The Prairie Traveler by Randolph Barnes Marcy, Captain, U.S.A.


XX.--Captain WHIPPLE'S Route
from Albuquerque, New Mexico, to San Pedro, California.

           (Distances in miles and hundredths of a mile)


         Albuquerque to
  0.88.  Atrisco.--Permanent running water.
 12.16.  Isleta.--Permanent running water.
 22.78.  Rio Puerco.--Water in holes.
 18.30.  Rio Rita.--Permanent running water.
 13.77.  Covera.--      "           "
 14.66.  Hay Camp.--    "           "
 17.71.  Sierra Madre.--No water.
  8.06.  Agua Frio.--Permanent running water.
 17.49.  Inscription Rock.--El Moro. Permanent springs.
 14.23.  Ojo del Pescado.--Permanent springs.
 11.74.  Zuni.--Permanent running water.
  8.83.  Arch Spring.--Permanent spring.
 10.77.  ...........--No water.
 19.69.  Jacob's Well.--Permanent water-hole.
  7.04.  Navajo Spring.--Permanent springs.
 12.13.  Willow Creek.--Rio de la Jara. Water in holes.
 10.87.  Rio Puerco of the West.--Water in holes.
 11.59.  Lithodendron Creek.--Permanent running water.
 11.99.  Colorado Chiquito.--     "          "
 14.42.        "           --     "          "
  8.63.        "           --     "          "
  4.94.        "           --     "          "

  1.35.        "           --     "          "
  4.90.        "           --     "          "
 10.99.        "           --     "          "
 15.88.        "           --     "          "
  4.44.        "           --     "          "
  1.51.        "           --     "          "
 29.72.  Colinino Caves.--Permanent water-holes.
 11.81.  Near San Francisco Spring.--No water; water 4 miles from
 10.46.  Leroux's Spring.--Permanent water.
  8.23.  ................--No water.
  6.17.  ................--No water.
  8.54.  New Year's Spring.--Permanent water.
  9.77.  Lava Creek.--Water in hole.
  9.89.  Cedar Creek.--Water in holes.
 13.26.  Partridge Creek.--Water in holes.
  3.89.      "           --      "
 13.52.      "           --      "
  0.87.  Picacho Creek.--        "
  7.45.  .................--No water.
  8.69.  Turkey Creek.--Permanent running water.
  5.71.  Pueblo Creek.--    "          "
  6.67.       "       --    "        water in holes.
  5.98.       "       --    "          "
  5.80.  Canon Creek.--     "          "
 12.16.        "      --    "          "
  0.30.        "      --Water in holes.
 11.29.        "      --    "
  9.64.  Cactus Pass.--Permanent running water.
  7.97.  White Cliff Creek.--Permanent running water.
 11.60.  Big Horn Springs.--Permanent spring.
 12.83.  Mouth of Canon Creek.--Permanent running water.
  9.21.  "Big Sandy" Creek.--       "       "
  4.35.  "Big Sandy" Creek.--Permanent running water.
  6.21.         "          --       "       "
  4.08.         "          --       "       "
  6.10.         "          --       "       "
  5.56.         "          --       "       "
  6.44.  Mouth of Big Sandy Creek.--Permanent running water as
           far as the Colorado River.
  6.52.  Rio Santa Maria.
  8.97.        "
  6.85.        "
  7.22.        "
  3.90.        "
  8.69.        " 
  4.33.  Mouth of the Rio Santa Maria.
  4.74.  On Colorado River.
  5.02.        "
  9.06.        "
 11.39.        "
 29.87.        "
  1.02.  Mojave Villages.
  9.46.  Crossing of the Colorado River.
  0.33.  On Colorado River.
  2.78.  On Colorado River.
 20.71.  .............--The road, on leaving the Colorado, runs
           up over a gravelly ridge to a barren niesa, and
           descends the bed of the Mojave 4 or 5 miles above its
           mouth, and at 9 1/2 miles it passes springs near the
           point where the road turns around the western base of
           a mountain. There is no water at the camp, but grass
           in an arroya.
  9.00.  Pai-Ute Creek.--This is a fine stream, with good water
           and grass.
 13.00.  Arroyo.--Grass and wood; water is found by digging. 
  7.00.  Fine Spring.--Good water and grass. The wagon-road
           passes around the hills, but an Indian trail leads
           through the ravine where the spring is.
 19.00.  Marl Spring.--This is a small but constant spring;
           excellent grass, and greasewood for fuel.
 30.00.  Lake.--The road follows a ridge for some distance, then
           descends to an arroyo, and in a few miles emerges into
           a sandy plain, where there is the dry bed of a lake,
           which is firm, and makes a smooth, good road. The camp
           is at some marshy pools of water. Good grass, and
           greasewood for fuel.
 12.00.  Mojave River.--Road passes through a valley of drifted
           sand, and at the camp strikes the river, which is here
           a beautiful stream of fresh water, 10 to 12 feet wide
           and a foot deep, with a hard, gravelly bottom. Grass
           in the hills near.
 13.00.  Mojave River.--The road ascends the river, the banks of
           which are covered with fine grass and mesquite wood.
           Good camps along here.
 20.00.  Mojave River.--The road leads up the river for a short
           distance, when it turns into an arroyo, and ascends to
           a low mesa, and continues along the border of a level
           prairie covered with fine bunch-grass. It then enters
           the river bottom again, which is here several miles
           wide, and well wooded. Grass good.
 20.00.  Mojave River.--Six miles from camp the road strikes the
           Mormon road, and crosses the stream near a Mormon
           camping-place. The trail runs along the river, which
           gets larger and has more timber on its banks as it is
           ascended. Good grass, wood, and water.
 22.00.  Mojave River.--A short distance from camp the valley
           contracts, but the road is good. It leaves the valley
           and crosses a gravelly ridge, but enters it again.
           Good grass, wood, and water.
 15.00.  Mojave River.--Road continues along the right bank of
           the river, in a southwest course, and crosses the
           river at camp. Good wood, water, and  grass.
 29.50.  Cajou Creek.--The road leaves the river at the crossing,
           and runs toward a break in the San Bernadino
           Mountains; it ascends a sharp hill and enters a cedar
           thicket; it then ascends to the summit of the Cajou
           Pass; thence over a spur of the mountains into an
           arroyo or creek in a ravine; thence along the dry
           channel of the Cajou Creek for two miles, where the
           water begins to run, from thence the road is rough to
  7.00.  Cajou Creek.--Road continues along the creek to camp,
           and is rough. Wood, water, and grass at camp.
 20.00.  Cocomouga's Ranch.--On a pretty stream of running water.
           The road runs for six miles down the Cajou Creek,
           along its steep and rocky bed. It is here a good-sized
           stream. Captain Whipple's road here leaves the San
           Bernadino road, and turns to the west along the base
           of the mountains toward Los Angeles; it then crosses a
           prairie and strikes the ranch of Cocomouga. Wood,
           water, and grass.      
 24.00.  Town of El Monte.--The road runs upon the northern
           border of a basin which is watered by many small
           streams, and is settled. The camp is on the pretty
           stream of San Gabriel, where there is a good
 14.25.  City of Los Angeles.--The road passes the Mission of San
           Gabriel, then enters a ravine among hills and broken
           ground; it then descends and crosses the river which
           waters the valley, and enters the city. There is a
           good camp upon the point of a ridge on the left bank
           of the river.

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