Article I--Bill of Rights | Article II--Distribution of Powers
Article III--Legislative | Article IV--Legislative Apportionment

Part 7:







Constitution of 1875 (cont.):
Article V--Executive Department | Article VI--The Judicial Department
Article VII--Rights of Suffrage | Article VIII--Education
Article IX--Revenue and Finance | Article X--Counties
Article XI--Corporations:   Railroad Corporations
Municipal Corporations | Miscellaneous Corporations
Article XII--State, County and Municipal Indebtedness
Article XIII--Militia | Article XIV--Miscellaneous Provisions

Part 8:


Constitution of 1875 (cont.):
Article XV--Amendments | Article XVI--Schedule
Propositions Separately Submitted | Legislative and Political

Part 9:

Legislative and Political (cont.) | Popular Votes | State Roster
State Judiciary

Part 10:

Senatorial Succession | The Political Status of Nebraska
County Boundaries

Part 11:

The Population of Counties | Omaha in 1858
Per Cent of Increase in Population | Prof. Wilber's Address

Part 12:
Hon. J. M. Woolworth's Address | Public Lands
Part 13:
Educational Lands in Nebraska | Educational
Part 14:
Slavery in Nebraska
Part 15:
The Woman Suffrage Question


Part 9


LEGISLATIVE AND POLITICAL (cont).

   The State Republican Convention of 1880 nominated the following ticket: For Presidential Electors, G. W. Collins, of Pawnee; J. M. Thurston, of Douglas; James Laird, of Adams; For alternates, Silas Garber, of Webster; W. L. Wilson, of Otoe; C. F. Eiseley, of Dodge; for Congress, E. K. Valentine, of Cuming County; for Contingent Congressman, T. J. Majors, of Nemaha County; for Governor, Albinus Nance, of Polk County; for Lieutenant Governor, E. C. Carns, of Seward County; for Secretary of State, S. J. Alexander, of Thayer County; for Auditor of Public Accounts, John Wallichs, of Hall County; for Treasurer, G. M. Bartlett, of Lancaster County; for Attorney General, C. D. Dilworth, of Phelps County; for Commissioner of Public Lands and Buildings, A. G. Kendall, of Howard County; for Superintendent of Public Instruction, W. W. W. Jones, of Lancaster County.

   The convention passed the following resolutions:

   1. The Republicans of Nebraska most heartily indorse the profession of principles formulated by the National Republican Convention at Chicago, and pledge their unwavering support to the candidates there nominated.

   2. We affirm that the doctrine of national sovereignty, is the fundamental principle upon which the perpetuity of the nation rests, and that the principle of home rule as enunciated by the Democratic party is but the cautious expression of the Calhoun doctrine of State rights; is revolutionary in its character and destructive to the unity of the nation.

   3. We regard the recent seizure of the polls, and wholesale robbery of the franchises of the Republican citizens of Alabama by the Democratic party officials, surpassing in the magnitude and effrontery of the crime any former effort of that party under the Tweed plan in New York and the Mississippi plan in the South, as a fair specimen of Democratic methods, and a foretaste of Democratic dominance in national affairs, that should incite every honest man and tax-payer in the country to the most earnest endeavor to defeat the party of brigandage and fraud at the polls in November.

   4. We have considered "what Lee and Jackson would have done if they were alive," and have determined to employ our best energies in preventing the seizure of the National Government by their living comrades through the fraud of a "solid South."

   5. We congratulate the people of the State upon its rapid increase of population and wealth, and upon the good measure of prosperity that has rewarded their labor, and upon the rapid rebuilding of our material interests since the success of resumption and the revival of trade.

   6. We pledge our support to such legislation in Congress, and such measures by the State Legislature, as may be necessary to effect a correction of the abuses, and prevent extortion and discrimination in charges by railroad corporations.

   7. We most cordially invite the aid and co-operation, in this defense of the national integrity and the nation's purse, of all Republicans and war Democrats who have differed with us on temporary issues, or have clung to a party name honored by their forefathers, but dragged in the dust by the degenerate party leaders of to-day.

   The Democratic platform of 1880, adopted September 29, reads:

   The Democratic party of Nebraska assembled here in delegated convention, at Hastings, in Adams County, declare, on this 29th day of September, 1880, their entire confidence in the patriotism, judgment and executive ability of Gen. Winfield Scott Hancock, the nominee of the National Democratic party for President of the United States.

   They also proclaim their entire faith in the patriotism, the integrity and the fidelity to principles of William H. English, of Indiana, the candidate for Vice President of the United States, nominated by the National Convention at Cincinnati; and they hereby pledge to that ticket, and to the solid principles of free trade, or a tariff for revenue only, a sound currency and an economical administration of governmental affairs, their zealous, unflinching and untiring support.

   The Democracy of Nebraska further declare that, under Republican fundamental laws, under Republican statutory enactments, and under the administration of Republican officials, during its thirteen years of State existence, its people have been plundered, as to their public domain (which has been divided out ostensibly for the purpose of constructing railways, but really for enriching political favorites), to the extent of nearly all the five hundred thousand acres of internal improvement lands. And that taxes under a Republican constitution, which provided for them, and under special laws which made them collectable, have been levied upon the many for the purpose of constructing and giving railroads to the few. That the fundamental proposition that no citizen shall be deprived of his property without due process of law has been ignored and trampled under foot by the Republican system of subsidizing corporations and by imposition and collection of taxes from the people as a subsidizing sequence.

   Therefore, the Democrats of Nebraska protest against the further indorsement of private corporations, either at the expense of the public domain, or at a cost to the people's pockets, by the further issuing of county bonds, or other evidences of public debt.

   The Democrats demand an amendment to the State Constitution which shall forever prohibit the vesting, by gift from this State, of another acre of land in a private corporation, and which shall make it forever impossible to denote county or precinct bonds, or any other evidence of public debt to any corporation whatsoever.

   The prosperous commonwealth is that one which legislates the least as to the relations between labor and capital, which enacts the fewest laws of a regulatory character, most unfrequently invades the domain of political economy with statutes, and draws the least amount of annual taxes from its citizens.

   The Democracy of Nebraska contemplate, with infinite regret, the enormous burdens of debt which have, under Republican rule been piled up against many of the best and most populous, as well as against some of the poorest and most sparsely settled counties in the State.

   Many of these obligations, incurred for the purpose of inducing railroads, are undoubtedly legal and should be paid, and many of them are undoubtedly illegal and void. The former should be refunded, at a rate of interest not exceeding six per cent per annum, and the latter should be legally resisted in every county, precinct and town in the State.

   The Democrats adopt the homely adage "Pay as you go" for their motto in the management of precinct, village, city, county and State affairs, and declare absolutely against the increase of county or state indebtedness in any form whatsoever.

   They demand the calling in and liquidation of State bonds at the earliest possible moment and the reduction of the rate of interest thereon at once by refunding.

   And they are opposed to all appropriations for public buildings, or for any other purposes whatsoever, which are not absolutely and imperatively demanded in behalf of the welfare of the whole people.

   The Democrats denounce the extravagance which has characterized the Republican party in the construction of the former insane asylum. the penitentiary, the university and other public buildings in Nebraska, and demand a thorough and searching investigation by the next Legislature into all contracts heretofore made or now existing between the State and certain contractors and jobbers, who are known to have eaten up many hundreds of thousands of dollars of the people's money.

   In conclusion, the Democrats of the State of Nebraska solemnly promise that they will, as individuals and as a partisan organization, do everything within their power that is decent and honorable to reduce the public debts of the various counties and of the State as rapidly as possible.

   And that they will, individually and collectively, oppose the creation of any more debts and earnestly endeavor to lessen taxation and also to make taxation so that corporate capital shall have no advantage over that of the individual citizen, whether he be laborer, mechanic, farmer or merchant.

   Resolved, That we are in favor of such a change by the next Legislature of the existing revenue laws of the State that the property of corporations for all objects shall be subjected to taxation for county, city and school purposes the same its individual property.

   And to a discussion of the above propositions the Democratic party of Nebraska challenges each and every one who indorses Republican rule in Nebraska and is proud of its resultant taxes and debts upon the people.

POPULAR VOTES.

Popular vote for Congressmen:

1866--

T. M. Marquette

4,821

J. Sterling Morton

4,105

--8,926

1866--

John Taffe

4,820

Algernon S. Paddock

4,072

George Francis Train

30

--8,922

1868--

John Taffe

8,724

Andrew J. Poppleton

6,318

--15,042

1870--

John Taffe

12,375

George B. Lake

7,967

--20,342

1872--

Lorenzo Crounse

17,124

Jesse F. Warner

10,412

--27,536

1874--

Lorenzo Crounse

22,532

James W. Savage

8,386

James G. Miller

4,074

James W. Davis

972

--35,964

1876--

Frank Welch (Rep)

30,900

Joseph Holman (Dem)

17,206

M. Warren (Greenback)

3,579

Scattering

89

--51,774

1878--

E. K. Valentine (Rep.)

28,341

J. W. Davis (Dem. and Greenback)

21,752

Scattering

21

--50,247

1880--

E. K. Valentine (Rep)

52,647

James E. North (Dem)

23,634

Allen Root (Greenback)

4,059

Scattering

4,074

--84,414

Popular vote for Governor since first regular election, in 1866:

1866--

David Butler

4,093

J. Sterling Morton

3,948

-- 8,041

1868--

David Butler

8,576

J. R. Porter

6,349

--14,925

1870--

David Butler

11,126

John H. Croxton

8,648

--19,774

1872--

Robert W. Furnas

16,543

Henry C. Lett

11,227

--27,770

1874--

Silas Garber

21,568

Albert Tuxbury

8,046

J. F. Gardner

4,159

J. S. Church

1,346

--36,019

1876--

Silas Garber

31,947

Paren England

17,219

J. F. Gardner

3,022

Scattering

36

--52,234

1878--

Albinus Nance

29,469

W. H. Webster

13,473

Levi G. Todd

9,475

--52,417

1880--

Albinus Nance

55,237

T. W. Tipton

28,167

O. T. B. Williams

3,898

Scattering

43

-87,345

Summary of vote at election held November 2, 1880:

Governor:

Albinus Nance

55,237

T. W. Tipton

28,167

O. T. B. Williams

3,898

Scattering

43

--87,345

Congressman:

E. K. Valentine

52,647

James E. North

23,634

Allen Root

4,059

Scattering

4,074

--84,414

Contingent Congressman:

Thomas J. Majors

52,985

Scattering

62

--53,047

Lieutenant Governor:

Edmund C. Cams

53,521

T. J. Hamilton

27,025

Peter Lansing

3,890

Scattering

3,369

--85,805

Secretary of State:

S. J. Alexander

55,152

G. W. Johnson

28,267

B. F. Allen

3,807

Scattering

8

--87,234

Auditor Public Accounts:

John Wallichs

55,195

D. C. Patterson

28,247

James R. Carey

3,834

Scattering

82

--87,358

Treasurer:

G. M. Bartlett

54,895

Frank Folds.

28,587

A. V. Herman

3,794

Scattering

93

--87,369

Attorney General:

C. J. Dilworth

55,164

G. E. Pritchett

27,925

Marvin Warren

3,465

Scattering

522

--87,076

Commissioner Public Lands:

A. G. Kendall

55,009

E. H. Andrus

28,183

David Neale

2,749

Scattering

263

--86,204

Superintendent Public Instruction:

W. W. W. Jones

55,024

Alexander Bear

28,265

A. S. Von Mansfield

3,622

Scattering

176

--87,087

Choice for U. S. Senator (under constitutional provision):

A. S. Paddock

92

James Laird

169

E. S. Dundy

19

L. C. Pace

29

C. H. Van Hyck

4

A. Saunders

1

F. E. White

2

R. W. Furnas

1

A. J. Weaver

39

--356

Presidential Electors:

Republicans--

G. W. Collins

54,979

John M. Thurston

54,958

James Laird

54,964

Democrats--

James E. Boyd

28,523

Victor Vifquain

28,487

Beach I. Hinman

28,495

Greenback--

H. G. Cass

3,950

W. W. Conner

3,810

George Watkins

3,808


STATE ROSTER.

GOVERNORS.

David Butler *

February 21, 1867.

Robert W. Furnas

January 13, 1873.

Silas Garber

January 11, 1875.

Albinus Nance

January 9, 1879.

LIEUTENANT GOVERNORS.

Othman A. Abbott

January 4, 1877.

Edmund C. Carns

January 9, 1879.

SECRETARIES OF STATE.

Thomas P. Kennard

February 21, 1867.

William H. James Ý

January 10, 1871.

John J. Gosper

January 13, 1873.

Bruno Tzschuck

January 11, 1875.

S. J. Alexander

January 9, 1879.

AUDITORS.

John Gillespie

February 21, 1867

Jefferson B. Weston

January 13, 1873.

F. W. Liedtke

January 9, 1879.

John Wallichs.

November 12, 1880.

TREASURERS.

Augustus Kountze

February 21, 1867.

James Sweet

January 11, 1869.

Henry A. Koenig

January 10, 1871.

J. C. McBride

January 11, 1875.

George M. Bartlett

January 9, 1879.

LIBRARIANS.

Thomas P. Kennard

June 22, 1867.

William H. James

January 10, 1871.

Guy A. Brown

March 3, 1871.

ATTORNEY GENERALS.

Champion S. Chase

----- --, 1867.

Seth Robinson

----- --, 1869.

George H. Roberts

January 10, 1871.

J. R. Webster

January 13, 1873.

George H. Roberts

January 11, 1875.

C. J. Dilworth

January 9, 1879.



    *   Elected in 1866, but did not enter upon the duties of the office until the admission of the State into the Union, in February, 1867. Re-elected October 8, 1868. Re-elected October 13,1870. Succeeded June 2, 1871, by W. H James, Secretary of State, until the inauguration of Gov. Furnas.
    Ý   Acting Governor until January 13, 1873.



SUPERINTENDENTS OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. *

Seth W. Beals

----- --, 1869.

J. M. McKenzie

January 10, 1871.

S. R. Thompson

January 4, 1877.

W. W. W. Jones

January 6, 1881.

CONGRESSMEN.

John Taffe

October 9, 1866.

Lorenzo Crounse

October 8, 1872.

Frank Welch

November 7, 1876.

Thomas J. Majors

November 5, 1878.

E. K. Valentine

November 5, 1878.

COMMISSIONERS OF PUBLIC LANDS AND BUILDINGS. Ý

F. M. Davis

January 4, 1877.

A. G. Kendall

January 6, 1881.

STATE JUDICIARY.

CHIEF JUSTICES SUPREME COURT.

Oliver P. Mason ý

----- --, 1867.

George B. Lake

January 16,1873.

Daniel Gantt §

January 3, 1878.

Samuel Maxwell ¥

May 29, 1878.

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES AND JUDGES.

George B. Lake **

February 21, 1867.

Lorenzo Crounse

February 21, 1867.

Daniel Gantt

January 16, 1873.

Samuel Maxwell

January 16, 1873.

Amasa Cobb §§

May 29, 1878.

CLERKS OF THE SUPREME COURT.

George Armstrong

----- --, 1867.

Guy A, Brown

August 8, 1868.

REPORTERS OF THE SUPREME COURT.

J. M. Woolworth

1870.

Lorenzo Crounse

1873.

Guy A. Brown

1875.

UNITED STATES MARSHALS.

Casper E. Yost

----- --, 1867.

J. T. Hoile.

July 1, 1869.

William Daily

----- --, 1871.

Ellis Bierbower

----- --, 1880.

DISTRICT ATTORNEYS.

E. F. Gray

June 19, 1867.

E. Estabrook

June 19, 1867.

Isham Reavis

June 16, 1867.

O. B. Hewitt

October 13, 1868.

J. C. Cowin

October 13, 1868.

E. F. Gray

October 13, 1868.

A. J. Weaver

October 8, 1872.

W. J. Connell

October 8, 1872.

M. B. Hoxle

October 8, 1872.

C. J. Dilworth

October 13, 1874.

J. H. Broady

October 12, 1875.

J. W. Eller

October 12, 1875.

J. B. Barnes

October 12, 1875.

James P. Maule

November 7, 1876.

George S. Smith

November 7, 1876.

E. H. Buckingham

November 7, 1875.

M. B. Reese. ***

November 7, 1877.

C. J. Green

December 1, 1877.

J. C. Watson. ***

November 5, 1878.

A. N. Ferguson

November 5, 1878.

T. D. Scofield

November 5, 1878.

C. C. McNish ***

November 5, 1878.

W. H. Morris

November 2, 1880.

N. J. Burnham

November 2, 1880.

A. T. Ash

November 2, 1880.



   *     Office created by act February 15, 1869.
   Ý     Office created in 1875.
   ý     Appointed to fill vacancy
   §     Chief Justice under provisions of Constitution, Section 6, Art. VI. Died May 29, 1878.
   ¥     Chief Justice under provisions of Constitution, Sec. 6, Art. VI, Daniel Gantt having died May 29, 1878.
   **    Re-elected October 12, 1875. Re-elected November 6, 1877.
   §§    Appointed to fill vacancy. Elected Nov. 5, 1878. Re-elected November 4, 1879.
   ***   Re-elected November 2, 1880.


   In 1871, the State was divided into three Judicial Districts. The constitution of 1875 erected six districts, which are defined in that document in preceding pages. Following is a list of Judges by districts, since 1875: First District, Hon. A. T. Weaver; Second District, Hon. S. B. Pound; Third District, Hon. James W. Savage; Fourth District, Hon. George W. Post; Fifth District, E. K. Valentine; T. L. Griffey held this at first, but Valentine contested his right and the court decided against Griffey; William Gaslin, Jr., since 1877; Sixth District, William J. Gaslin, Jr., since 1875 to 1877; E. K. Valentine, 1877, to 1879; J. B. Barnes, since 1879.




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