KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


TERRITORIAL HISTORY, Part 11

[TOC] [part 12] [part 10] [Cutler's History]

THE ELECTION, MARCH 30, 1855 (Part 2).

ELECTION BY REPRESENTATIVE DISTRICTS - MARCH 30, 1855.
======================================================
Number of Representative District: 1.
Election Districts, or parts comprised: 14, 17:
Voters in District by Census: 97.
Number of Representatives: 1.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: A. S. Johnson

Votes in each Election District: District 14, 77; District 17, 43. Total Vote: 120.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: A. F. Powell

Votes in each Election District: District 14, 3; District 17, 16. Total Vote: 19. Scattering Votes: 3. Total Votes cast in Each District: 142. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 74. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 68. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative Districts: 2. Election Districts: 1. Voters in District by Census: 369. Number of Representatives: 3.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: James Whitlock J. M. Banks A. B. Wade

Votes in each Election District: 318. Total Vote: 318.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: John Hutchinson E. D. Ladd P. P. Fowler

Votes in each Election District: 253 Total Vote: 253. Scattering Votes: 10. Total Votes cast in Each District: 1044. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 232. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 812. Number of Representative Elected by Illegal Votes: 3. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative Districts: 3. Election District: 2. Voters in District by Census: 212. Number of Representatives: 2.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: G. W. Ard O. H. Brown

Votes in each Election District: 318. Total Vote: 318.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: Isaac Davis E. G. Macy

Votes in each Election District: 12. Total Vote: 12. Scattering Votes: 11. Total Votes cast in Each District: 341. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 25. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 316. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: 2. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative Districts: 4. Election District: 3. Voters in district by Census: 101. Number of Representatives: 1.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: D. L. Croysdale

Votes in each Election District: 377. Total Vote: 366.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: C. K. Holliday

Votes in each Election District: 4. Total vote: 4. Scattering Votes: 1. Total Votes cast in Each District: 371. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 32. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 308. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: 1. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 5. Election Districts or parts comprised: 7, 8. Voters in District by Census: 92. Number of Representatives: 1.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE:

M. W. McGee

Votes in each Election District: District 7, 210; District 8, 12. Total Vote: 222.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: H. Rice A. J. Baker

Votes in each Election District: District 7, 23; District 8, 26. Total Vote: 49. Scattering Votes: 2. Total Votes cast in Each District: 273. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 62. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 211. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 6. Election District: 6. Voters in District by Census: 253. Number of Representatives: 2.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: Joseph C. Anderson S. A. Williams

Votes in each Election District: 315. Total Vote: 315.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: John Hamilton William Margraves

Votes in each Election District: 35. Total Vote: 35. Scattering Vote: 0. Total Votes cast in Each District: 350. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 100. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 250. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 7. Election District: 5. Voters in District by Census: 442. Number of Representatives: 4.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: W. A. Haskall A. Wilkinson H. Younger Samuel Scott

Votes in each Election District: 684. Total Vote: 684.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: John Serpel Adam Pore S. H. Houser William Jennings

Votes in each Election District: 152. Total Vote: 152. Scattering Votes: 17. Total Votes cast in Each District: 853. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 224. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 629. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: 4. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative Districts: 8. Election Districts, or parts comprised: 9, 10. Voters in District by Census: 99. Number of Representatives: 1.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: Russell Garrett

Votes in each Election District: District 9, 18; District 10, 23. Total Vote: 41.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: S. D. Houston

Votes in each Election District: District 9, 56; District 10, 64. Total Vote: 120. Scattering Vote: 6. Total Votes Cast in Each District: 167. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 156. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 11. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: 1. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 9. Election Districts, or parts comprised: 11, 12. Voters in District by Census: 102. Number of Representatives: 1.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE William H. Tibbs

Votes in each Election District: 237. Total Vote: 237.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE C. Hard

Votes in each Election District: 3. Total Vote: 3. Scattering Vote: 0. Total Votes cast in Each District: 240. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 12. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 228. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: 1. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 11. Election Districts, or parts comprised: 14, 18. Voters in District by Census: District 14, 0; District 18, 28. Number of Representatives: 2.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE J. H. Stringfellow R. L. Kirk Votes in each Election District: District 14, 370; District 18, 50. Total Vote: 420.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE G. A. Cutler John Landis

Votes in each Election District: District 14, 15; District 18, 39. Total Vote: 54. Scattering Votes: 6. Total Vote case in Each District: 480. Number of Legal Votes Cast: Blank. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: Blank. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 12. Election District: 14. Voters in District by Census: 215. Number of Representatives: 2.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE J. P. Blair T. W. Watterson

Votes in each Election District: 258. Total Vote: 258.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: Joel Ryan John Fee

Votes in each Election District: 2. Total Vote: 2. Scattering Votes: 0. Total Votes cast in Each District: 260. Number of Legal votes Cast: Blank. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: Blank. Number of Representative Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative District: 13. Election District: 15. Voters in District by Census: 208. Number of Representatives: 2.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: H. B. C. Harris J. Weddel

Votes in each Election District: 412. Total Vote: 412.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE None

Votes in each Election District: 0. Total Vote: 0. Scattering Votes: 0. Total Votes cast in each District: 412. Number of Legal Votes Cast: Blank. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: Blank. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ----------------------------------------------------------

Number of Representative Districts: 14. Election District: 16. Voters in District by Census: 385. Number of Representatives: 2.

PRO-SLAVERY CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: H. B. McMeeken Archy Payne W. G. Mathias

Votes in each Election District: 897. Total Vote: 897.

FREE STATE CANDIDATE FOR REPRESENTATIVE: Felix G. Braden Samuel France F. Browning

Votes in each Election District: 59. Total Vote: 59. Scattering Votes: 0. Total votes cast in Each District: 956. Number of Legal Votes Cast: 150. Number of Illegal Votes Cast: 906. Number of Representatives Elected by Illegal Votes: Blank. ==========================================================

RETURNS OF ELECTION, BY ELECTION DISTRICTS, MARCH 30, 1855.
=============================================================
# of    PRECINCT.     Pro-Slavery  Free State   Scatter-   
Dist.                 Votes.       Votes.       ing.   Total.
-------------------------------------------------------------
 1 Lawrence...........    781         253                1034 
 2 Bloomington........    318          12         11      341 
 3 Stinson's or        
   Tecumseh...........    366           4          2      372
 4 Dr. Chapman's......     78           2                  80
 5 Bull Creek.........    377           9                 386
 5 Pottawatomie.......    199          65                 264
 5 Big Sugar Creek....     74          17          7       98
 5 Little Sugar Creek.     34          70                 104
 6 Fort Scott.........    315          35                 350  
 7 Isaac B. Tutus.....    211          23                 234
 8 Council Grove......     17          17                  37
 9 Pawnee.............     23          52                  75 
10 Big Blue...........     27          42                  69
10 Rock Creek.........      2          21                  23
11 Marysville.........    328                             328 
12 St. Mary's.........      4           7                  11 
12 Silver Lake........     12          19          2       33
13 Hickory Point......    233           6                 239
14 Doniphan...........    313          30          3      346  
14 Wolf Creek.........     57          15          6       78
14 Burr Oak...........    256           2         48      306 
15 Hayes..............    412                      5      417 
16 Leavenworth........    899          60          5      964
17 Gum Springs........     43          16                  59
18 Moorestown.........     48          14                  62 
                      ---------------------------------------
      Total...........   3427         791         89     6307
--------------------------------------------------------Cont.
================================================================
# of                     Total   Total        Census 1855.
Dist.   PRECINCT.        Legal   Illegal  ======================
                         Votes.  Votes.   Voters       Residents
----------------------------------------------------------------
 1 Lawrence...........   232      802        369             962
 2 Bloomington........    30      316        199             519 
 3 Stinson's or          
   Tecumseh...........    32      338        101             282 
 4 Dr. Chapman's......    15       65         47             177
 5 Bull Creek.........    13      380}
 5 Pottawatomie.......    75      191}
 5 Big Sugar Creek....    32       59}       442            1407
 5 Little Sugar Creek.   104         }
 6 Fort Scott.........   100      250        253             810
 7 Isaac B. Tutus.....    25      209         53             118
 8 Council Grove......    37                  39              83
 9 Pawnee.............    75                  36              86
10 Big Blue...........    48       21}
10 Rock Creek.........    23         }        63             151
11 Marysville.........     7      321         24              36
12 St. Mary's.........    11
12 Silver Lake........    33                  78             144
13 Hickory Point......    12      230         96             284
14 Doniphan...........}
14 Wolf Creek.........}  200      530        334            1167
14 Burr Oak...........}
15 Hayes..............    80      337        208             873
16 Leavenworth........   150      814        385            1183
17 Gum Springs........    59                  50             150
18 Moorestown.........    17       45         28              99
                       -----------------------------------------
      Total...........  1410     4908       2905            8601
----------------------------------------------------------------

The general facts concerning the Missouri invasion of the ballot boxes at the election were known throughout Kansas from the day after the election, and all through the country as soon as the mails could carry the letters of indignant or exultant correspondents to the Northern and Southern newspapers. The Free-state men of Kansas were indignant to a degree that found no expression in words. The Pro-slavery residents, with their allies over the Missouri border, in their joy at the result, acknowledged the outrages with an abandoned frankness which showed that they considered it a fair victory, fairly won. There was no attempt to hide the truth. The Missourians had gone over to the various precincts in Kansas in overwhelming numbers, and elected a Pro-slavery Legislature - they were proud of the achievement, gloried in it, and took great pains to boast of it.

The Leavenworth Herald, April 6, headed its election returns with the following:

"ALL HAIL"
Pro-slavery Party Victorious.
WE HAVE MET THE ENEMY AND THEY ARE OURS.
Venie, Vidi, Vici!
FREE WHITE STATE PARTY USED UP.

The triumph of the Pro-slavery party is complete and overwhelming.

Come on, Southern men; bring your slaves and fill up the Territory. Kansas is saved! Abolitionism is rebuked, her fortress stormed, her flag is dragging in the dust. The tri-colored platform has fallen with a crash, the rotten timbers of its structure were not sufficient to sustain the small fragments of the party. Kansas has proved herself to be S. G. Q.

In commenting on the election at the Leavenworth Precinct, it says:

The election passed off quietly, without the slightest disturbance. There were on the grounds from twelve to fifteen hundred persons. No man can say he was crowded from the polls. Our opponents are chop-fallen; they look most dolefully, talk most hopelessly, and feel, no doubt, awfully bad.

The Platte Argus (Missouri), in its next issue following the election, said:

It is to be admitted that they, the Missourians, have conquered Kansas. Our advice is let them hold it, or die in the attempt.

The Parkville Luminary, published in Platte County, Mo., ventured, in a mild way, to protest against the mode of carrying the election, and in favor of the rights of the Free-soil settlers. One week after, April 14, a mob destroyed its office and press, and forced the editors, Messrs. Park & Patterson, to flee for their lives.

The feeling throughout the Northern and Eastern States was that of intense, indignant excitement. The following extract from a long editorial in the New York Tribune of April 19, shows the general sentiment of the press:

THE RISING CLOUD.

The great battle between Freedom and Slavery is gradually approaching. Yet the country is everywhere quiet, and the public tranquillity undisturbed. Not even the distant rumble of the tempest is heard. The little cloud that denotes it hovers only over a handful of people in the far West. In Kansas alone exists the speck that foreshadows the coming storm. Kansas have been invaded by slavery. It is threatened with the unending curses of that institution. A country large enough for a kingdom is there to be wrested from the possession of the free States and blackened with African bondage. The impudence of this attempt is only paralleled by its atrocity. If it is successful, and if a House of Representatives can ever be found that will consent to consummate the deed, the people of the free States will have fallen into a condition so degraded that earth might well open and swallow the pretenders to manhood. They will stain the ground whereon they tread, and deserve no better fate than the chains and fetters that bind the black race in the South. If a man can be found in the free States to counsel a surrender of Kansas to the slave power now, or at any period, he is a coward and a slave in soul. That power has entered upon a career of subjugation and conquest. The free Territories of this Union are the possessions, it covets, and it has marshaled its forces and armed its mercenary hosts to conquer them. The battle is begun.

[TOC] [part 12] [part 10] [Cutler's History]