SUMNER, K, T., January 1, 1859.DEAR CENTRAL  :-. . . Our time is too limited this New Year's Eve to offer congratulations to thy numerous [newspaper] sisterhood, scattered, as they are, from the western hills to the Queen City, and the great Babylon of the Northwest, and on to the golden gates of the mighty Pacific and the mouths of the Columbia, but would like to give thee a formal introduction to a very promising "little one," that has just escaped from its crysalis up here in Kansas-whether prematurely or not, time will determine. This is not, we opine, a full grown butterfly, of ephemeral existence, but a full fledged "messenger bird," who will soar aloft on golden pinions, and when its death-shriek shall die away along the creeks and Kaw valley, may another, Phoenix-like arise from its ashes!
The "Kansas Messager"  is cradled in "Baldwin City," Kansas, the site of Baker University, and is rocked by a strong editorial corps, as far as numbers are concerned, and whether artificial stimulants will be necessary hereafter to promote its growth or perpetuate its existence, is a thought in embryo, arising from a contingency in the matter. It has only once made its appearance at our humble abode, and therefore we would not venture an opinion, only as far as the exterior is concerned-the type was fair, the name significant, and as there are different tastes to cater for, every reader must judge for himself, and not for his neighbor. Success to the "Messager," and may its shadow never be less, if it continues to bear the insignia of heaven.
And now, Mr. Editor, I want to say a word to you about the holidays in Sumner. Christmas is numbered with "the things that were," and Santa Claus, like the "priest and levite" of old, passed by our humble cot on the "other side," and never gave us a nod of recognition. Whether the merry old sprite thought the chimney too small for the ingress of his splendid retinue, or feared we sober Yankees might by the reflection of our elongated phiz, (in these "hard times, with Methodist minister's families in Kansas,")
frighten that "broad grin" into a metamorphosed expression, significant of
facts, that might be revealed in cellar and larder, we leave your readers to
JULIA LOUISA LOVEJOY
SUMNER, K. T., Jan. 6, 1859.BRo. BROOKS  :-One of your correspondents inquires, "What is home without a baby?" Another, "What is home without a wife?" and still another, "What is home without Jesus?"
And now, with your permission, your humble correspondent, away up here on the Missouri river, would institute another inquiry, suggested by the loneliness of the hour, in this isolated spot, as the wind, in fitful gusts, is driving the sleet and snow through every crevice in our humble abode, and the writer and little Charley [Irving?], three years old, now snugly ensconced in "night-quarters," are the sole occupants of this "cottage on the bluff"-"What is home to a wife without a husband," especially the home of an itinerant minister of Jesus Christ, who, from the nature of his high and holy vocation, is necessarily away from his family the greater part of his time, i. e., if his field of labor is connected with large circuits, as in some of the older conferences, and now, in the frontier
work, as a pioneer-missionary? We know not how it has been with other
minister's wives, who may con over these disconnected "thoughts of a lonely
hour," but we have no doubt, had the days been fairly counted, that out of
twenty-four years and more of married life, our home has been two-thirds of the
time, on an average, "without a husband," and is it not strange, my dear sisters,
ye honored wives of Christ's ambassadors, that after all the severe discipline in
this matter, we are called to experience, as a "part of our portion for which we
bargained," when we consented that our interests for this life should be
identified with those of an itinerant minister; is it not strange, we repeat,
that our homes cannot be "fixed up" to look attractively in our eyes, without our
husbands to enjoy, mutually with us, all the little minutia for comfort in
household arrangements? . . . And where can such perfect sympathy on earth be
found as between those whom God hath made "one?" Then what would home be without
J. L. L.
SUMNER, K. T., Jan. 7, 1859.MESSRS. EDITORS  :-Though just one week too late for New Year's holiday, yet we'll venture to wish all our old friends in the Granite State "a happy New Year" as was our custom in the days "of auld lang syne." You have doubtless ere this began to think us tardy in redeeming our "pledge," to "write occasionally for the Democrat." Numerous other duties pressing, and no small amount of matter as hindrance, in writing for four other periodicals must be our only apology. Now, then, to the weather, as that, we believe, is considered the all-important topic of discussion when friends meet after a long absence from each other. Old Boreas did his worst awhile in November to rouse every sluggish soul to action. He stalked forth in conscious majesty, in his ice-clad armor of mail, and called to his aid his allies, from every part of his wide-spread domain, and lo! they came, a mighty "troupe" rushing with a vengeance through that door left ajar by those fearless navigators at the North Pole, and many wry faces may be met in Kansas, at the remembrance of their freaks both serious and ludicrous on that memorable occasion. They built a bridge in one night across the Missouri River so that steamboats could neither pass nor repass-they so effectually cemented potato "patches" that many fields will be found already
planted in early spring, and time would fail to narrate their marvellous
exploits in cupboard, and larder. But, for six weeks, old Sol has had it all his
own way-he tore up the bridges on the streams so that boats could run again
wherever they list, and what has seemed to us a phenomenon, numerous flocks of
wild geese have been seen almost invariably bound in a Northern direction. The
ground was as free from frost as in April or September. It seemed so singular to
see the boats again on their regular trips, after laying up in snug winter
we might pass through in pioneer life. Yet Our microscopic vision failed to
make them quite as big as we have really and actually found realities.
Nevertheless, there are many things connected with this "pioneering business" we
love-'tis so novel and gypsy-like, this nomadic life, cooking out of doors,
eating and sleeping in like manner; but the latter we never fell in love with,
for an instinctive dread of serpents.
J. LOUISA LOVEJOY.
SUMNER, K. T., Feb. 3, 1859.BRo. HAVEN  : It would be a difficult matter to make you and your New England friends understand fully the pitch of excitement that matters have attained around us, for three or four days past; indeed, at no time during the whole bloody crusade of three years past, when that army with their blood-red flag was approaching our dwelling, did our feelings personally, and those of our family, reach that degree of intensity as for a few days past. It is not one half hour since we have felt relieved from almost overpowering anxiety by the news just brought to town.
We saw a notice in the "Herald" that $2,500  had been offered for our champion's head; that was correct, and in addition, the Governor of Missouri has offered $3,000. Now this is a tempting bait, and of course large parties of pro-slavery men were on the look out in different localities to intercept Brown, as it was suspected he would elude pursuit and reach Iowa.
Messengers came into this town day before yesterday, with the tidings that the
Marshal [J. P. Wood], and his posse had got on his track, and found he had taken
possession of a log cabin on the prairie, about fifty miles from Sumner. This
cabin he had strongly barricaded, and told his pursuers "he would never yield,
neither would he be taken alive." The Marshal and his force surrounded the cabin
and ordered Brown to "surrender!" Brown replied, "Come and take me." The officer
dared not undertake the job, and one hundred more like him could not capture
those indomitable spirits that well knew what would follow if they were taken
prisoners. There were about a dozen "fugitives" with Brown, whom
he had helped so far on the "underground railroad." These were well supplied with
Sharpe's rifles; and also, the Marshal found twenty-five free State men acting as
a kind of "body-guard" for Brown till he reached a place of safety.
battle.") He also took four of their horses that they had secreted in the
timber, and then with his freed slaves and party pulled for Iowa, taking
prisoners and horses along with him! The troops came along last night to "Mount
Pleasant," six miles from here, and refused to go only two miles farther,
alleging as a reason "that they had only revolvers, and were not prepared for a
fight;" and they knew Brown would fight like a tiger, and never yield alive. The
truth is, sir, (and we had as lief whisper the matter so loud that the "old
infirmary" may ring with the sound,) the troops are now so much imbued with free
Stateism it would be difficult to draw them into the chase after a free State
man, i. e., if they were convinced, as in the case of Brown, that he deserved his
liberty. We fear now that Brown and his party will be intercepted by an
overwhelming force, but he cannot be captured alive.
ery hand watching all our movements. News has just come that our other
champion, "Jim Lane," sent a dispatch to Weston on this wise: "Dare to whip those
prisoners, and you will be sure what next will follow." And another: "If they are
not soon released, they will be by force." They have not yet, (as we learn
today;) been either whipped or released, but the spirit of defiance is aroused in
the free State men by insult beyond endurance, and the result time only can
determine. They had a battle in Linn County last week, and eight are known to
have been killed, and it is supposed a number more, and some others wounded. We
hope these troubles will now be settled without further bloodshed. It is vexing
to read in the New England papers about "Brown, Montgomery & Co.," when they have
been driven by thefts and horrid murders to do as they have done.
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
MISSOURI RIVER, Feb. 3, 1859.MR. EDITOR  :--As the "Herald" has been the "medium" through which "surprise gifts" of various kinds have been chronicled, we think it now no more than fair that one (as it is an isolated case in the Conference, as far as our knowledge extends the present year) should find room in the Herald, an acknowledgment from the most westernly Conference in the United States, save those on the Pacific Coast. Well, then, behold the missionary's wife, on the 3d day of Feb., 1859, as she sets off from her half-finished dwelling for the Post Office, three-quarters of a mile distant, leaving her husband, (not dressed in his canonicals in a comfortable study) but swinging his hammer with sturdy strokes, like "a workman that needeth not to be ashamed," for they find their only finished room, eight feet square, is becoming too strait for their accommodation, and the husband, instead of fixing up his family residence this winter, has been at work on another superstructure that has been going up, lo these 1800 years, and will never be completed until the last polished stone shall find its appropriate place! . . . Now, Doctor, could you have seen her as we saw her on the day aforesaid, with pail in hand, (to bring water on the return trip) humming a favorite hymn, as she threaded her devious way by a lonely by-path, through ravines and over bluffs, you would bless God for the freedom of the country, glad to escape from the ennui of city life. The mail matter was duly handed out by the officious clerk, and then a mysterious-look-
ing package. "What does this mean?" soliloquized she. It is postmarked Boston;
but O, no matter if it does not tell me that father and mother are dead. I'll go
over the bluff so far no one will see me, and then I'll see what it contains. The
package was laid on the trunk of a fallen tree and solemnly unsealed, and it
matters not how much she wept and prayed and got blessed there, for nobody was
disturbed! The donor says, "write only one word in return, -"Received." The fair
stranger will permit us to add, in her own words, "the work of her own hands."
When those hands "forget their cunning" may the registry of a full list of good
works be found in another Book, as she shall receive the crowning reward,
"Well-done," is the prayer of
A MISSIONARY'S WIFE.
SUMNER, K. T., Feb. 28, 1859.MR. EDITOR  :-Thinking your readers would like to know the sequel of Brown's late adventure, that terminated so abruptly in a late Herald, we hasten to lay before them the last advices. He took along his Atchison prisoners to the Nebraska line, or near it, and then held a mock trial in their case; every man expected to be hung, as he knew he richly deserved a high destiny for his participation in the affair; and after permitting them awhile to turn self- punishers, by harrowing up their fears, he set them all at liberty unharmed, with a piece of good advice about being caught in another such scrape, but sent them off without their horses. Some of them found a chance to ride part of the way, and all reached home in safety, loud in their praises of old "Brown's courage and generosity;" but, say they, "he is a monomaniac for freedom." They threaten to shoot Marshal Wood for drawing them into such a fix. A letter has been received from Brown, the purport of which is, that "he and his proteges had all reached Iowa in safety." "Freedom's Champion," published at Atchison, has some laughable things connected with the "battle of the spurs," as the facetious editor significantly calls the panic that seized the Atchison boys, who had come to assist the Marshal, when Brown sallied out of the log cabin, as a kind of greeting to the chivalrous knights. Every man who could, put spurs to his horse and fled for dear life, and some who had left their horses too far back to reach them in their haste, in the timber, for fear of having them stolen, took to their heels; and one poor fellow, frightened almost out of his wits, seized hold
of the caudal extremity of his comrade's horse, nearest to him, and away they
went at a 2:40 speed, as though Lucifer himself had been close in the rear, while
the editor says "he begged piteously to be taken up by his more fortunate
neighbor." As soon as the balance of the party reached their horses, they threw
themselves into their saddles, and every man looked out for himself! If you could
at that moment have seen the lantern-jaws of the old outlaw, Mr. Editor, we know
not but your ministerial gravity, for the time being, would have been greatly
her history for the benefit of some of the divines in the M. E. Church, who think lightly of the "peculiar institution," and its effects! On our way into the Territory in the spring of 1855, we left the American Hotel on account of sickness, where we had been stopping some time, and I went with my sick daughters to board in this family, as Mrs. West was a member of the Methodist Church, and considered by the people a woman of more than ordinary piety; and I think I have never found an individual under the influence of Southern principles who seemed to possess in a greater degree the spirit of true piety. The family were formerly from Virginia, and brought along this Katharine, (and her sister, older than herself,) as house-slaves, to do the housework for the family. I was conversing with Mrs. West one day about my own views of slavery, and then inquired of her if they would sell either of those women, or the little toddling quadroon of a child belonging to one of the slave women whom Mrs. West had just been kissing and playfully caressing. "Sell them 1" she replied, "nothing would tempt us to part with them; they were brought up with me from childhood in Virginia; their mother belonged to my father for many years." Of course we did not inquire, (as Yankees are usually accused of doing,) concerning their paternity; that would have been impertinent! We sometimes indulge in mental guessing, and then nobody is harmed if these thoughts are not expressed. We often conversed with these slaves, who were not permitted to learn the alphabet; they had been taught strange ideas about free people at the North -their miserable condition, save a privileged few, and they of the upper strata of society. By associating with Northern people for three years past, or by some other means, this Katharine found out there was something desirable in liberty of person, and through some channel, we know not how, found herself at Lawrence, and on board the ill-fated team, fleeing in the direction of the North Star, when they were all seized and conveyed, as we have hereto fore said, to Weston, Mo., and then put in irons! We saw the Sioux City when she passed up the Missouri River, plowing her way through floating ice; and when she reached Weston, on her downward trip, these slaves, Katharine among the rest, were all put on board and sent off to the Georgia market, save the two free negroes from Pennsylvania and Ohio, whom Jake Hurd seized in prison and whipped shockingly in presence of Dr. Doy, and then thrust them into a covered carriage and drove them, none of us can tell whither -probably where they never can return to tell the story of their
wrongs! They were born free, were never in slavery, and had been waiters in a
hotel in Lawrence for some time past. How they first ventured to Kansas is more
than we can tell. We inquired of Mrs. West, "if there was no danger in the event
of the death of Mr. West, with regard to the estate being divided amongst the
heirs, and these sisters being sold and separated." "Why," said she, "my children
have been brought up with them, and not one would part with them." Now we
inquire, "what must be the feelings of a Northern lady, and she a member of the
church, when she went into her closet or the class room, or knelt at the
sacramental board, to reflect that one they had been brought up with, had played
with from childhood, was doomed to toil in the rice swamps, with her flesh torn
by cruel scourges, or what is a thousand times worse, as in the case of one,
"smart and good-looking" like Katharine, our pen cannot express the indignant
feelings of our heart at the thought! Mr. West very piously craved a blessing on
our food at the table, and seemed a true specimen of Southern piety l We always
hated slavery, but since we have been brought face to face with the accursed
demon, and seen its fruits, our hatred knows no bounds; and, sir, there is a
fearful responsibility resting on the heads of some ministers in "high places" in
the M. E. Church; and for the price of a thousand worlds, with all their
emoluments and good opinions, we would not assume that responsibility. God is my
witness, as much as I love the church of my choice, with which my humble name has
stood connected since the autumn of 1828, unless some measures are adopted at the
next General Conference to rid the church of this "sum of all villanies," I, as
an individual, though isolated and alone, could not or cannot, with a clear
conscience, in view of my relation to God and my fellow-fellow creatures, longer
remain within her pale. I speak this after due reflection, and none else is
responsible for what I write.
guage some of the sacrifices of comfort each was compelled to undergo,
preaching and sleeping in log cabins, often without a window, shut up with a lot
of (often) filthy, noisy children, &c., and they would generally the present year
be deficient from $150 to $200 in their salary, and wound up with
speaking about some `mercy drops' that had fallen on his charge." In the same
letter was a "marriage notice," and also "one subscriber" for the Christian
Advocate and Journal. These latter notices appeared in due time, but not one word
of the letter aforesaid, and there could be no other reason only the tincture of
anti-slaveryism in the proscribed letter. If these things are suffered to
continue much longer one thing is certain, there will be more than one
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
P. S.-The Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was completed last Tuesday, so that the cars brought in so many emigrants for the mines that the St. Joseph Weekly says "every hotel is crowded from basement to dome." They are rapidly completing it from St. Joseph to Atchison, twenty miles down the river, which will bring it within, four miles of our door in Sumner, and these few miles only will intervene; and what a stretch of rails! Had we the means at our command when this road is completed, we might take the cars at Atchison, and travel 2,000 miles nearly by railroad to the very neighborhood of our birth, and land near the family mansion in Lebanon, N. H., in the same homestead in which we were born,
where our dear parents are now waiting patiently to pass over the River.
Heaven grant them a safe and joyful passage, is the prayer of their exiled
J. L. L.
SUMNER, K. T., March 3, 1859.BRo. HAVEN  :-I told you in my last that I did not intend to write again until after the session of our Conference, the 13th of April,"unless something of an extraordinary character occurred;" but letters making inquiries about the mines, that I cannot well find time to answer, as Mr. L. is absent from home much of the time, and cannot consequently answer them himself, are coming in, and seem to demand, from the writers, who are members of the M. E. Church and readers of the Herald, an answer through this medium. Let all come first to Chicago, thence to Hannibal, Mo., and thence directly across the State of Missouri, to St. Joseph. Then if they wish, they can come by stage down the River, 20 miles, to Atchison, and buy their team and outfit, or purchase these at St. Joseph, and start for the Mountains from St. Joseph. Either route will constantly be lined with teams for months to come, if not the whole year. A number had better put their means together and buy two or three yoke of oxen and wagon, and provisions sufficient for six months; for it seems more likely to us that there will be a greater famine for bread, from the crowds that are already arriving, than for gold! A yoke of oxen will cost from $75 to $100, a covered wagon about $75. A line of stages is to be run twice a month from Atchison to Pike's Peak during the summer; but we advise every one to go with his own team, eat and sleep in his wagon, and then his expenses on the road will be but a trifle, and his team, we are told, will bring as much when he arrives there, as it costs him here. A good cow driven along would be a valuable acquisition. The price of a cow ranges from $25 to $30. Cattle outfit, and all that will be necessary to purchase can be had, probably, at any point where an emigrant happens to land. The old route, via St. Louis, and then up the River by steamboat, is far more expensive than the present route, all the way from Boston to St. Joseph, Mo., by railroad. The boats are running lively on the River now, and we have not a doubt but within a year to come, there will be 100,000 in Western Kansas, the new Eldorado. Accounts of the most flattering character are being received from the
mines almost every week. Some from Oskaloosa, where Mr. Lovejoy was pastor
last year, went there, and were so well satisfied they remained long enough to
get themselves "claims," build themselves a cabin for the reception of their
families, and come back after the loved ones, to return to the mines about the
first of April. That region is said to be a fine farming region, with large
forests of pine timber; and the streams from the mountains clear and cold, filled
with various kinds of fish, amongst which are the speckled trout. The land can be
taken for farms, and pre-empted when it comes into market.
J. L. LOVEJOY.
P. S.-If any persons come up the River they can buy their team and outfit at
Kansas City, Lawrence or Leavenworth, and then go via Manhattan and up the Smoky
Hill, or Republican Fork. The distance from the Missouri River to the mines is
about 600 miles. It takes from four to six weeks' time to go with an ox team;
inhabitants 150 miles on the route.
SUMNER, K. T., March 4, 1859.MR. EDITOR  :-We have noticed an article going the rounds of the New England papers intended as a slur on the M. E. Church for admitting Mr. Lane to its membership. The facts are these: When Mr. Lovejoy was stationed in Lawrence, two years since, Col. Lane requested to join the class on probation, and stated his reasons publicly for so doing. He said he desired to be a Christian, and out of respect to the wishes of a dying, godly mother, who with her lips
quivering in death, requested him to seek God and become a member of the M. E.
Church, which he solemnly promised to do. Since the unfortunate affair with Col.
Jenkins [see Kansas Historical Quarterly, v. 15, pp. 386, 387], which has been
clearly shown was in self-defense, Col. Lane has professed conversion, and his
pastor, Rev. I. Dodge, formerly of the Genesee Conference, thinks lie gives full
and conclusive evidence, in his family and elsewhere, that he has "passed from
death unto life." His lady has for many years been a devoted Methodist.
per week, whilst hotel keepers will run up a bill from seven to fourteen
dollars per week, and perhaps exceed even that. If we were to pass through the
ordeal again, we would buy our own provisions, as there is plenty usually ready
cooked at the bakery, and hire lodgings, or procure a covered wagon immediately,
with blankets and mattrass, and cook our own food, and it is sufficiently
comfortable. We write this for the benefit of those who may not abound in money,
for we know a poor crushed heart, with no husband or son near to protect, who
scarce could find a privilege to spread a mattrass of her own on a filthy floor
for a dying child, and even a quarter of a dollar was charged for that privilege
on the road, when her purse was running low!
J. L. LOVEJOY.
SUMNER, K. T., April 18, 1859.BRO. HAVEN  :-. . . I have thought of late, our dear brethren with whom we have formerly associated, may think because our letters savor of "wars and rumors of wars," that we have lost ground spiritually in Kansas. This is not the case; but the past year, although it has been the hardest financially we have ever found, yet there has been, (to the praise of God we would say it,) a constant increase of grace and the fruits of the Spirit. There is far more meaning in "hard times" than the deficiency in the salaries of the "Kansas preachers" the present year, though that is not a small item. None of us were expecting this financial crash, and consequent depression of property that has ruined so many men in the West this year, who were comparatively wealthy; and some who were owing heavy debts previous to the "hard times," have been, and are still paying 50, 40, 30, &c. per cent, to save their property from a sheriff's sale. This is what has constituted the "hard times" in more than one household; but we will not particularize. The promise is sure: "All things shall work together for good to those who love the Lord." When Mr. L. filled up his receipts for Conference, he found he had received in missionary appropriation and every other item, something over $300-I cannot recollect how much. Now three hundred in Kansas will not go as far as two hundred in New England, and a preacher must run in debt and build a shelter for his family entirely on his own responsibility, unaided. We hope for "better days" in temporal matters another year. I am looking
for every boat bound down the river for the preachers, with Mr. Lovejoy,
returning from Conference at Omaha; I am anxious to learn our appointment.
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
"SYLVAN COTTAGE," May 10, 1859.FOR THE GAZETTE  :-Sumner is situated in the "Great bend" of the Missouri river, 20 miles above Leavenworth, and about 40 from Kansas city, Mo. There was but one cabin a little more than one year and a half ago, and now there are over 200 houses, and about 800 inhabitants who have homes in Sumner, though many have been leaving this Spring to engage in various pursuits on account of the scarcity of money in circulation which has seriously injured the growth and prosperity of the most promising towns in Kansas. Sumner is built on a succession of bluffs that stretch back from the river, that gives the place a peculiarly unique, (but to us pleasing) appearance. Between these bluffs, living springs gush out, forming rivulets of clear pure water, some of which are nearly as cold as ice-water. Many of the residences are perched on dizzy heights, on the verge of precipitous declivities, interspersed with forest trees, that give the town a rural and romantic aspect. "Sylvan Cottage," the spot from which we write, is situated in a quiet and secluded nook, remote from the heart of the town, on a bluff, covered with beautiful trees and shrubbery planted by the Almighty's Hand, overlooking the murky waters of the "mad Missouri," that roll more than 100 feet below, and lave its base; on whose dark bosom is borne, steam-boats of mammoth dimensions, engaged in extensive inland commerce. If any into whose hands this paper may fall, are looking Kansas-ward for a home, we most cordially invite them to give Sumner a call first, for many reasons. We know of no other locality in Kansas, (and we have become acquainted somewhat extensively) more healthy, and the citizens are a quiet, orderly people, disposed to be sympathetic and kindhearted to all. The gospel is regularly dispensed, from Sabbath to Sabbath, and Sabbath school and temperance organization are flourishing finely. There are two schools in constant operation; one taught by a lady, and the other by our estimable citizen, Rev. Daniel Foster,  who was formerly engaged as a teacher in N. E. and who also is pastor of a church. There are physicians, a drug
store, dry goods and groceries, carriage shops, one printing office, and
finally everything in that line to render the location a desirable one, save a
little more of the "circulating medium" is necessary to remove the friction in
machinery and unclog the wheels! Another inducement held out as a beacon to
beckon emigrants in this direction, is the money market, is so stringent at the
present writing in Kansas, that shares and lots in Sumner can be bought on easier
terms than heretofore, because some of the owners need to make an early sale to
procure money for other purposes.-Now is the time to make an investment in Sumner
and procure an inviting home in Kansas, the universally-acknowledged "garden of
the western world."
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
SUMNER, K. T., May 26, 1859.MR. EDITOR  :-Of all the unaccountable things that occur in these days of unaccountable things, that about the mines is to us the most inexplicable; so that we, only 600 miles therefrom, can tell nothing more reliable, on account of conflicting reports, than your readers, who are 2,000 miles away. Five different companies have left Sumner at different times, until not enough men were left to defend the garrison; (in case of an invasion, which no one expects,) two companies are still en route to the mines, as far as we know.
One party had been absent. about two weeks, and got as far as the Big Blue, and Sabbath day they drove into town, crest-fallen enough; having met so many miners returning with discouraging reports, they turned back, after expending a number of hundred dollars. Another party left Sumner a little over a week ago, with several thousand dollars, worth of goods, for Pike's Peak, and reached Grasshopper Creek, (this creek empties into the Kansas River, and that into the Missouri, about 25 miles from this place,) when one of their company, Mr. Joslin, of Waitsfield, Vt., in a high state of perspiration, went in to bathe, and sunk to rise no more! Seldom does it fall to the lot of any to chronicle a death so universally lamented; his party halted a half day to search for his body, but without effect, and then with sad hearts proceeded on their journey, sending back his clothes to Sumner by a messenger. He left town on Friday, and was drowned on the following Thursday.
When the mournful intelligence reached here, a meeting was called by the citizens, and seven men were immediately dispatched
to search still further for the remains; they raked the creek for miles with
hooks, but all in vain. The water was thought to be 15 or 20 feet deep when he
went in to bathe, and when the men reached there to look for his body, it had
fallen eight feet! So rapidly do the creeks of Kansas rise and fall.
J. L. LOVEJOY.
SYLVAN COTTAGE, SUMNER, K. T., July 5th, 1859.MESSRS. EDITORS  :-Yesterday was a gala day in this city, the immortal fourth was ushered in by the booming of cannon, and peal after peal of minute guns, that kept up one continuous colloquy with each other, striving for the highest key-note in the music, greatly to the discomfort of those who were disposed to indulge in a morning nap.-And, as though this din of firearms, from the Sumnerites, was not enough to frighten the last vision of Morpheus from the place, causing him to up-set his Lethean glass, in his flight to the hills, up comes the "Hesperean," "stars and stripes" floating gaily from her most conspicuous points, and after rounding to, gave us a deafening broad-side, that shook our frail domicile to the very foundation. Not one of the "Sumner boys" was caught napping at this unceremonious salute, but bade their spunky little howitzer to "do his best, and for once show off to good advantage," greatly to the discredit of all weak-lunged aspirants, who should hereafter assay to tread in his illustrious footsteps.
At an early hour, the people "enmasse," wended their way toward a beautiful grove, just beyond the limits of the town, where the clergymen of the place, Rev. D. Foster and C. H. Lovejoy mutually participated in the interesting exercises, which consisted in prayer, music, and oration by Rev. D. Foster.
We digress one moment. These ministers of the new Testament, thirty years ago, might have been seen trudging along with dinner basket in hand, the same road, to the same antique schoolhouse, among the hills of Hanover, N. H., to acquire the first elements of science; and who then would have predicted, that both would have been pastors of churches, in the same city, on the plains of what is now Kansas, then "the great American desert, inhabited by buffaloes and Indians?" Their religious sentiments are widely diverse, but no two brothers, of the same church, or natural brothers by consanguinity, could ever labor together in greater unanimity and harmony than they have for the year past.
The sentiments embodied in the "declaration of Independence" were the key notes of the oration, and this clause, "all men are created free and equal," was dwelt upon with peculiar stress, and tacked on to the conscience by heated nails, in the form of matter-of-fact, illustrated by scathing anecdotes. One was related about his old class-mate at Dartmouth College, a full blooded "nigger,"
and the eloquent speaker held him up before the audience so lifelike that
nigger-owners, with their families, of which there were a number on the ground,
scrambled into their carriages, and made for the highways as fast as possible,
and out of the hearing of that "ranting abolitionist."-The other clerical
gentleman, who sat directly behind me, on that rustic "stand," clapped his hands
to cheer him on as he was throwing down one obstruction after another to clog the
wheels of the pseudo-democracy of the present day, and felt "Amen," in his heart
as full and sonorous as he ever felt at a Methodist camp meeting. That "abolition
speech" will long be remembered in Sumner, for it was so full of strength and
vitality it stirred up the whole viper's nest, and curses loud were heard on
every hand. Even before it was concluded loud talking, and indeed gymnastic
exercises disturbed the decorum of the place.
The Editors of Kansas: by a lady-May they not deal too freely in "soft soap," the chief ingredient of which, is L-Y-E,-pronounced Lie!
The weather is oppressive in the extreme-thermometer has been 94°, but good breezes to temper and make it endurable. Steam boat, "Perry," came up a few days since, literally black with human beings, bound for the 'mines'-Our neighbors start in a few days"lots" of them-it is folly to start this hot weather-many are now going, who returned from there in the Spring, cursing the whole concern! Poor human "natur."
J. LOUISA LOVEJOY.
SYLVAN COTTAGE, SUMNER, K. T., July 13, 1859.BELOVED FATHER AND MOTHER:
Mr. Lovejoy returned from the P. O. about an hour ago, bringing your letter, with ten dollars in it, and I have got my crying over, sufficiently to answer it. It is now one o'clock, in the P. M. and at two, there is a female prayer-meeting appointed here, so I must hasten. I was intending to write you all, in a few days, to sell every farm, even at a sacrifice, and get ready to come to Kansas, in the fall, before land rises again, so that you cannot get hold of it, as it certainly will, another year. See my two letters in the Independent Dem. and also one in the Dover "Morning Star," all written within a few days, and you will learn my reasons. The accounts from the mines, with regard to their prolific yield, is almost fabulous, it is so astonishing, tho authenticated by those whose veracity cannot be questioned. Our neighbor, [Albert D.] Richardson, who went there, with Horace Greeley, came from there, in the Express, clear thro in seven days, and has gone on to Cincinnati, after his wife, who is there on a visit, and is going right back to the mines with his family. There are three teams fitting out today, on
our Levee, to start immediately, and the fourth may go, with an immense quantity of goods for the miners. Mr. Richardson says thousands are rushing in there daily and starvation will tread on the heels of new opening deposits, notwithstanding the tens of thousands of gold, they are taking out. I don't want any of my folks from N. E. to go there this season, to die with cholera on the road, this terrible hot weather, but I do want every man, woman, and child, that claims kin with the Hardy-family and can ride in the cars, to get ready to come here in the fall, and get themselves farms. Mr. L. can now get you 160 acres of the best land within 6 or 8 miles of the Mo. River, the best market in the U. S. at from five to 800 dollars and one year from now, twill bring thousands, instead of hundreds, there is no doubt as soon as money begins to be more plenty. It can be bought for half nearly, what it could be last year. I state these matters, for the benefit of the entire family; now all do as you please. We are now in the midst of luxuries. Now war is over forever in Kansas, she begins to show herself to advantage and excells every state in the Union, Missouri excepted. We have this year's chickens, till I am sick of them, for our table, after starving so long on corn dodgers, pancakes, and bacon, and have about an hundred more, for somebody to devour! New potatoes, green corn, shelled beans, squash, peas, cucumbers, beets, and there are blackberries, enough in the grove around our dwelling, to load a cart with, we don't doubt. Do Sarah  write immediately, and tell me how you all used to fix them so as they would keep without preserving them, as you do strawberries. I preserved so many of them last year I have now a great many left and we don't like them so. Sarah, there is not one button, or patch off of anything in my gem of a Cottage, and within less than a week, I have sent to the press at St. Louis, Cleveland, Ohio, and Baldwin City ten communications, and every thing around me, is as tidy as a Shaker-establishment nothing neglected. I killed a rattlesnake with ten rattles, near my door-step, but Dr. Haven, thinks it too unlady-like, to conquer such formidable "sarpents" so he thinks it not judicious to insert it in the "Herald." Rev. Mr. Miller, from Leavenworth City, sent here a German Missionary from Ohio, saw my paper and other writings, and came here Monday and engaged me to write for their church organ, the "Evangelical Messenger," published both in the German and English language, at Cleveland, Ohio, and for two columns, for each issue, he is to give me two dollars, and I hope I shall be able
to pick up enough to be able if I live, and all are well, to be able to start
near the first of Sept. for N. H. so as to be back to Kansas, sometime in
November if I live and I want as many as can to come back with me. Mr. Lovejoy is
a perfect child, about having me going without him, but he can't go, and says "I
may do as I please." His circuit extends fifty miles on and near the Missouri
River and work enough for a dozen men. Colby must calculate to come here and
labor with him next winter. They will feed him up to the eyes this prolific year.
There is such an immense amount of stuff raised, but if he should get a nine
pence in silver he would make a long mark, it would be so strange in the history
of a Kansas preacher! There are lots of good brethren who come from N. Y., some
from Vt. and every point of the compass. C[olby]. must first secure him a farm,
and I want to travel constantly with Mr. L. and the brethren are very anxious I
should, and C's family can live in our house in Sumner. There are three rooms
below, large enough to live in, and two above, fixed for a stove. Mr. L. is now
stretched on the floor, napping by my side and Irving is playing with Kitty. I do
wish mother could ride in the cars, for I believe father could come out here, to
take it fair and easy in the cars. When we went to Leavenworth, the other day,
how many times we wished that father could see the splendid farms, princely
residences. Corn is now 10 feet high, Mr. L. says, within two or three rods of my
writing-table. There are 20,000 people at the mines, and hosts, en route there. O
if Wilbur Heath only knew the benefit of getting a farm in Kansas now, he would
be here in six weeks. We have had awful tornadoes here, that I think I wrote
about. Mr. Bartholemew,
 is now at our door, talking, looking of
garden. he and his family came two years since from C[onnecticu]t. His home was
formerly Hartford, Ct.-lives a neighbor, to us--a very worthy man. he would not
be hired for a small sum, to leave Kansas. I have been through such awful trying
scenes, I have never got quieted down, till since the war was over, to feel at
home as much as I can. They are stealing horses almost daily throughout the
Ter[ritory]. and many of the horse thieves have been caught some of them
publickly horse-whipped, some imprisoned, and some, have had summary vengeance,
meted out to them, in the shape of a lynch-law.
our College grounds, the 19th of Aug. We design to attend. I may not write to
you again, till I start for N. H., my hands are so full. Ettie, I presume, will
accompany me. I have just learned that a gentleman of this City, Mr. Wood,
formerly of Boston, is going soon to N. E. it may be I may accompany him and not
 I'll see how soon he goes. What think you
of the war in the East?
am watching its progress with much interest for I am strongly convinced that is
plainly foretold by Ancient Seers that is the "final struggle" the great
Armageddon of the Apocalypse. We are now healthy,money is dreadful
scarce-provisions plenty- Love to all: Answer this immediately.
Wed. Eve., July 13th 1859Julia left this page blank for me to fill. Times in money matters are still hard with us, in Kansas. But the season has been good and we have the promise of an abundant harvest. There was quite a surplus last year, in some parts of the Territory, but where there was ten bushels, we judge from general appearances, there will be hundreds this year. The Winter wheat is harvested, a good crop, Oats & Spring wheat will be fit to cut in one & two weeks. It is looking fine. In some localities, the crops have been injured with several hail-storms, & wind. About ten miles from this, there is a region of country of perhaps ten miles square, the entire crop is nearly ruined. I wish you could take one round with me on my C[ircui]t. and see the almost endless fields of corn, wheat oats & potatoes; millet, hungarian grass and almost every thing of produce. Pikes Peak is not a failure-far FAR from it. See Greely's & Richardson letter. Richardson is from this town. Has just arrived here, bringing specimens of the precious metal with him. He gives most flattering reports of the success of the mines. It is doubtful when Julia will go to N. H. I would like to have her orate until next spring, & I would go with her, but cannot go before. We have some means, but it is not eas[i]ly to convert anything into money at this time. Hope to have all my temporal matters properly arranged this fall, and then I will write & let you know what I have. Father I wish you could see my garden every thing
growing luxuriously, such as Flint corn, sweet corn, Early "tucket" corn, two
kinds of pop corn, broom corn. Three kinds of Irish potatoes. We have had several
messes to eat, Sweet potatoes, Numberless kinds of squashes, pumpkins, lots of
the finest mellons which will be ready for eating the first of August, Beans,
Beats, Carrots, a fine lot of Cabbage, some with fine heads, this early, large
enough to cook, Tomatoes, any quantity of Peas, a good supply, Thirteen Apple
trees, Raspberries, (bore some this year) here and at Baldwin City, lots and lots
of them, currents, 20 sets, & Gooseberries,-Bore some this year-Three grape
vines, growing finely-A fine bed of Strawberries, Nameless other things. These
are what I have in my garden here, All enclosed in a good picket fence. A good
house nearly finished. A good stable, shed and hen-house. With a place for
retirement, when it must be attended too! But enough of this for this time.
I have a large C(ircui)t. one man with me, work enough for ten. I found local
preachers to assist me. Our membership is small, the people have generally all
they can do to live, but hope for better times. We have some precious seasons &
are labouring & hoping for an outpouring of the Holy Ghost in all the land. I
feel myself unworthy but I hope to win some souls to Christ in this far-off
western world. Did I not love the work, & feel "woe is me if I preach not the
gospel," I should have left this work long ago. My greatest "cross is" not to go
into farming in Kansas, 'tis so inviting. The will of the Lord be done. . .
C. H. LOVEJOY
P. S. I think Julia will go to N. H. about Oct. and stay till about New-Year's day. I hate to have her go without me. She may go in Sept. yet I can't tell.
SYLVAN COTTAGE, SUMNER, K. T., Sept. 26, '59MESSRS. EDITORS  : Sumner is at this time, a general hospital, and we know not one family where some of the members have not been sick or are still sick. Bilious fevers, "fever and ague," and "congestive chills," of a very dangerous character, have universally prevailed in the community-the writer of this has been sick more or less for months past, with chills and fever, and is now not able to sit up but part of the time. Four summers have proved satisfactorily that our family can never get acclimated so as to enjoy health in Kansas only in the winter. Our entire family have been sick for months past, and Mr. LOVejoy is reduced very low, though we now
think him convalescent, and will recover, if he does not have a relapse. . . .
Oh, ye who breathe the air of our own native hills! How has the weary invalid,
envied your position for months past! When I have read the refreshing letters in
the Democrat, from the White Mts. from that gem of New England Lakes,
Winnipissiogee, and from the high regions, on the Penobscot River, and thought of
your refreshing breezes, your cooling streams, amongst the mountains; oh, how we
have longed to bathe our fevered brow and throbbing temples in those little
rivulets that issue from the mountain-side, as in days of yore, or sit on the
mossy bank and watch its ripplings over its pebbly bed, and not start with fear
at every rustling leaf or moving spire of grass, lest a deadly serpent might be
concealed beneath! Only one week ago we stopped to pick up (near our residence)
some shavings where shingles had been made, and took up a serpent in our arms-a
copperhead, we thought at a glance, but it escaped. Last May, the writer of this
killed a monster of a rattlesnake, near our door-step, with ten rattles and a
button, making it eleven years old.-No one else was on the premises at the time,
but our little four-year-old boy.
the States, and we receive but $100 the present year, and no prospect of
receiving any more, unless the Lord opens the hearts of some of our good brethren
in the East to make some small remittances.
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
SYLVAN COTTAGE, SUMNER, K. T., Oct. 6, 1859.MR. EDITOR  :-We some time since received a refreshing letter from New Bedford, Mass., with the initials "C. P. H." appended thereto, and our prayer is, "that God will abundantly bless the writer," (whoever it may be,) and when our appointed task on earth is finished, bring our glorified spirits to enjoy the rest of the "faithful over a few things," according to his own promise. We had fondly hoped that the ushering in of the first autumnal month would find us in the dear old paternal mansion where our eyes first beheld the light of day; but when our plans were all matured, a merciless despot, (with whose absolute power of control over us we had been contending for weeks, and vainly endeavoring to curtail his authority "to rule uncontrolled by foreign interference," or propitiate his favor by any "nostrum," we have found in searching through the labyrinths of the whole "Materia Medica" (of patent medicines,) including even "quinine" which is the summum bonum, or one of the indispensables in Kansas life) seized us with relentless grasp in his trembling arms, and the experience of a convalescent can alone express the relief obtained when a compromise was effected, and a pledge given to "suspend hostilities for a season," on condition "that every" minutia in the "pacification measures" should be daily and "strictly adhered to." The suffering subjects of this ubiquitous tyrant, with shaking limbs and livid countenances, might have been, or may still be seen, in almost every dwelling in Sumner, or thread
ing our streets, with the thermometer in the neighborhood of 90 deg.,
shivering as in mid-winter, or groups at the door of some druggist, discussing
the merits of a "new and certain cure for fever and ague."-"The great secret out
at last."-Ho! ye afflicted ones, give attention, as we rehearse its wondrous
merit!-"Ward's telegraph tonic, warranted to cure," but to the dismay of the
retailer, the patient still shakes on!
preachers on this district are now sick, but the work does not stop in
consequence thereof. In this extensive field of labor, embracing an area of fifty
miles, Mr. L's. colleague, aided by the local ministry, is still "pressing the
battle to the gate," and another series of meetings commences tomorrow on
"Independence Creek," settled mostly by Pennsylvanians. A beautiful church has
been completed and dedicated at Atchison, four miles from Sumner, that will
compare in taste and finish, favorably with most country churches in New England,
and also one of brick, that will soon be completed at Leavenworth, in which the
next session of our Conference is to be holden, in the official appointment says,
"April," but the preachers hope to have the session some time in March. Would not
it be a refreshing relief from the every-day drudgery of the editorial sanctum to
take a three day's excursion at that time, as the cars will run to Atchison,
within 24 miles of Leavenworth; recently a. man came from Boston to Lawrence, K.
T., in four days.
"Express," every coach is full, and come into Atchison now weekly, returning
to spend the winter. Fifty-five thousand dollars was brought by "Express," to
Atchison the last two trips. Crops of various kinds are coming in very heavy, but
money is so very scarce that times are hard notwithstanding, and property
JULIA L. LOVEJOY
[November 24, 1859.]
freedom's champion is suspended in mid-air. We did not intend an eulogy on any
of the condemned men. A certain judge in Kansas will have occasion to remember
Kagi for many a year! Realf, too, we think, was among the victims; a fine writer
both of prose and poetry. We intended to have given some incidents of families in
Sumner upon whom the hard times are operating distressingly, who must suffer for
food of the plainest kind the coming winter, owing to the scarcity of money,
though crops have come in bountifully.
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
SUMNER, Dec. 1, 1859.The late panic at Harper's Ferry is but the introduction or preface to the first chapter, the finis of which will be like the reign of terror in France, when floods of blood rolled through the streets; we awfully fear, but do not predict this, for we claim not the character of a prophetess, or a lineal descendant in that line. May God preserve his own who flee to him for refuge, from the gathering storm that will ere long burst upon our devoted land. 
J. L. LOVEJOY
SUMNER, KANSAS, Dec. 2, 1859.MR. EDITOR  : . . . As an individual member of the M. E. Church, I would throw every energy of an ardent, impassioned nature into one petition to the next General Conference, soon to be assembled in Buffalo, New York, and that petition should be for the slave's sake, for the church's sake, aye, for Christ's sake, regard our prayers, and let the M. E. Church throughout her length and breadth, be now and forever purified from the plague spot of oppression, the sin of American slavery. Tell us not, sir, that we are insane, Brown-like on this subject, and have only one all-absorbing monomaniacal idea. You, Mr. Editor, and those who like yourself (we say it with great deference) who plead "no change in the rule on the slavery question," need only for one year to see what we have seen, and feel what we have felt for well nigh five years in Kansas life, and you too would join in our prayer in struggling against and contending with a spirit that cherished and patronized this accursed system. The plural "we," embraces the entire noble band who have unflinchingly and manfully faced danger and scorned emoluments tendered by a foul administration where principle was concerned. We hate slavery and its bitter fruits with an undying hatred, and we have no doubt but that there will be a strong voice uttered by the Kansas delegates for a change in the rule. Of course, we have no authority to make this statement, but our individual belief, and could each member of the M. E. Church in Kansas have the privilege of expressing his sentiments next May, there would be one continuous voice, louder than the thunders of Luther, that shook the Vatican at Rome, and made Pope Leo X tremble on his impious seat, crying, "Change the rule, and hereafter no slaveholding be allowed in the M. E. Church." In vain would our enemies answer back, "Silence that cannonading." . . .
MRS. J. L. LOVEJOY.
SYLVAN COTTAGE, SUMNER, KANSAS, Dec. 9 .DEAR BRO. WEBER  :-. . . We have seen "hard times," we have been foolish enough to think, in the early morn of our itinerating from place to place to cultivate "Immanuel's ground," receiving one year only forty dollars, all told, as our annual salary, and another year only two hundred dollars, but either of those years would not compare with the present in "trials of our faith." Mr. Lovejoy has been sick since July, and when we began to be encouraged that the power of the disease was broken and he would speedily recover, our hopes were all frustrated, when day before
yesterday he lay stupid with the "dumb ague," which is far harder to cure than
the "shaking ague," our little boy having had it five months, and no medicine
favorably affected the disorder.
JULIA L. LOVEJOY.
104. The Central Christian Advocate, St.