KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS
The Prairie Traveler by Randolph Barnes Marcy, Captain, U.S.A.


ITINERARY XXIV.

XXIV.--Lieutenant BRYAN'S Route from the
Laramie Crossing of the South Platte to Fort Bridger, via Bridger's Pass.



 Miles.

          Laramie Crossing to
 14.      Bryan's Crossing.--Road runs on the south side of the
            Platte. Good grass and water.
 
 12.      First Crossing of Pole Creek.--Pole Creek is a rapid
            stream, sandy bed. 15 feet wide, and two feet deep.
            Good grass on the creek, and wood three miles off on
            the bluffs.
 
 37.      Second Crossing of Pole Creek.--Road runs along the
            creek. Good grass and good camps at any point. Good
            road.
 
 17 1/4.  Third Crossing of Pole Creek.--Good camp. Wood on the
            bluffs.
 
 20 1/2.  Fourth Crossing of Pole Creek.--Creek dry for three
            miles. Good grass.
 
 20 1/4.  Bluffs covered with dead pines.--Creek is crossed
            several times. Road runs over a rough, broken
            country. Good grass.
 
 14 1/2.  Road from Fort Laramie to New Mexico.--Road rather
            rough. The valley opens out into a wide plain. Plenty
            of grass.
 
 10 1/2.  On Pole Creek.--Good road; good camp.
 
 20.      On Pole Creek.--Road crosses several ravines, most of
            which can be avoided by keeping on the bluffs; the
            valley in narrow. Grass not very good.
 
 17 1/2.  Cheyenne Pass.--Road passes over a rolling country.
            Good grass; willows for fuel. Military post
            established here.
 
 14 1/2.  Summit of Black Hills.--Source of Pole Creek. Grass
            poor.
 
 10 1/4.  East Fork of Laramie River.--Good camp.
 16.      West Fork of Laramie River.--Good camp. Cherokee trail
            comes in here.
 
 14.      Cooper's Creek.--Wood and grass.
 
 10 1/2.  East Fork of Medicine Bow Creek.--Wood and grass as far
          as Pass Creek.
 
  2 1/2.  Small Creek.
 
  6.      Birch Creek.
 
  5 1/4.  West Fork of Medicine Bow Creek.
 
  2.      Flint's Creek.
 
  3.      Elm Creek.
 
  7.      Rattlesnake Creek.
 
  5.      Pass Creek.
 
 14 1/2.  North Fork of the Platte.--Good road over high prairie.
            Five miles before reaching the river the Cherokee
            trail turns to the left, and crosses three miles
            above. Good camps on the river.

  3 1/2.  First Crossing of Sage Creek.--Good road. Grass not
            plenty.
 
 10 1/2.  Second Crossing of Sage Creek.--Road runs through Sage
            Creek Valley; hilly, broken, and sterile country,
            covered with sage-brush. Grass not abundant. Cherokee
            trail leaves three miles back.

  4.      Third Corssing of Sage Creek.--Road continues through
            sage-brush. Grass gets better.
 
  3.      Fourth Crossing of Sage Creek.--Good grass, wood, and
            water.
 
  9.      Bridger's Pass.--Road runs over a hilly country,
            crossing several small branches, with a little grass
            upon their banks; country covered with sage.
 
  3 1/2.  Muddy Creek.--The valley of the "Muddy" is deep and
            narrow at first, and afterward opens out. The
            crossings of this creek were either bridged or paved
            by the troops in 1858. But little grass in this
            valley.
 
 20 1/2.  Near Muddy Creek.--Very little grass; poor camp.
 
 16 1/2.  Bridger's Fork of the Muddy Creek.--The road for
            thirteen miles runs over a rolling country, then over
            a rough, broken country, with deep ravines. No water
            in this fork in a dry season; small springs of
            brackish water near the crossing. Grass poor.
 
  4.      Small Spring.--Water bad; grass poor.
 
  2 1/2.  Small Spring.--In the bluff. Water bad; grass poor.
 
  1.      Haystack.--Clay butte. Spring in the dry bed of the
            creek. Bunch-grass.
 
  5 1/2.  Small Springs.--In bluffs on the right of the road.
            Grass poor and water bad.
 
  7 1/2.  Springs.--There is a fine spring at the foot of a steep
            hill on the south side of the road. Very little
            grass; rushes on the creek.
 
  3 1/2.  South Fork of Bitter Creek.--Good grass and water.
 
 14 3/4.  On Bitter Creek.--Country hilly, and intersected with
            deep ravines. South Fork is a find stream of good
            water.
 
 16.      Sulphur Springs.--Road very hilly, crossing many deep
            ravines. Grass and sage plenty.
 
  9.      Bitter Creek Crossing.--No grass at the crossing. Water
            bitter when the creek is down, but tolerable in high
            water. Road rough, with numerous ravines.
 
 18 1/2.  North Fork of Bitter Creek.--Cherokee trail enters near
            the crossing. Road good, but little grass except in
            spots. Sage for fuel.
 
  4.      Bluffs.--Springs of good water in the elevated bluffs
            on the right of the road in the cottonwood groves.
            Grass good and abundant at the base of the bluffs.
 
 11 3/4.  Green River.--Road is very rough and hilly, and winds
            along the valley of the creek. Good camp on the
            river, with plenty of wood and grass.
 
 15 3/4.  Crossing of Black's Fork.--Road runs up through Rabbit
            Hollow, which is steep and sandy; it then passes over
            rolling prairie to Black's Fork. Bunch-grass on the
            hills, and good camp at the crossing.
 
 11 1/4.  Fort Laramie Road.--Rolling country; good road through
            sage bushes. Good camps along the creek.
 
  5 3/4.  Ham's Fork.--Good camp on either side of the creek.
            United States bridge here; good road.
    3/4.  Black's Fork Crossing.--Good ford except in high water,
            when the right-hand road on the north bank of the
            creek is generally traveled.
 
 14 1/2.  Fourth Crossing of Black's Fork.--Good road; fine camp;
            plenty of wood, water, and grass.
 
  2 3/4.  Fifth Crossing of Black's Fork.--Good camp; good road.
 
  2 3/4.  Smith's Fork.--Good camp; good road.
 
 11 3/4.  Fort Bridger.--Good camp near; good road.
 
 Total distance from the Laramie Crossing of the South Platte to
Fort Bridger, 520 1/2 miles. By the Fort Laramie road the
distance is 569 miles.
 


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