The Prairie Traveler by Randolph Barnes Marcy, Captain, U.S.A.


XIV.--Wagon-road from San Antonio, Texas,
to El Paso, N. M., and Fort Yuma, Cal.

           [Distances in miles and hundredths of a mile.]


         San Antonio to
  6.41.  Leona.
 18.12.  Castroville.
 11.00.  Hondo.
 14.28.  Rio Seco.
 12.50.  Sabinal.
 13.46.  Rio Frio.
 15.12.  Nueces.
 10.27.  Turkey Creek.
 15.33.  Elm Creek.-All good camps, with abundance of wood,
           water, and grass. Country mostly settled, and the road
           very good, except in wet weather, from San Antonio to
           Elm Creek.
  7.00.  Fort Clarke.-Good grass, wood, and water. Road level
           and good.
  7.00.  Piedra Pinta.-Good grass, wood, and water.
  8.86.  Maverick's Creek.-Good grass, wood, and water.
 12.61.  San Felipe.-Good grass, wood, and water.
 l0.22.  Devil's River.-First crossing. Good wood, water, and
 18.27.  California Springs.-Grass and water poor.
 18.39.  Devil's River.-Second crossing. Grass poor.
 19.50.  Devil's River.-Good camp. The only water between
         Devil's River and Live Oak Creek is at Howard's Springs.
         The road is very rough in places.
 44.00.  Howard's Springs.-Grass scarce; water plenty in
           winter; wood plenty.
 30.44.  Live Oak Creek.-Good water and grass. The road passes
           within 1 1/2 miles of Fort Lancaster.
  7.29.  Crossing of Pecos River.--Bad water and bad camp.
           The water of the Pecos can be used.
  5.47.  Las Moras.--Good water, grass, and wood. The road is
           rough on the Pecos.
 32.85.  Camp on the Pecos River.--Wood and grass scarce.
 16.26.  Escondido Creek.--At the crossing. Water good; little
           grass or wood.
  8.76.  Escondido Spring.--Grass and water good; little grass.
 19.40.  Comanche Creek.--Grass and water good; little grass.
  8.88.  Leon Springs.--Grass and water good; no wood.
 33.86.  Barela Spring.--Grass and water good; wood plenty.
 28.00.  Fort Davis.--Good camp. From Fort Davis to Eagle Springs
           there is an ascent, and one of the very best of roads.
 18.42.  Barrel Springs.--Water good; grass and wood fair.
 13.58.  Dead Man's Hole.--Good wood and water; grass scarce.
 32.83.  Van Horne's Wells.--No grass or wood, but they will be
           found two miles back.
 19.74.  Eagle Springs.--Grass and wood poor; water about half a
           mile from camp, in a narrow canon.
 32.03.  Mouth of Canon "de los Camenos."--The road is rather
           rough. From here to Fort Bliss, opposite El Paso, the
           road runs near the river, and camps may be made any
           where. The wood, water, and grass are good at all
 61.13.  San Eluzario.--Mexican town.
  9.25.  Socorro.--Mexican town.
 15.00.  Fort Bliss, at El Paso.--United States military post and
           Mexican town.
 Total distance from San Antonio to El Paso, 654.27 miles.
         El Paso to
 22.     Cottonwood.--From El Paso to Messilla Valley in the
           Gadsden Purchase, the road runs up the east bank of
           the Rio Grande to Fort Fillmore (N. M.), where it
           crosses the river into the Messilla Valley.
 22.     Fort Fillmore.
  6.     La Messilla.
 65.     Cook's Spring.--From Messilla Valley to Tucson the road
           is remarkably good, with good grass and water. The
           streams on this section are the Mimbres and San Pedro,
           both fordable, and crossed with little trouble. The
           Apache Indians are generally met with in this country.
           There is a flouring-mill two miles below El Paso,
           where flour can be purchased at very reasonable
 18.     Rio Mimbres.
 17.     Ojo la Vaca.
 10.     Ojo de Ynez.
 34.     Peloncilla.
 18.     San Domingo.
 23.     Apache Springs.
  9.     Cabesas Springs.
 26.     Dragon Springs.
 18.     Quercos Canon.--Bunch-grass will be found sufficient for
           traveling purposes along this section of the road
           between El Paso and Tucson.
  6.     San Pedro Crossing.
 20.     Cienega.
 13.     Cienega Creek.
 20.     Mission of San Xavier.
  8.     Tucson.--Total distance from El Paso to Tucson, 305
  5.     Pico Chico Mountain.
 35.     First Camp on Gila River.
 29.     Maricopa Wells.--The Maricopa Wells are at the western
           extremity of a fertile valley occupied by Pincos
           Indians, who cultivate corn and other grain.
 40.     Tezotal.--Across Jornada. There is but little grass
           here, but in the season the mesquite leaves are a good
 10.     Ten Mile Camp.
 15.     Oatman's Flat.--First crossing of the Gila River.
 25.     Second Crossing of the Gila.--The traveler can generally
           find sufficient grass in the hills along the valley of
           the Gila.
 32.     Peterman's Station.
 20.     Antelope Peak.
 24.     Little Corral.
 16.     Fort Yuma.
 The distance from El Paso to Fort Yuma is 644 miles.

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