The Prairie Traveler by Randolph Barnes Marcy, Captain, U.S.A.


XXIII.--From Fort Thorne, New Mexico, to Fort Yuma, California.

           (Distances in miles and hundredths of a mile.)


         Fort Thorne, N. M., to
 14.30.  Water Holes.--One mile west of hole in rock. Water
           uncertain; no wood.
  9.19.  Mule Creek.--Water at all seasons a little up the creek;
           wood plenty.
 12.00.  Cook's Spring.--Water sufficient for camping; mesquite
           bushes on the hills.
 19.50.  Rio Mimbres.--Water and wood abundant.
 16.30.  Ojo de la Vaca.--Water and wood. 
 12.00.  Spring.--Constant small streams two miles up the canon;
           water at the road uncertain.
 44.40.  Rancho.--Pond of brackish water one mile to the right,
           four miles before reaching here.
 13.90.  Rio St. Simon.--Constant water a few miles up, and
           mesquite wood.
 18.40.  Pass in the Mountains.--Water on the left about two
           miles after entering the Pass.
  6.40.  Arroya.--Wood one mile up' water uncertain; small stream
           crossing the road 1 1/2 miles from the last camp.
 26.30.  Nugent's Spring.--Large spring.--Excellent water one
           mile south, at Playa St. Domingo.
 17.20.  Canon.--To the left of the road. Water 1 1/2 miles up
           the canon, two miles from the road.
 17.00.  Rio San Pedro.--Water and wood abundant.
 16.30.  San Pedro.--Water abundant; wood distant.
 20.80.  Cienequilla.--Water and wood abundant.
  7.30.  Along Cienequilla.--Water and wood abundant; road rough.
 21.80.  Mission of San Xavier.--Large mesquite, and water plenty
           in Santa Cruz River.
  8.00.  Tucson.--Village on Santa Cruz River. Tucson is the last
           green spot on the Santa Cruz River. The best
           camping-ground is two miles beyond the village, where
           the valley widens, and good grass and water are
  7.20.  Mud Holes.--The road passes over arroyas, but is rather
 65.00.  Agua Hermal.--Road passes over a desert section, and is
           hard and level. Water is found in most seasons, except
           in early summer, in natural reservoirs on an isolated
           mountain about midway, called "Picapo;" poor water and
           tall, coarse grass at the mud-holes. Road here strikes
           the Rio Gila.
 15.10.  Los Pimos.--Road follows the river bottom. Lagoos of bad
           water near camp. Grass good; plenty of cottonwood and
 13.20.  Los Maricopas.--Road takes the river bottom, and passes
           through cultivated fields; soil and grass good. The
           Indian village is on a gravelly hill. The road is
 40.00.  El Tegotal.--The road leaves the river and crosses the
           desert. No water between this and the last camp at the
           Maricopas' village. Road is good. The calita abounds
           here, and the mules are fond of it.
 10.50.  Pega del Rio.--Road runs in the river bottom, and is
           level. Good grass.
 10.50.  Mal Pais.--Road continues near the river, but over low
           gravel-hills and through a short canon of deep sand.
  9.50.  Mil Flores.--Pass over a very steep precipice to an
           elevated plateau, thence over gravel-hills 4 1/2 miles
           to camp, where there is excellent grass and wood.
 13.70.  Santado.--Road keeps the river bottom until within four
           miles of camp, when it turns over the plateau. Good
 16.70.  Las Lonas.--Road follows the river bottom. Scattered
           bunch-grass on the hills.
 11.40.  Vegas.--Road follows along the river bottom. Grass poor.
 16.80.  Metate.--Road runs along at the foot of a rugged
           mountain. Excellent grass at the camp.
 14.70.  El Horral.--Road ascends to the plateau, which it
           follows for seven miles over a level country, then
           descends over gravelly hills to the river. Camp on the
           river bank near the desert. Wood plenty.
 20.80.  Los Algodones.--Road runs along at the foot of the hills
           or spurs of the desert; small rugged hills, vegetation
           dwarf mesquit, cacti, etc. Good grass at camp.
  7.40.  Fort Yuma, on the Rio Colorado.
 Total distance from Fort Thorne, N. M., to Fort Yuma, 571 miles.

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