William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


[TOC] [part 15] [part 13] [Cutler's History]


After the numerous guerrilla raids of 1863, under Coffey and Rains and Quantrell, culminated in the terrible massacre at Lawrence, Gov. Carney immediately commissioned Col. C. R. Jennison to recruit a regiment of cavalry for the express purpose of protecting the eastern border of Kansas. Rendezvous was established at Leavenworth, and in a month the required companies were raised, and the regiment organized under the following officers:

Field and Staff. - Colonel, Charles R. Jennison, Leavenworth; Lieutenant Colonel, George H. Hoyt, Boston. Mass.; Major, Robert H. Hunt, Leavenworth; Adjutant, Joseph Mackle; Quartermaster, George W. Carpenter; Surgeon, Augustus E. Denning, Topeka; Chaplain, Benjamin L. Read, Leavenworth.

Line Officers. - Company A, Captain, John A. Wanless, Shawnee; First Lieutenant, James Wilson, Johnson County; Second Lieutenant, David W. Wallingford, Leavenworth. Company B, Captain, John L. Thompson; First Lieutenant, John Murphy; Second Lieutenant, David J. M. Wood. Company C, Captain, B. F. Simpson; First Lieutenant, J. H. Phillips; Second Lieutenant, Jason Smith. Company D, Captain, Tyrus J. Hurd, Allen County; First Lieutenant, Abraham Ellis, New Lancaster; Second Lieutenant, Leroy J. Beam, Clinton. Company E, Captain, Curtiss Johnson; First Lieutenant, John T Smith, Quindaro; Second Lieutenant, William H. Bisbey. Company F, Captain, Orren A. Curtis, Topeka; First Lieutenant, Thomas J. Bragg; and Second Lieutenant, Robert F. Bowman, both of Kickapoo. Company G, Captain, Charles O. Smith, Topeka; First Lieutenant, Francis M. Hall; Second Lieutenant, Henry L. Barker, Emporia. Company H, Captain, Oscar F. Dunlap, Topeka; First Lieutenant, Reeder M. Fish; Second Lieutenant, Francis E. Smith, Cottonwood Falls. Company I, Captain, Samuel W. Greer; First Lieutenant, Stutely S. Nichols; and Second Lieutenant, William H. Morris, all of Leavenworth. Company K, Captain, Joseph B. Swain; First Lieutenant, George W. Roberts, Olathe; Second Lieutenant, John H. Roberts. Company L, Captain, Dick D. Rooks, Burlingame; First Lieutenant, Alonzo Donovan, DeSoto; Second Lieutenant, Orloff Norton, Leroy. Company M, Captain, Edward B. Metz, Mound City; First Lieutenant, Emmett Goss, Kansas City; Second Lieutenant, William A. Johnson, Garnett.

The consolidated Company B, of the Fifteenth was organized as follows: New Company B, Captain, Livingston G. Parker, Livingston, Iowa; First Lieutenant, Henry N. Dunlap; and Second Lieutenant, William F. Goble, both of Leavenworth.

Company C was assigned to duty near Independence, Mo., and the remainder of the regiment went into camp near Fort Leavenworth, where it remained until November, when two companies were assigned to duty in Leavenworth City; one company was sent to Paola, another to Fort Scott, and the remainder were finally distributed along the posts on the east line of the State.

Col. Jennison was placed in command at Fort Leavenworth, soon after the organization of the regiment and remained at that post until August, 1864, when he was ordered to Mound City to take charge of the first sub-district of Southern Kansas; his regiment not being concentrated at any one point until the invasion of Missouri by Gen. Price in October, 1864, when it formed a part of the First Brigade, Col. Jennison commanding, First Division of the Army of the Border. Its record during the 'Price raid,' is given in the history of that important military movement.


Company B - John E. Mitchell, Leavenworth, died of wounds received at Little Blue, Mo., October 22, 1864.

Company D - Killed at Westport, Mo., October 23, 1864, Sergt. Robert C. Campbell, Big Springs.

Company E - Died of wounds received at Big Blue, Mo., October 22, 1864, James W. Cobine, John Longbone and Joseph Shorter, of Wyandotte; at Westport, October 23, 1864, Sergt. John Kannally, Wyandotte.

Company G - Killed at Westport, Franklin Farguson, Little Stranger; at Little Blue, John M. Campbell, Greenwood.

Company K - Killed at Little Blue, Thomas Forley, Olathe.

Company L - Killed at Little Blue, George Thompson, Leavenworth; by guerrillas, Capt. Orloff Norton, LeRoy; at Cane Hill, Ark., Nov. 11, 1864, Corp. William J. Wallace, Topeka.

Company M - Killed by guerrillas, November 12, 1864, near Cane Hill, Ark., Lieut. Emmett Goss, Kansas City; George A. Ashmore, Lawrence.


This regiment was also organized during the later period of the war; and, except an expedition to the plains, in pursuit of hostile Indians, and the active and honorable part which it performed during the so-called 'Price raid,' it had during its term of service, no opportunity to perform other than the ordinary routine military duty, which, however well and conscientiously done, gives little for the historian to recount. The following were the officers of the Sixteenth Kansas Cavalry:

Field and Staff. - Colonel, Werter R. Davis, Baldwin City; Lieutenant Colonel, Samuel Walker, Lawrence; Major, James A. Price, and Adjutant, Phillip Doppler, both of Weston, Mo.; Quartermaster, William B. Halyard; Surgeon, James P. Erickson; Chaplain, Thomas J. Ferril, Baldwin City.

Line Officers. Company A, Captain, Nathan Ames, Ottawa; First Lieutenant, Alexander Montgomery, Leavenworth; Second Lieutenant, Alfred Thornburgh, Ottawa; Company B, Captain, Albert S. W. Knapper, Leavenworth; First Lieutenant, McGinly M. Neely, Topeka; Second Lieutenant, John K. Wright, Leavenworth; Company C, Captain, Shubial P. Thompson, Topeka; First Lieutenant, James W. Hendrix, Ohio City; Second Lieutenant, William R. Lamdin; Company D, Captain, John Kendall, and First Lieutenant, Henry T. Smith, both of Leavenworth; Second Lieutenant, Silas Dexter, Junction City. Company E, Captain, William J. Fitzgerald, Ridgely, Mo.; First Lieutenant, Charles Guenther, Weston, Mo.; Second Lieutenant, Esculapius Buckmaster, Leavenworth. Company F, Captain, Adoniram J. Miller, Ohio City; First Lieutenant, Hiram Malotte, Parkville, Mo.; Second Lieutenant, Jeremiah H. Malcomb, Grant, Davis County. Company G, Captain, John W. Hall, Baldwin City; First Lieutenant, Jacob H. Cassidy, Stranger; Second Lieutenant, Euphratus Shepherd, Baldwin City. Company H, Captain, H. W. Stubblefield, Elizabethtown; First Lieutenant, Wesley T. Smith, Mound City; Second Lieutenant, David J. Keller, Leavenworth County. Company I, Captain, Absalom Hyde; First Lieutenant, George Barricklow; Second Lieutenant, Charles Byer, Leavenworth. Company K, Captain, Nathaniel C. Credit, Prairie City; First Lieutenant, Michael C. Clary, Wyandotte; Second Lieutenant, John S. Edie, Prairie City. Company L, Captain, William B. Tompkins, Ohio City; First Lieutenant, George Wolf, Clinton; Second Lieutenant, Ira G. Robertson, Leavenworth. Company M, Captain, Thomas Hughes; First Lieutenant, Thomas Flanagan; Second Lieutenant, Samuel P. Curtis, all of Leavenworth.


Company D - Killed at Lexington, Mo., October 19, 1864, Meipsis Killough, Leavenworth.

Company E - Killed by guerrillas, Thomas H. Bailey, Ridgely, Mo. By Indians at Powder River, M. T., William P. Long, Gentry County, Mo.

Company F - Killed at Newtonia, Mo., October 28, 1864, Winfield S. Smith, Fontana; by guerrillas in Missouri, Corp. William McKinley, Neosho Rapids and Isaac Brink, Parkville, Mo.


In response to the President's call of April 23, 1864, for troops to serve for one hundred days, five companies were recruited in Kansas and organized into a battalion, which, on the 28th of July, was mustered into Service at Fort Leavenworth, under the following officers:

Field and Staff. - Lieutenant Colonel, Samuel A. Drake, Adjutant, D. C. Strandridge, Quartermaster, B. D. Evans, and Assistant Surgeon, George E. Buddington, all of Leavenworth.

Line Officers. - Company A, Captain, John W. Murphy, First Lieutenant, George De Lanno, Second Lieutenant, James Kelsey, all of Leavenworth. Company B, Captain, William C. Barnes, First Lieutenant, Isaac W. Houts, Second Lieutenant, Thomas G. Peppard, all of Oskaloosa. Company C, First Lieutenant, Asa R. Bancroft, Emporia; Second Lieutenant, Mincher Condray, Manhattan. Company D ,Captain, Richard D. Mobley, Junction City; First Lieutenant, Mason M. Hovey, Topeka; Second Lieutenant, Albion H. Whitcomb, Atchison. Company E, Captain, Herbert Robinson, First Lieutenant, Perry G. Noel, Second Lieutenant, John T. McKown, all of Leavenworth.

The Seventeenth was for a short time employed in garrison duty at Fort Leavenworth, but was soon divided, detachments being ordered to Fort Riley, Cottonwood Falls and Lawrence. In September, the battalion was ordered to Paola, Lieut. Col. Drake being placed in command of the post. The subsequent movements of the battalion were in connection with the invasion of Gen. Price in October, 1864.


In June, 1863, Gen. Blunt was appointed by the War Department Commissioner for recruiting the Second Colored Regiment in Kansas. The companies were raised during the summer by the several recruiting officers, under the superintendence of Maj. T. J. Anderson, and in the latter part of October were organized as a regiment at Fort Smith, Ark., under the following officers:

Field and Staff. - Colonel, Samuel J. Crawford, Garnett; Lieutenant Colonel, Horatio Knowles; Major, James H. Gillpatrick, Junction City; Adjutant, John R. Montgomery, Little Rock, Ark.; Quartermaster, Edwin Stokes, Clinton; Surgeon, George W. Walgamott, Lawrence; Chaplain, Josiah B. McAffee, Topeka.

Line Officers. - Company A, Captain, Samuel Sanders, and First Lieutenant, Ralph E. Cook, both of Olathe; Second Lieutenant, Charles Scofield, Paola. Company B, Captain, Richard J. Hinton, Washington, D. C.; First Lieutenant, John M. Cain, Atchison; Second Lieutenant, James M. Trant, Troy. Company C, Captain, James A. Soward, First Lieutenant, John E. Hays, Second Lieutenant, Thomas Adair, all of Olathe. Company D, Captain, Frank Kister, Marysville; First Lieutenant, Reuben F. Playford, Burlingame; Second Lieutenant, William M Mercer, Washington. Company E, Captain, George W Sands, Hartford; First Lieutenant, Henry De Villiers, Nevada City, Mo., Second Lieutenant, William J. Brewer. Company F, Captain, James Adams, Lawrence; First Lieutenant, Samuel Kaiserman, Second Lieutenant Isaiah Nichols, Stanton. Company G, Captain, Ebenezer H. Curtiss; First Lieutenant, David E. Westervelt; Second Lieutenant, George E Hutchingson, Lawrence. Company H, Captain, Alexander Rush; First Lieutenant Orlando S. Bartlett, Wyandotte; Second Lieutenant, Daniel K. Hardin. Company I, Captain, James L Rafety, Leavenworth; First Lieutenant, Marcus F. Gillpatrick, Auburn; Second Lieutenant, Harry C. Chase, Paola. Company K, Captain, John Branson, La Clede, Mo.; First Lieutenant, William G. White, Leavenworth; Second Lieutenant, Jesse Buckman, Linneus, Mo.

The regiment went into camp on the Poteau River, near Fort Smith, and, after the requisite amount of military drill and discipline, was employed in the ordinary duties required of the troops that were engaged in frontier service - escorting trains from one post to another; scouting through the forests and among the mountain passes; guarding outposts; performing garrison duty; doing anything and everything that would secure the safety of home and the loved ones left there.

With the Army of the Frontier, the Second Colored bore its part faithfully and honorably in the hardships of the march and the perils of the engagements that made up the experience of the Union troops, from the time of leaving Fort Smith on the Camden expedition, until they arrived at that place on the 16th of April. During the brief occupation of Camden by Gen. Steele's forces, the regiment was employed on picket and forage duty, and when that commander, warned by the massacres at Poison Springs and Mark's Mills, hastily evacuated the city on the morning of the 27th, and, crossing the Washita, commenced the fearful retreat to Little Rock, with the rest, it struggled over the miry roads, through the drenching rains, and on the morning of the 30th arrived at the crossing of the Saline. All night the hungry men had been working to get the pontoons laid, and part of the army was already across the river when the rebels, led by Kirby Smith in person, attacked the rear brigades, commanded by Cols. Engelman and S. A. Rice, Brig. Gen. Rice being in immediate command. Col. Crawford, of the Second Colored, had just arrived at the bank of the Saline when the assault was made on the rear, and immediately hastened with his regiment to the support of the sorely pressed troops. The Thirty-third Iowa had given way, and the Fifteenth Indiana, which had been brought up to support it, was likely to share its fate, when Gen. Rice, convinced of the reliability of the colored troops by the unswerving faith of their own commander, ordered them to its relief. When the last and most desperate attack of the enemy was made on our left, held by the Thirty-third Iowa, and the regiment, with ammunition nearly exhausted had fallen back, the colored regiment made its gallant charge upon the rebel battery. The only battery our troops had on the field was useless, and when the rebels planted their own in the face of his regiment, Col. Crawford gained a reluctant consent from the commanding General that his regiment might charge the battery, when heavy cheering on the left should indicate that victory was ours. Wild cheers were indeed soon heard, but they came from the exultant rebels, who had turned the left and driven it back, until their own, victory seemed assured. At this crisis, the colored regiment moved with fixed bayonets straight over the open field for 800 yards, and with the determination of veterans, the enthusiasm of patriots, and their blood boiling with the remembrance of the wrongs and outrages their comrades had so lately suffered, they never wavered until the battery was won. Seventy of the regiment were killed in the charge; among the number, Capt. Alexander Rush, of Company H, whose men seized the battery and dragged it from the field. About the same time that the First Kansas Colored turned the tide of battle on the right, other troops were brought up on the left to support the Thirty-third Iowa, when the whole line being re-formed, a steady advance was made, the enemy being driven slowly back until the repulse was complete.

The captured guns were drawn across the sodden-miry bottom of the Saline, and before night all our army had crossed and encamped on the north side. The rebel loss in this engagement was reported at 2,300, including three Generals. Our loss, which nearly all fell on the few regiments mentioned, was about 700, killed and wounded. The struggle was a desperate one, and the gallant little force engaged, by their courage and determination, saved the divided army of Steele from destruction.

Notwithstanding Col. Crawford's honorable and soldierly treatment of the rebel prisoners taken by his colored soldiers, several of the wounded of his own regiment, whom he was obliged to leave in Field Hospital at Jenkins' Ferry, were inhumanly murdered by the Texan soldiery.

On the morning of May 1, the half-famished army pressed forward over the horrible roads, without food, without transportation - all the wagons except one to each brigade having been destroyed - heavily dragging their guns and bridging the swollen streams as they proceeded, eating the corn taken from the starving mules, drenched by the frequent showers, and worst and hardest of all, feeling that the labor and terrible suffering and sacrifice was all for nought and less than nought. A few miles before reaching Little Rock, our army was met by a supply train, and everything in the shape of food which was furnished the soldiers was devoured with the appetites of starving men.

The army entered Little Rock on, the 2d of May, and the Second Colored, with the brigade of Col. J. M. Williams, was immediately ordered to march to Fort Smith to repel a threatened rebel attack. Another long, hard march succeeded, when the regiment reached Fort Smith and again went into camp, the expected attack not taking place.

While at Little Rock, Lieut. Col. Knowles resigned his command on account of ill health, which was accepted, to date May 24, 1864. He returned to his home in Marmaton, Kan., and on the 23d of October, 1864, was murdered by a band of guerrillas, who, under command of Maj. S. Piercy, attacked the town. After the resignation of Lieut. Col. Knowles, Col. Crawford was detached on special duty to Fort Smith, and the command of the regiment devolved upon Maj. J. H. Gillpatrick. During the summer and fall of 1864, it was mainly employed in garrison duty at Fort Smith, or in escort and scout duty in the surrounding country. Maj. Gillpatrick was promoted Lieutenant Colonel November 9, 1864, and under his command the regiment marched in December to Hudson's Crossing on the Neosho, 150 miles, serving on its return as escort to a large supply train. It was soon afterward ordered to Little Rock, where it arrived on the 4th of February, 1865, after severe march in the dead of winter with insufficient food, clothing or shelter. The soldiers suffered terribly. The regiment had been without a surgeon for several months, but on its arrival at Little Rock was joined by Asst. Surgeon Wood, who had been on duty in the general hospital at Fort Smith. While at Little Rock, the soldiers suffered much from the unhealthy locality, and although their quarters were made as comfortable as circumstances would admit, and much efficiency in discipline and drill was acquired during the comparatively leisure months that they remained in camp, still it was at the expense of much sickness and mortality. During the spring of 1863, the regiment took part in an expedition against the guerrillas on the Saline River, which was in every way successful. On the 1st of August, the regiment left Little Rock, with orders to report at Camden, which place was reached on the 10th. Here it remained until October 9, 1865, when it was mustered out of service, still under the command of Lieut. Col. Gillpatrick - Col. Crawford having only briefly rejoined the regiment since his detachment on special service in, June, 1864.

The Second Kansas Colored was finally discharged from the service at Leavenworth on the 27th of November, 1865, having nobly performed its duty, and by its faithful service proved the capability and efficiency of colored soldiers.

The records of the regiment being nearly all lost at Jenkins' Ferry, the official list of losses is very incomplete.


Company A - Killed at Baxter Springs, C. N., October 6, 1863, Lieut. Ralph E. Cook, Olathe; Private, Charles Allen, Leavenworth. At Jenkins' Ferry, Ark., April 30, 1864, Thomas Smith, Paola; Harrison Carrel and John Welsh, both of Atchison.

Company B - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, Corp. William Campbell, Atchison. Died of wounds received at Jenkins' Ferry, William Cummings, Leavenworth; murdered by the enemy, while in field hospital, of wounds received at Jenkins' Ferry, Joseph Washington, Atchison; Thomas H. Jackson, Leavenworth.

Company C - Died of wounds received at Jenkins' Ferry, Ezekiel Biggins, Leavenworth.

Company D - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, Arthur Bailey and Wellington Paden, Wyandotte.

Company F - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, Robert Miller, Fort Scott.

Company G - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, George Boyd, Isaac Marshall, James McGilbert, Fort Scott.

Company H - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, Capt. Alexander Rush; Private, Jacob Spencer, Lawrence. Killed in field hospital by the enemy, Albert Warren, Wyandotte.

Company I - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, Sergt. David Turner, Leavenworth.

Company K - Killed at Jenkins' Ferry, Sergt. George McCowan and Corp. George Brown, both of Elwood; Privates Michael Reed, Adam Ware, Elwood. Died of wounds received at Jenkins' Ferry, Tobias Middleton, Elwood.

[TOC] [part 15] [part 13] [Cutler's History]