The Prairie Traveler by Randolph Barnes Marcy, Captain, U.S.A.


X.--From Lawson's Meadows, on the Humboldt River,
to Fort Reading, via Rogue River Valley, Fort Lane,
Oregon Territory, Yreka, and Fort Jones.


          Lawson's Meadows to
 18 1/2.  Mountain Spring.-Road leaves the Humboldt, and takes
            a northwesterly course 12 miles to a spring of good
            water. Good bunch-grass to the left of the road, and
            a small spring at the camp. The road is plain on
            leaving the river, but after a few days it becomes
            faint. Road from this point passes over a desert
            country for about 60 miles, without good water or
            much grass.

 38 1/2.  Black Rock Spring.-Road level and hard, with little
            vegetation. In 14 miles pass springs, but the water
            is not good. In 16 miles the road passes a slough
            which is difficult to cross; water not good, but can
            be given to cattle in small quantities. In five miles
            from this the road passes Black Rock, mentioned by
            Colonel Fremont in his trip from Columbia River in
            1843-4. Three miles farther pass boiling springs,
            very hot, but good cooled. Grass pretty good.

 20 1/4.  Mountain Rill.-Water good; bunch-grass in the vicinity.
            In eight miles' travel the road passes a beautiful
            creek of pure water, with good grass.

  5 3/4.  Lake (Marshy).

 10 1/2.  High Rock Canon.-This canon is 25 miles long, with
            wild and curious scenery. Road crosses the creek
            frequently, and the mud is bad. In the autumn the
            road is good.

 14 3/4.  High Rock Canon.

          Small Creek.-Beautiful country, with the greatest
            abundance of water and grass; also fuel.

 25 1/4.  Pine Grove Creek.-Road passes over an interesting
            country, well supplied with wood, water, and grass,
            and passes around the south end of a salt lake.

 18 1/2.  West Slope of Sierra.-Road passes over the mountain
             which is steep but not rocky, then descends to a
             small creek of good water which runs into Goose
             Lake. Good grass and fuel. Look out for the Indians,
             as they are warlike and treacherous here.

  7 3/4.  East shore of Goose Lake.-Excellent camp.

 16 1/4.  West shore of Goose Lake.-This is a beautiful sheet of
            fresh water; great quantities of water-fowl resort to
            this lake.

 16 1/4.  Slough Springs.-The road passes over a very rocky
            divide, covered with loose volcanic debris, very hard
            for animals, and wearing to their feet. They should
            be well shod before attempting the passage.

 18 1/2.  Marshy Lake.-Road difficult for wagons.

 15.      Clear Lake.-Beautiful lake of pure water, with good
            grass around its shore.

 25 1/4.  East shore of Rhett's Lake.-Road tolerable over a
            rolling, rocky country, between lakes. The road
            crosses Lost River over a natural bridge, on a solid,
            smooth ledge of rock.

 19.      West shore of Rhett's Lake.-Plenty of wood, water, and
            grass along this road.

 21.      Klamath River.-Road leaves Rhett's Lake, and enters the
            forest and mountains; tolerably good. Good camp.

 15 1/4.  Cascade Mountains.-The road passes over high mountains,
            through lofty pine-trees. Camp is at Summit Meadows.
            Good water and grass, also fuel.

 14 1/4.  Western slope of Cascade Mountains.-Rough roads.

 19 1/4.  Rogue River Valley.-Road descends into the settlements
            in six miles, where there is a lovely fertile valley,
            well settled with farmers.

 23 3/4.  Fort Lane.-Near "Table Rock," on Rogue River, eight
            miles from Jacksonville. Dragoon post.

 22 3/4.  Rogue River Valley.-Good camp.

 18.      Siskiyou Mountains.-Road crosses the Siskiyou
            Mountains, and is difficult for wagons.

 18.      Yreka.-Flourishing mining city.

 18.      Fort Jones.-Infantry post, in Scott's Valley.

 20.      Scott's Mountain.-Good camp at the foot of the
            mountain. Road passes over the mountains, but is
            impassable for wagons.

 90.      Shasta City.-Good grass, wood, and water.

180.      Sacramento City.

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