William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


[TOC] [part 3] [part 1] [Cutler's History]


Although Harvey County was settled as early as 1869, the question of its being organized as a county was not agitated until the fall of 1871, when a Republican convention was called to nominate a county ticket for Sedgwick County, and this being a part of that county, delegates were elected to attend the said convention, to be held at Wichita. At this convention, the number of delegates from Newton, was cut down from seven to three, and being dissatisfied with this, the Newton delegates, followed by the Black Kettle and Grant township delegates, withdrew and nominated a separate ticket, which was partially elected. This increasing the feeling for the organization of a new county, a meeting was held at Newton, December 13, 1871, at the place of Muse & Spivey, for the purpose of effecting a distinct organization. Among those present were J. T. Davis, R. M. Spivey, L. E. Steele, C. S. Bowman, James Sprague, J. C. Johnson, D. Ainsworth and R. W. P. Muse. A plan was adopted to form a new county, to consist of sixteen congressional townships, ten to be taken from Sedgwick County, three from McPherson County and three from Marion County, with Newton as the county seat. According to this plan, the territory embraced in the limits of Burton, Halstead, Darlington, Lake, Lakin, Macon, Newton, Pleasant, Richland, Sedgwick, Alta, Highland, Emma and Garden townships, was organized by an act of Legislature, February 29, 1872, and named Harvey, in honor of James M. Harvey, then Governor of Kansas.

Gov. Harvey appointed the following named county officers to officiate in their respective positions until after their successors could be duly elected and qualified to wit: County Clerk, H. W. Bailey; County Treasurer, C. D. Munger; Probate Judge, A. Markwell; Register of Deeds, R. H. Brown; Sheriff, W. B. Chamberlin; Coroner, C. C. Furley; County Attorney, C. S. Bowman; Clerk of District Court, J. B. Cunningham; County Surveyor, W. Brown; County Superintendent, Ellen Webster; County Commissioners, A. G. Richardson, Amos Prouty, and J. R. Skinner.

The first election for county officers was held May 20, 1872. At this election Newton was made the county seat. All of the county officials appointed by Gov. Harvey were elected, with the exception of John R. Skinner, County Commissioner, whose place was filled by the election of B. Thompson, of Halstead Township. At a meeting of the County Commissioners, held May 24, 1872, to canvass the vote cast May 20, it was found that the poll books of Sedgwick and Newton townships showed on their face a fraudulent vote, and it was voted by the Board that they be rejected, which was done, and the result was shown as above stated.

At the first regular meeting of the Board of County Commissioners, held April 16, 1872, it being mustered in by C. S. Bowman, Notary Public, A. G. Richardson, was chosen Chairman. The principal business transacted, was that of dividing the county into civil townships and giving them appropriate names. The county was divided into municipal townships, each being the size of a congressional township, and were named as follows:

Newton Township, from the city of Newton, the county seat;

Darlington Township, in honor of its early settlers, who came from Darlington, La Fayette Co, Wis.;

Sedgwick Township, after the town of Sedgwick;

Lakin Townshipin honor of D. L. Lakin, then Land Commissioner of the A. T. & S. Fe R. R.;

Lake Township, from the beautiful lakes it contains;

Burton Township, was changed from Valley, in honor of the town of Burton;

Halstead Township, in honor of the city of Halstead;

Emma Township, after the three creeks of the same name, so called in memory of a "beautiful young lady" who died and was buried on the bank of one of the streams;

Alta Township, in memory of a deceased daughter of Judge R. W. P. Muse;

Macon Township, after a county of that name in Illinois;

Walton Township, in honor of one of the stockholders of the A. T. & S. Fe R. R.; Garden, Richland, Highland and Pleasant townships, so named from their location and quality of soil.

A petition to annex Walton and Highland Townships was circulated by John C. Johnson, which was signed by three-fourths of the voters in the two townships. On the presentation of the petition to the State Legislature by Representative H. A. Ensign, and a committee from Newton, composed of J. T. Davis, H. C. Ashbaugh, L. E. Steele, G. D. Munger, R. M. Spivey and J. B. Dickey, a bill passed March 5, 1873, which authorized the annexations of the two townships to Harvey County.

At the November election, in 1872, U. S. Grant received 563 votes and Horace Greeley 187 votes for President. The following county officers were elected: Dr. H. A. Ensign, Representative; D. W. Bunker, Clerk; G. D. Munger, Treasurer; A. Markwell, Probate Judge; H. W. Hubbard, Register of Deeds; Dr. S. Foster, Coroner; C. S. Bowman, Attorney; J. B. Cunningham, District Clerk; L. H. Hamlin, Surveyor; F. L. Faatz, Superintendent of Public Instruction; B. C. Arnold, A. G. Richardson and T. S. Floyd; Commissioners. At an election held November 4, 1873, A. G. Richardson was elected representative; I. N. Stout, coroner. The County Board of Commissioners refused to canvass the votes cast for the election of other county officers. At this election bonds were voted to the amount of $3,000 for the purpose of establishing a County poor Farm, $2,000 in bonds were issued and Harvey County now has an excellent institution for that purpose. By a decision of the Supreme Court, October 3, 1874, a new Board of County Commissioners, composed of Amos Prouty, J. Hollister and T. R. Oldham, assumed control of the county affairs. At the November election, in 1879, bonds to the amount of $6,000 was voted for the purpose of erecting a county jail, which was subsequently done. The vote on the Prohibition Amendment in Harvey County, November 2, 1880, stood, for 1,140, against 858.

We make the following extracts from a "History of Harvey County" compiled by Judge R. W. P. Muse, who in speaking of the condition of the early county records, says:

**"The time elapsing between the organization of the county and the fall of 1875, may be classed as the dark period in the history of Harvey County." He still further adds, in referring from this time to September 8, 1875, that "nearly all important papers which should have been filed in that office (County Clerk), are missing, and even the minutes of the meetings of the County Commissioners, have been imperfectly kept, or entirely omitted."**

All this while the affairs of the county had been carelessly and badly (if not criminally) conducted. It was openly charged that a "Tweed Ring" had been formed with headquarters in some of the county offices. It was also charged, and generally believed, that large amounts of money had been wrongfully issued in the shape of warrants and paid out without the sanction of the law. it was further reported that the County Commissioners, or at least, a majority of them, had met and canceled, and destroyed some $10,000 of this redeemed scrip, and no sufficient record of the amount thus issued and destroyed, had been kept. Excitement ran high -- indignation meetings were held and efforts made to have the books of the county investigated, and if found as charged, to punish the guilty parties, but as the books had been loosely kept in many instances, no record was made whatever of important transactions, it was found up-hill business to commence proceedings against the suspected officials, and the matter was finally dropped."

The official county roster for 1882-83, is as follows: Clerk, John C. Johnson; Treas., H. W. Bunker; Reg. of Deeds, H. Mathias; Dist. Clerk, W. J. Puett; Probate Judge, J. H. Campbell; Supt. Pub. Ins., H. C. McQuiddy; Surveyor, James Dawson; Attorney, W. E. Lathy; Sheriff, John Walter; Coroner, H. A. Ensign; Commissioners, D. W. Woodward, W. D. Tourtillot, A. G. Richardson.


Owing to the imperfect records found in the County Superintendents office, it has been impossible to get an correct data, concerning the schools of Harvey County, prior to 1877. In 1877, there were in Harvey County 66 organized school districts, and 2,485 persons within the school age; 1,703 pupils were enrolled, and 81 teachers employed, at an average salary of $33.00 for males and $25.50 for females. During that year six schoolhouses were erected, making the total number fifty-nine. To build these six school houses, $10,409 in bonds were issued, making the total bonded indebtedness $45,389. For school purposes $27,266.13 was received, $20,133.59 of which was paid out for expenses. In 1882, there was 67 organized districts in the county and 4,140 persons of school age; 3,209 pupils were enrolled, and 82 teachers employed, at an average salary of $36.59 for males, and $31.09 for females. Bonds were issued to the amount of $7,775, which made the bonded indebtedness $34,539.30. With sixty-six school buildings in use, and including all school property, represents a value of $72,100. Of the $37,891.96 received for school purposes, $32,829.25 was expended in promoting the educational interests. In addition to the public schools, there are many private schools, under the auspices of the Mennonites and other denominations, in which both the German and English language are taught. Considering her size, Harvey County is unsurpassed in her school facilities.

The Harvey County Agricultural and Mechanical Society was incorporated with a capital stock of $3,000, November 14, 1872, with A. G. Richardson, Pres.; E. Commons, Vice-Pres.; D. Ainsworth, Trea.; and H. C. Ashbaugh, Sec. The society purchased eighty acres of, and one and one-half miles west of Newton, and held the first fair in October, 1873. In 1874, during the grasshopper scourge, no fair was held. From 1875 to 1878 fairs were held on grounds north of the city. In 1879, a forty-acre tract was purchased one mile southwest of the city, and a fair held. In the spring of 1880, the Golden Gate printing office was burned, and with it the records of the society. Present officers: H. A. Ensign, Pres.; W. H. Cole, Vice-Pres.; A. B. Lemmon, Sec.; E. L. Parris, Trea. The Board of Directors, numbering eighteen members, include many of the successful men in the county.


Newton, the metropolis and county seat of Harvey county, is geographically located in the center of the eastern portion of the county, on the east bank of Sand Creek. Besides being the principal station on the mail line of the A. T. & S. F. Ry, east of Emporia; it is the initial point of the Caldwell Branch of that road. With its natural advantages, together with the enterprising class of citizens with which it is largely peopled, and surrounded by a thrifty class of farmers; it has, from a small village, grown to a city of the second class. The business portion of the city is built up in a substantial manner with handsome stone and brick blocks, which would be a credit to larger cities and in the suburbs are located fine private residences, amply testifying to the taste and refinement of its inhabitants.


The present town of Newton twelve years ago, was unoccupied. The habitation of man had not yet been built, and the broad and fertile prairies around were untrod, save by a few hardy pioneers, en route West. When Judge R. W. P. Muse made his first trip to this point, May 10, 1871, he found occupying a tent on the west bank of Sand Creek, the late John Sebastian, and on the town site were located Peter Luhn, Joel T. Davis, L. E. Steele, H. Lovett, Isaac Stockwell, Robert Walton, Dr. Gaston Boyd, H. W. Hubbard, E. L. Lapham, W. A. Russell, S. J. Bentley, J. J. Barker, B. C. Arnold, Louis Foy, J. T. Davis, J. Rynierson and a few others. R. M. Spivey, David and William Maxwell,---Bennett, James Millis, and W. P. Sterm arrived during the month of May, 1871. The greater portion of those above mentioned located in March of the same year.

The first frame building on the town site was moved from Darlington township, the latter part of March, 1870, and was used as a blacksmith shop, by Messrs. Stockwell and Walton. The next building was erected by Peter Luhn, and known as "Pioneer Store". About this time David and Steele erected a building and opened a bakery. Early in May, 1871 H. Lovett, S. J. Bentley, Muse & Spivey erected frame structures. After this new buildings went up daily and the future of the town was assured.

On the completion of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, July 17, 1871, Newton became the shipping point of the immense herds of Texas cattle which prior to this time had been driven to Abilene on the Kansas Pacific Railroad. In anticipation of this important event the population of the place was greatly augmented by the arrival of large numbers of "the only original cow-boys" saloon men, gamblers, "soiled doves" and roughs of every nationality and color. In harmony with their surroundings and character all went armed in the most approved border fashion. In that part of the city known as "Hyde Park" no less than fifteen buildings were erected and devoted to "social amusement" in which these characters figured conspicuously. Nearly every other building in the business portion was occupied by saloons, which would be named "Do Drop In" "The Side Track", "Gold Rooms", and other appellations suggestive of the times. The "cow-boy reign" which practically continued from June, 1871, to January 1, 1873, was an epitome of what has been and is now being enacted where that element predominates. As a matter of fact many persons were killed and wounded during that time, but the number has been greatly exaggerated. A careful review bearing on this point

Newton Public School


by Judge R. W. P. Muse in his "History of Harvey County" places the total number killed as twelve. As many conflicting statements have been made on this number it has been impossible to alter the number with accuracy. It is possible and highly probable that several shooting scrapes occurred in which parties were dangerously wounded and reported killed; while it is admitted by all that the numerous shooting affairs that occurred during the "reign" were lamentable events, detrimental to the best interests of the city, it is also shown that they were confined to the rough element. Pages might be devoted to detailed account of the various shootings scrapes occurring during that times, but a mention of the "general massacres" will prove sufficient. The affair, which terminated in the death of five of its participants and the wounding of as many more, occurred on the night of August 9, 1871, at the dance house of Perry Tuttle. On account of some prior difficulty between McCloskey and Jim Anderson, the latter, on the evening mentioned entered the dance house with a number of his companions and shot McCloskey, who returned the fire after he was down, wounding his antagonist so badly that he afterwards died. Standing near the door was a young man, evidently in the last stages of consumption, who was a personal friend of McCloskey's. Seeing his friend down he turned and locked the door preventing egress. Then drawing his "shooting iron" he fired into the Anderson crowd, killing three outright and wounding three or four more. As the young man, Riley, appeared to have everything his own way the affair terminated at this juncture. In this connection the first death occurred June 16, 1871, in which two cow boys, Snyder and Welsh, got into a difficulty in front of Gregory's saloon and the latter was killed.

After the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad was completed to Dodge City and a branch to Wichita the cattle trade turned to these points and Newton was soon free from a large proportion of the desperadoes and roughs who so long infested it. After the return of law and order the city did not recover from the effects of its early days for nearly two years, and to still more increase the retrogressive movement a disastrous fire occurred on the evening of December 8, 1873, destroying the east side of block 38, the best business portion of the city. In April 1875, the population of the city was 769, and of the township 293, a large decrease from the returns of 1872. During the spring and summer of 1875 the town sprang into and entered a new life, and in 1878 boasted of a population of over 2000. Present estimated population (1882) 5,000.


Prior to its incorporation as a city of the third class, February 22, 1872, Newton, practically had no government of any kind, and even after its incorporation, during the "cowboy reign" the majesty of the law was unheeded. At the first city election, held April 1, 1872, L. E. Steele, S. Lehman and R. C. Arnold constituted the board of canvassers. the following were elected: Mayor, James Gregory; Councilmen, E. Chamberlain, D. Hamill, Isaac Thayer, B. C. Arnott, Jno. Winram; Police Judge, M. J. Hennessy. At the first meeting of the City Council, held April 3, 1872, E. Lunn was appointed Clerk pro tem; G. Chamberlain, Treasurer; D. Skelly, Attorney; W. Brooks, Marshall; Chas. Bowman, Assistant Marshall. R. B. Lynch was appointed Clerk, in July, 1872. By a proclamation of the Governor, Newton was made a city of the second class, January 22, 1880, and on February 5, of the same year, was divided into three wards. The following named gentlemen have officiated as Mayor: 1873, F. H. C. McQuiddy; 1874, R. M. Spivey; 1875, J. B. Dickey; 1876, H. W. Bunker; 1877, O. B. Edgett; 1878-9 S. Saylor; 1880-1, R. C. Love; 1882-3, R. W. P. Muse.

Present city officers are : Mayor, R. W. P. Muse; Council, J. W. Helwig, H. W. Hubbard, C. L. Berry, E. B. Fowler, James Geary, R. Collins; Clerk, J. W. Edwards; Treasurer, E. L. Parris; Attorney, C. Butcher; Police Judge, Wm. Shaver; Justice of Peace, D. Feiger; Constables, R. B. Ransom, M. D. Stimmel.

Postoffice -- Was established in the summer of 1871. W. A. Russell being appointed first Postmaster. He was succeeded, September 13, 1872, by William Brown, who occupied the position until October 30, 1873, when A. C. Fredericks was appointed. In 1879, H. C. Ashbaugh, the present Postmaster, received the appointment. During Frederick's administration, the office became a third class office. At this office the money order system was established, July 1, 1874. A. C. Fredericks purchasing money order No. 1, July 6, 1874.


The Newton Kansan, the first number of which appeared August 22, 1872, under the editorships of H. C. Ashbaugh, was the first newspaper published in Harvey county after its organization. The paper, an eight-column folio has been under the same management to the present time, and is republican in politics, progressive in ideas and identified with the progress and welfare of home interests.

Newton Republican -- The first number of this paper appeared August 11, 1875, as the Harvey County News, under the management of J. E. Duncan and A. W. Moore. Duncan remained as editor until December 29, 1875. On the 28th of April 1876, J. S. Collister purchased a half interest of Moore, and the paper was run by the new firm until December, 1876, when Moore retired, leaving Collister, who published it until the summer of 1879, he then sold his interest to C. G. Coulant, who changed the name to its present appellation. In November 1879, the paper passed into the hands of R. W. P. Muse and R. M. Spivey, who continues its publication until June 10, 1881, when it passed into the hands of Hon. A. B. Lemmon, its present editor and proprietor. the name of the paper indicates its politics. In April 1881, the paper was enlarged from a nine column folio to a six column quarto, its present size. The Republican is known as being on of the leading papers in the Arkansas Valley.

Newton has under the existing management one of the best school systems in southern Kansas. The first steps toward promoting her educational interest were taken August 10, 1872, when the people voted $5,000 in bonds for the erection of a brick schoolhouse. The first public school was opened August 26, 1872, by Miss Mary Boyd, and from this date educational interests have been well looked after as the present school system will amply testify. The contract for the new building was let September 19,1872, to W. K. Jackman, who completed it the following season. On the incorporation of the city, into a city of the second class, in January, 1880, it was divided into three wards, in which have been erected handsome and substantial structures for educational purposes. Prominent among the rest are the north and south side building, which are a credit to cities of ten times the size.


First Presbyterian Church was organized July 7, 1872, by Rev. J. P. Harsen, with seven members, namely F. L. Faatz, W. R. Johnson, J. C. Johnson, James M. Johnson, Mrs. Mary Johnson, D. L. Payne and --Calderhead. During the first two or three years the church had no regular pastor. Rev. A. E. Garrison became pastor in March, 1875, and remained until the close of 1878. In April, 1879, Rev. James H. Clark became pastor and remained until the spring of 1882. In November, the present pastor, Rev. E. J. Brown, assumed charge. The membership has increased as follows: 1872, 7 members; 1874, 12 members; 1875, 21 members; 1876, 37 members; 1877, 56 members; 1878, 66 members; 1879, 64 members; 1880, 104 members; 1881, 108 members; 882, 102 members. During the pastorate of Rev. Garrison, the present church edifice, a frame structure, 35 X 50 feet, was completed at a cost of $5,000. The church has always maintained a Sabbath school. the membership of which is now 137.

Methodist Episcopal Church was organized in the spring of 1872, by Rev. M. M. Haun, as a Mission, which embraced all of Harvey county, and included six appointments. In March, 1873, the Newton organization numbered thirty members, under the pastorate of Rev. L. F. Laverty, who remained two years. The first church edifice (now occupied by the episcopal denomination) was a frame, 26 X 46 feet, and was dedicated August 5, 1873, the total cost being $2,000. Rev. Laverty was succeeded in 1875, by Rev. E. C. Brooks, who remained two years. He was succeeded by the following: Walter Oakley, one year; W. A. Dodson, one year; E. C. Brooks, one year; W. W. Woodside, one year; and Rev. N. Asher present pastor, two years. A new stone edifice, 46 X 55 feet, is in process of erection, and will be completed in the spring of 1883, at a cost of $7,5000. The Sabbath school average attendance of 150 pupils. Present number of church communicants, 175.

Church of the Immaculate Conception (Catholic) -- The first services of this denomination in Newton, were held by Rev. F. P. Swembergh, in 1871, in tents and car used by the construction men, in building the railroad to this point. In the latter part of 1872, Father Swembergh organized a church with four families, and commenced the erection of a stone edifice. The first building was 24 X 40 feet, and was completed in 1874. In 1879 a addition was made in the form of a cross, and a Parochial School established with thirty-five pupils-present membership, sixty-five. During the same year, the parsonage was built. Value of church property $4,000. Since the establishing of the church at Newton, Father Swembergh has been in charge. Present membership, from eighty to one hundred families.

St. Matthews Church (Episcopal) -- Prior to its organization, services were held by Rev. A. Beattie, D. D. until an organization was effected in 1879. A stone edifice, 30 X 50 feet, was erected during the same year, at a cost of $2,500. The building was used until 1882, when on account of its imperfect construction it was torn down, and the Methodist Church purchased. The first regular pastor, Rev. James Newman, officiated until October, 1880, when he was succeeded by the Rev. R. C. Talbott, who remained four months. The organization was then without a regular pastor until July 1882, when Rev. T. L. Allen assumed the pastorate. The organization is the only one of this denomination in the county. Present membership, sixteen.

First Baptist Churchwas organized in the fall of 1877, by Rev. A. S. Merrifield, with about forty-three members. A frame edifice, 30 X 40 feet was erected during the same year at a cost of about $1,400. Rev. Mr. Merrifield remained as pastor until December 1, 1882, since which time the church has been supplied by Rev. L. T. Bicknell. Present membership, 160.

Evangelical Association(German) was formed June 18, 1879, with seven members, by Rev. E. C. Erffmeyer. In the spring of 1880 the church was admitted into the conference. A frame edifice, 26 X 52 feet, was erected in the fall of 1879, at a cost of $2,200. September 28, 1882, this building was totally destroyed by a cyclone, while a meeting of the church was in session. all the inmates escaped without serious injury. Rev. Mr. Erffmeyer was succeeded in April, 1882, by Rev. Mr. Kiplinger, the present supply. The denomination now uses the Baptist Church. Present membership, 40.

An organization of this denomination was effected in January, 1881, with ten members, six miles west of Newton, in Macon township by Rev. Erffmeyer. Meetings are held in schoolhouse, District 15; Thomas Patterson, class leader. Present membership, 13.

Mennonite Church(German)was organized in 1879, with about ten members, by Elder L. Sudermann (supply),who is the present pastor. A frame church edifice, 26 X 52 feet, was completed in the spring of 1881, at a cost of $2,000 with lot. Present membership, 55.

An organization of the German Lutheran persuasion is located here, but from absence of records or reliable data a sketch is withheld.

[TOC] [part 3] [part 1] [Cutler's History]