KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


ERA OF PEACE, PART 16

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APPROPRIATIONS.

For the purpose of carrying out the plan thus marked out, the Board asked the Legislature for the following appropriations, which were granted:

Salary of Secretary, $1,500; clerk hire in the office of the State Board of Agriculture, $1,000; postage and expenses $350; expenses of members in attending meetings of the board, $500; taxidermic and botanical collections for the cabinets in the agricultural department, $100; outstanding indebtedness for the years 1871, 1872 and 1873, $6,585.42; printing and binding three thousand five hundred copies of the annual transactions of the board, $5,000; statistical blanks, rolls and miscellaneous printing, $1,200; and printing the annual premium list, $500.

In 1875, the officers and members of the board were as follows: President, George T. Anthony; Vice President, George W. Glick; Treasurer, Joseph C. Wilson; Secretary, Alfred Gray. The new members of the board were: Thomas H. Cavanaugh, Secretary of State; R. W. Jenkins, of Pottawatomie; O. D. Harmon, of Linn; John Kelley, Sedgwick. The members of the scientific corps were continued, and in addition thereto O. S. George, of Topeka, was appointed Taxidermist.

State Board of Centennial Managers. - President, George T. Anthony; Vice President, W. L. Parkinson; Secretary, Alfred Gray; Treasurer, George W. Glick. Managers, E. P. Bancroft, of Lyon; George A. Crawford, of Bourbon; T. C. Henry, of Dickinson; Charles F. Koester, of Marshall; John A. Martin, of Atchison, R. W. Wright, of Labette; W. E. Barnes, of Franklin.

In 1876, the new members of the State Board were, Joshua wheeler, of Atchison; Charles Robinson, of Douglas; Henry C. St. Clair, of Sumner; George F. Gaumer, of Lawrence, was added to the scientific corps as Entomologist; the officers were continued in their respective positions.

Kansas at the Centennial. - Some 300 pages of the Centennial Report is incorporated in the Agricultural report of 1876. The State Board of Centennial Managers organized a Department of History. D. W. Wilder, State Auditor, was assigned General History; F. H. Snow, Professor of Natural History, at the State University, had Natural History; John Fraser, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, had Education; John A. Anderson, President of the State Agricultural College was given Agriculture; T. Dwight Tacher, editor of the Lawrence Journal, was assigned Transportation; Prof. Benjamin F. Mudge, Geology. E. T. Carr was appointed Architect; W. W. Wright, Superintending Engineer; Henry Worral, Artist. There were seven assistants at Philadelphia and a chief clerk. J. H. Cofrode & Co., were the builders of the Kansas and Colorado State Building at the Philadelphia Exposition.

The Kansas Legislature of 1875, appropriated $5,000 for the collection of products; March 2, 1876, a further sum of $25,000; March 9, 1876, $8,625 for the publication of a condensed edition of the report of the Board of Agriculture.

In 1876, George T. Anthony was elected Governor, and in 1877 John Kelly was chosen President; Levi Wilson, Vice President; Alfred Gray, Secretary; William Sims, of Shawnee Treasurer. The new members of the Executive Board were, J. W. Johnson, of Greenwood; S. M. Palmer, of Saline; Martin Mohler, of Osborne.

First Biennial Report. - Owing to the change in Legislative sessions provision was made for the first Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the years 1877 and 1878. The first annual report, issued in 1872, was mainly composed of essays, and a record of the proceedings of the State Fair of that year. Inquiries came from all sections of the country regarding the products, resources, possibilities and probabilities of Kansas, which for want of requisite data, could not be intelligently answered, and the Secretary in his first biennial report, says:

The present report is the outgrowth of the daily work of this department. No statistical information is herein presented which has not been called for almost daily, either by Kansans, or those who have, or expect to have, an interest in Kansas. We have endeavored to supply all requisitions, through our publications and a carefully conducted correspondence for data relating to the vast resources of the State, both developed and undeveloped, climate, soils, churches, schools, etc. If, therefore, we have included in the present volume that which is unusual in "Agricultural Reports," or omitted that which usually finds a place therein, it is because the wants of Kansas are different from those of other States, thus, while New England has a surplus of population, Kansas has millions of unoccupied lands open for settlements.

Annual Meeting of 1878. - This meeting was held in the Senate Chamber, January 9., 1878. The former officers were re-elected. J. O. Savage, of Republic; R. W. Jenkins, of Pottawatomie; O. D. Harmon, of Linn; S. J. Carter, of Coffey; H. C. St. Clair, of Sumner, were elected as Directors for the two years next ensuing. George T. Anthony, Governor; Thomas H. Cavanaugh, Secretary of State, were members, ex officio.

Hon. Alfred Gray was appointed by President Hayes as one of the United States Commissioners to the International Exposition held at Paris, commencing May 1, 1878. But he declined the appointment, as the statistical year had not commenced, and plans for the yearly work were not sufficiently matured or developed to be intrusted to others. He considered this work to be of paramount importance to Kansas, and he deemed it impossible for him to continue the same here, and also devote sufficient time and thought to the duties of such commissioner. Hon. F. P. Baker of the Commonwealth, received the appointment.

State Fair for 1878. - The State Board of Agriculture had several conferences upon this matter, but they regarded the people of the State as apathetic upon the matter, and they did not feel justified in providing any means for one; but Secretary Gray referring to it, graphically said:

The fair commenced with the year 1878, by a field exhibition of 1,730,812 acres of beautiful lands, carpeted in green with growing wheat. The fair lasted the year round. It did not interfere with local exhibitions. Admittance was free, and competition open to the world. There was a full attendance from within and without the State. No dividing of time nor pooling of earnings with horse associations. Eight hundred thousand of our people have been constantly in attendance together with representative men from all parts of the world upon the fair grounds containing 52,043,520 acres, of which 6,538.72 acres have been charmingly improved. They were well pleased with the grounds in all their appointments, as well as with the wonderful display of every hand. No subscriptions have been asked for with which to conduct this exhibition. None were needed. As for dates for subsequent exhibitions, the "State" claims each successive year as its own for the renewal of these annual displays. These lands have been divided into beautiful landscapes by various rivers and their innumerable tributaries, skirted with groves of forest trees, and set with springs and wells of pure water.

Proceedings of the Board for 1879. - At a meeting held January 15,; 1879, R. W. Jenkins was elected President; Levi Wilson, Vice President; William Sims, Treasurer; Alfred Gray, Secretary. Joshua Wheeler, M. Mohler, W. P. Popenoe, G. Y. Johnson and J. W. Johnson were chosen Directors; I. B. Edwards, of Dickinson, in place of R. W. Jenkins, elected President. Gov. John P. St. John and Secretary of State James Smith, were ex officio members.

W. P. Popenoe was appointed Auditor; Prof. B. F. Mudge, Geologist; Prof. E. A. Popenoe, Entomologist; Prof. F. H. Snow, Meteorologist; Prof. W. K. Kedzie, Chemist; Professors J. H. Carruth and J. W. Robson, Botanists.

Annual Meeting of 1880. - The meeting was held January 14, 1880. Secretary Gray was absent on account of ill health and Treasurer Sims acted as Secretary pro tem. R. W. Jenkins was again chosen President; H. C. St. Clair was elected Vice President; William Sims, Treasurer; O. D. Harmon. S. J. Carter and I. O. Savage were again elected Directors, and ex-Gov. James M. Harvey, of Riley, and James F. Keeney, of Trego, were chosen as new members. Prof. B. F. Mudge, Geologist of the board, having died November 21, 1879, suitable resolutions were adopted. Prof. F. H. Snow was chosen as his successor; Prof. F. Hawn, of Leavenworth, Meteorologist; Prof. E. A. Popenoe, Entomologist; Prof. George H. Failyer, of Manhattan, Chemist; Professors Carruth and Robson, of Cheever, Botanists.

Death of Alfred Gray. - January 23, 1880, marks the date of the departure of Mr. Gray from his labors so faithfully rendered. At an informal meeting of the State Board held at their rooms, January 26, 1880, the following preamble and resolutions were adopted:

WHEREAS, By the death of Hon. Alfred Gray, Secretary of the State Board of Agriculture it becomes necessary for some temporary directions to be given for the following of the work of the department; therefore be it

Resolved, That Miss Emma R. Bristol, Chief Clerk in the department, be directed to continue the business of said board, receive and answer all communications, proceed to complete and place in the hands of the printer the fourth quarterly report for 1879, and do all other business as Chief Clerk of said Board that may legally come before it, as the late Secretary contemplated prior to his death.

Resolved further, That Miss Emma R. Bristol, Chief Clerk of said board, correspond with the President of the board, and inform him that it is the wish of the undersigned members present that he call a meeting of the board on Thursday, February 5, 1880, at the State capitol, for the purpose of electing a Secretary of said board to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Hon. Alfred Gray, late Secretary, and to transact any other business that may come before the board.

(Signed) Vice Pres. H. C. St. Clair. John P. St. John, Wm. Sims, Joshua Wheeler, James Smith, W. P. Popenoe, Geo. Y. Johnson, Members present.

At a special meeting of the board, held February 5, 1880, there were adopted the following preambles and resolutions:

WHEREAS, It seemed meet to Him who holdeth the destiny of all mankind in His hand, to removed from earthly labor, and from our midst, our faithful, untiring and efficient Secretary, the Hon. Alfred Gray, freeing him from disease and pain, and transferring him to higher and nobler fields of usefulness; and

WHEREAS, We have but to point to the work he has performed for the interest of our State, as his most enduring monument; and we realize that no words of ours can add anything to his fame, yet as co-laborers, associates and friends it is fitting that we bear witness to his many good qualities of mind and heart, among which we would speak of his great energy, industry, exactness, courage, and unflinching integrity, his singleness of heart, and never-varying purpose to advance the interest of Kansas; therefore,

Resolved, That in the death of Alfred Gray, we realize that each of us has lost a warm personal friend, the State one of its greatest benefactors, the community a useful citizen, and agriculture an able and earnest advocate.

Resolved, That a page of the next Biennial Report be set apart and heavily draped, and dedicated to his memory, bearing date of birth and death.

Resolved, That a full-page, steel-plate engraving of Mr. Alfred Gray be inserted in the Second Biennial Report of 1879 and 1880, together with a complete biographical sketch of his life.

Resolved, That the Secretary be instructed to procure a life-size portrait of Hon. Alfred Gray, late Secretary, to be place in the rooms of the State Board of Agriculture.

J. K. Hudson, of the Capital, was chosen as the successor of Mr. Gray. Prof. George E. Patrick, of the State University at Lawrence, was made an additional Chemist to the State Board of Agriculture.

Annual Meeting of 1881. - At the meeting held January 12, 1881, the Directors chosen were J. F. True, of Jefferson; Joshua Wheeler, M. Mohler, W. P. Popenoe and J. W. Johnson. September 13, 1881, Secretary Hudson resigned his position, to take effect September 30. F. D. Coburn, of Franklin, was appointed his successor, and he held the position from October 1, 1881, to January 11, 1882. R. W. Jenkins was President; John Kelly, Vice President; William Sims, Treasurer. The clerks under the regime of Secretary Hudson were F. D. Coburn, James M. McFarland, E. W. Longshore and Dana C. Pearson.

Annual Meeting of 1882. - On January 11, 1882, William Sims was elected Secretary; John Francis, Treasurer. The office of Assistant Secretary was created and James M. McFarland was appointed to that office. The directors chosen were O. D. Harmon, S. J. Carter, James M. Harvey, I. O. Savage and T. E. Scott, of Lincoln. R. W. Jenkins was continued as President; H. C. St. Clair was Vice President.

Annual Meeting of 1883. - The meeting for 1883 was held in the new office in the northeast part of the west wing of the State House, January 10, 1883. The following is a list of officers elected: President, R. W. Jenkins; H. C. St. Clair, Vice President; John Francis, Treasurer; Secretary Sims holds over. Joshua Wheeler, J. F. True, M. Mohler, W. P. Popenoe and J. W. Johnson were elected members of the board for two years. Gov. George W. Glick and Secretary of State James Smith were ex officio members. The board made appointments as follows:

Auditor, W. P. Popenoe, Topeka. Meteorologists, Prof. Lovewell, Washburn College, and Prof. F. Hawn, Leavenworth. Botanists, Prof. E. A. Popenoe of the Agricultural College, Manhattan; Prof. J. H. Carruth, Lawrence; Prof. John W. Robson, Cheever. Chemist, Prof. G. H. Failyer, Agricultural College, Manhattan. Geologist, Prof. O. St. John, Topeka. Entomologist, Prof. F. H. Snow, Lawrence.

Secretary Sims suggested that a brief synopsis of reports printed in all the European languages should be placed in the hands of those foreigners who contemplate coming to the United States for homes for themselves and their children. He therefore recommends a pamphlet not to exceed sixty pages to be printed annually at the expense of the State in such foreign languages as the board may deem best. A committee to whom this was referred recommended 10,000 copies each, in the English, German and Swedish languages; 5,000 each, in the Bohemian, Danish and French languages.

The salary of the Secretary is $2,000 per year, and there is an allowance for three clerks.

At the annual meeting in 1883, fourteen agricultural societies were represented and sixteen members of the Board of Agriculture were present.

The following is a list of the officers of the Kansas State Agricultural Society and the State Board of Agriculture:

==================================================
Year.   President.                Vice President.   
--------------------------------------------------
1861..  Lyman Scott........       ................  
1862..  Lawrence D. Bailey.       ................  
1863..  Lawrence D. Bailey.       ................  
1864..  Lawrence D. Bailey.       ................  
                                               
1865..  Lawrence D. Bailey.       ................  
1866..  Robert G. Elliott..       ................  
1867..  Robert G. Elliott..       ................  
1868..  Robert G. Elliott..       ................  
1869..  Robert G. Elliott..       ................  
1870..  Isaac S. Kalloch...       O. E. Learnard..  
1871..  Isaac S. Kalloch...       O. E. Learnard..  
1872..  Hiram J. Strickler.       George W. Veale.  
1873..  E. S. Niccols......       Thomas Murphy...  
1874..  George T. Anthony..       E. H. Funston...  
1875..  George T. Anthony..       George W. Glick.  
1876..  George T. Anthony..       George W. Glick.  
1877..  John Kelly.........       Levi Wilson.....  
1878..  John Kelly.........       Levi Wilson.....  
1879..  R. W. Jenkins......       Levi Wilson.....  
                                              
1880..  R. W. Jenkins......       H. C. St. Clair.  
                                              
1881..  R. W. Jenkins......       John Kelly......  
1882..  R. W. Jenkins......       H. C. St. Clair.  
1883..  R. W. Jenkins......       H. C. St. Clair.  
---------------------------------------------Cont. 

================================================== Year. Secretary. Treasurer. -------------------------------------------------- 1861.. F. G. Adams......... Isaac Garrison..... 1862.. F. G. Adams......... F. P. Baker........ 1863.. F. G. Adams......... William Spriggs.... 1864.. John S. Brown....... William Spriggs.... (John S. Brown...... 1865.. (Hiram J. Strickler. William Spriggs.... 1866.. Hiram J. Strickler.. Charles B. Lines... 1867.. Hiram J. Strickler.. Charles B. Lines... 1868.. Hiram J. Strickler.. Charles B. Lines... 1869.. Hiram J. Strickler.. Charles B. Lines... 1870.. Alfred Gray......... Thomas Murphy...... 1871.. Alfred Gray......... Thomas Murphy...... 1872.. Alfred Gray......... Thomas Murphy...... 1873.. Alfred Gray......... George W. Veale.... 1874.. Alfred Gray......... Joseph C. Wilson... 1875.. Alfred Gray......... Joseph C. Wilson... 1876.. Alfred Gray......... Joseph C. Wilson... 1877.. Alfred Gray......... William Sims....... 1878.. Alfred Gray......... William Sims....... 1879.. Alfred Gray......... William Sims....... (Alfred Gray....... 1880.. (J. K. Hudson..... William Sims....... (J. K. Hudson....... 1881.. (F. D. Coburn....... William Sims....... 1882.. Williams Sims....... John Francis....... 1883.. Williams Sims....... John Francis....... --------------------------------------------------

KANSAS STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY.

The organization of a State Pomological Society was suggested by a correspondent of the Kansas Farmer, in January, 1867, who signed himself "Pomologist." John S. Brown was then editor of the Farmer, and consequent upon the publication of this letter, Mr. Brown recommended all who favored this organization to make an immediate response, upon which twenty-five persons forwarded their names and post office address, accompanied by 25 cents each, to the editor, for assisting to organize the society, and the names of these persons appeared in the April number of the Farmer. The organization was effected, and the following-named persons were chosen as officers for 1867: President, William Tanner, Leavenworth; Vice President, William Maxwell, Lanesfield; Treasurer, William E. Barnes, Vinland; Recording Secretary, John S. Brown, Lawrence; Corresponding Secretary, S. T. Kelsey, Ottawa.

In the May number of the Farmer, the President's address appeared, in which he proposed that communications be sent to the Corresponding Secretary, bearing upon Fruit Culture, as then developed in the counties of the State from whence the correspondence would emanate, which should be submitted at the first meeting of the State Pomological Society.

Charter Members of the Kansas State Horticultural Society. - At Ottawa, Franklin County, December 15, 1869, this society became a corporate body, under the provisions of the charter and the laws of the State of Kansas, for the term of 999 years, and George T. Anthony, William M. Housley, J. Staayman and William Tanner, of Leavenworth, G. C. Brackett, of Lawrence, S. T. Kelsey, of Pomona, and Charles B. Lines, of Wabaunsee, were the charter members.

The object of the society is the advancement of the art and science of horticulture; its membership consists of annual members, who pay an annual fee of $1; of life members, who pay a fee of $10 at one time; of honorary members, who shall only be person of distinguished merit in horticulture. Annual meetings are held in the month of December, semi-annual meetings in the month of June, at such time and place as the society or Board of Trustees may direct. The following table shows the place of annual meeting, the names of the President, Secretaries and Treasurers, from the beginning of the organization:

=================================================
YEAR.      Annual Meeting.      President.           
-------------------------------------------------
1867..     Lawrence.......      William Tanner...    
1868 ..    Leavenworth....      William Tanner...    
1869 ..    Ottawa.........      William Tanner...    
1870 ..    Manhattan......      William Tanner...    
1871 ..    Lawrence.......      Wm M. Howsley....    
1872 ..    Topeka.........      Wm M. Howsley....    
1873..     Osage Mission..      Wm M. Howsley....    
1874..     Emporia........      E. Gale..........    
1875..     Manhattan......      E. Gale..........    
1876..     Emporia........      E. Gale..........    
1877..     Parsons........      E. Gale..........    
1878..     Ottawa.........      E. Gale..........    
1879..     Holton.........      E. Gale..........    
1880..     Wyandotte......      E. Gale..........    
1881..     Lawrence.......      E. Gale..........    
1882..     Topeka.........      E. Gale..........    
1883..     Topeka.........      E. Gale..........    
--------------------------------------------Cont.

================================================= YEAR. Secretary. Treasurer ------------------------------------------------- 1867.. S. T. Brackett. W. E. Barnes..... 1868.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1869.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1870.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1871.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1872.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1873.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1874.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1875.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1876.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1877.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1878.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1879.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1880.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1881.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1882.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... 1883.. G. C. Brackett. S. T. Kelsey..... -------------------------------------------------

The annual meeting of 1882, was more fully attended than any of its predecessors. Horticulture, floriculture, entomology, botany, vegetable physiology, irrigation, forestry and game laws, were subjects treated of during the sessions of the society.

Prof. Elbridge Gale, for the ninth time was elected President of the society for the ensuing year; the almost indispensable Secretary, G. C. Brackett, had his sixteenth election as Secretary. The Treasury has been in good hands, those of Kelsey and Wellhouse. M. B. Newman was elected Vice President; Dr. Williamson, G. Y. Johnson and L. A. Simmons, Trustees.

On motion of Dr. George Bohrer, of Chase, Rice County, a committee was appointed to memorialize the Legislature, and prepare a bill to make an appropriation to encourage fruit and forestries. Bills for such purposes were introduced in the Kansas House of Representatives in January, 1883.

William Sims, Esq., Secretary of the state Board of Agriculture, estimated the amount of spontaneous growth in Kansas to be 20 per cent of the number of acres set out in trees, which estimate would make about 28,000 acres. Hon. John Martin, of Topeka, delivered a welcoming address, in which he referred to the Great Jehovah as the first horticulturist, commencing his labors on the planet earth in the beautiful Garden of Eden. His address closed as follows:

What a wonderfully interesting history Kansas has. She does nothing by halves, but excels in all things. Thirty years ago not a garden or a fruit tree could be found in that vast region of country now called Kansas, except a few about Indian missions, and they scarcely worth the name. To-day (sic) we number our gardens by the hundred thousand and our fruit trees by the millions, and from them the wants of more than a million of people are supplied; and you are annually increasing the extent of your gardens and the numbers of your fruit trees, and what is more important, you are intelligently increasing the quality of your products and thus adding to your profits.

[TOC] [part 17] [part 15] [Cutler's History]