KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


ERA OF PEACE, PART 15

[TOC] [part 16] [part 14] [Cutler's History]

CONSTITUTION OF THE KANSAS STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE, ADOPTED MARCH 12, 1872.

ARTICLE I. - The name of this association shall be known as the Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Its object shall be to promote the improvement of agriculture, stock-raising, horticulture, manufacturing and household arts in the State of Kansas.

ART. II. - The present officers and Executive Committee of the Kansas State Agricultural Society shall be and are hereby constituted the State Board of Agriculture, who shall continue to hold their offices the terms for which they have been respectively elected, to wit: The President, vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and one-half or five of the Executive Committee until the second Wednesday of January, 1873, and five of the Executive Committee until the second Wednesday of January, 1874. The governor and Secretary of State shall be ex officio members of the State Board of Agriculture.

ART. III. - That every county or district agricultural society composed of one or more counties, whether now organized or hereafter to be organized under the laws of the State of Kansas, shall be entitled to send the President of such society or other delegate therefrom, duly authorized in writing to the annual meeting of the State Board of Agriculture, to be held on the second Wednesday of January of each year, and who shall, for the time being, be ex officio members of the State Board of Agriculture, provided that each county or district society herein mentioned shall have held a fair the current year, offered and awarded premiums for the improvement of stock, tillage, crops, implements, mechanical fabrics and articles of domestic industry, and such other articles and improvements as they may deem proper, and grade the said premiums so that it will be competent for small, as well as large farmers and artisans, to compete for the same, make out a statement containing a synopsis of the awards, and an abstract of the Treasurer's account and report on the conditions of agriculture in their county to the State Board. Said statement to be forwarded by mail or otherwise to the Secretary of the State Board on or before the fifteenth day of November in each year.

ART. IV. - It shall be the duty of the State Board of Agriculture, together with so many of the Presidents or authorized delegates of the county societies as may be in attendance, to meet at the Capital of the State, on the second Wednesday of January, 1873, and annually thereafter, and proceed to elect by ballot, a President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer and five members of the State Board of Agriculture, who, when regularly elected, shall constitute the State Board of Agriculture. The President, Vice President and Treasurer shall be elected to serve for one year, and the secretary and members shall serve for two years from the time of their election.

ART. V. - It shall be the duty of the State Board of Agriculture to make an annual report of the proceedings for the proceeding year to the Legislature, and an abstract of the proceedings of the county societies, as well as a general view of the condition of agriculture throughout the State, accompanied by such essay, statement and recommendations as they shall deem interesting and useful.

ART. VI. - The office of the State Board of Agriculture shall be in the Capitol building.

ART. VII. - The premium list and regulations, together with the time set and locations determined upon for holding the annual fair, shall be published by the State Board of Agriculture on or before the first day of April of each year.

ART. VIII. - Any member of the State Board who shall fail to attend three consecutive meetings, shall be considered to have resigned, and it shall be the duty of the State Board to fill the vacancy.

ART. IX. - A majority of the Board, with the President or Secretary, shall constitute a quorum at any called meeting.

ART. X. - The duties of the President and Secretary shall be such as pertain to their respective offices.

ART. XI. - The Treasurer shall received and keep an accurate account of all moneys belonging to the society. He shall pay out its moneys only on the order of the President and Secretary, and at each annual meeting of the board he shall make a full report, in writing, of its financial transactions and condition. He shall give a bond to the satisfaction of the Board for the faithful performance of his duties. The said bond shall be renewed as often as the same person is elected to the office.

ART. XII. - That the privilege of life and annual membership admitting persons free to the exhibitions of the State Agricultural Society, are hereby continued by the State Board of Agriculture.

ART. XII. - That the provisions of "an act for the encouragement of agriculture," approved February 19, 1872, be and the same are hereby accepted by this society.

ART. XIV. - This Constitution may be altered or amended by a two-thirds vote of members present at any annual meeting of the State Board.

The first meeting of the State Board of Agriculture was held March 12, 1872, and George W. Veale and Martin Anderson were appointed a committee to wait on Gov. James M. Harvey and Secretary of State William H. Smallwood, ex officio members of the board, and inform them that the State Board of Agriculture was in session. These members appeared, and the first business transacted was to open and examine the bids for the location for the fair of 1872, which emanated from the Shawnee County Agricultural Society, and was to tender the use of their fair grounds and buildings which cost Shawnee County nearly $30,000, and the sum of $2,000 from the citizens of Topeka.

Eleventh Annual Meeting - The first annual meeting of the State Board of Agriculture, or the eleventh of the Kansas State Agricultural Society, was held at Topeka, January 8, 1873, and the following named persons were elected officers for the ensuing year: President, E. S. Niccols; Vice President, Thomas Murphy; Secretary, Alfred Gray; Treasurer, George W. Veale. Thomas H. Osborn, Governor; William H. Smallwood, Secretary of State; George T. Anthony, of Leavenworth; J. K. Hudson, of Wyandotte; S. T. Kelsey, of Franklin; George Noble, of Douglas; R. P. Edington, of Butler (Mr. Noble was elected in the place of John N. Insley, resigned), were the Executive Committee.

Mr. Gray offered the following amendment to the constitution, which was adopted:

At each annual meeting the board shall elect a Geologist, Entomologist and Botanist, who shall hold their offices for one year.

The Legislature of 1873, in Section 1 of Chapter 137 of its Session Laws, approved March 6, 1873, made the following provisions:

It shall be the duty of the State Board of Agriculture to publish as part of their annual transactions a detailed statement, by counties, of the various industries of the State and other statistics which shall be collected from the County Clerks and from such other reliable sources as the said Board may deem best; also to collect, arrange and publish from time to time, in such manner and form as the said Board may deem to be for the interest of the State, such statistical and other information as those seeking homes in the West may require; and they shall deliver a synopsis of its to such immigrant aid societies, railroad companies, real estate agencies and others interested, as may apply for the same; also to arrange in suitable packages and cases, and place the same in the agricultural rooms for public inspection, samples of agricultural products, geological and other specimens provided for in this act.

Meeting of the Board in 1614 (sic). - At the annual election for officers, held January 14, 1874, the following named persons were selected for the offices; President, George T. Anthony; Vice President, John Davis, of Davis; Treasurer, Joseph C. Wilson, of Atchison; Secretary, Alfred Gray. Members of the Executive Committee: Joshua Wheeler, of Atchison; Levi Wilson, of Leavenworth; H. R. Crowell, of Cherokee; C. S. Broadbent, of Sumner; M. D. Ellis, of Butler; S. J. Carter, of Coffey; I. O. Savage, of Republic. Hon. J. K. Hudson resigned, and W. P. Popenoe was chosen as his successor. George Noble removed to Texas, and John H. Edwards, of Ellis, was chosen his successor. Mr. Noble was tendered a vote of thanks for his efficient services as a member of the Board and as General Superintendent of the fair, which was held on the ground of the Shawnee County Agricultural Society, September 22-28 1873. The following-named gentlemen were elected to fill the positions for which they are respectively named: Botanist, Prof. James H. Carruth, Lawrence; Chemist, Prof. W. K. Kedzie, Manhattan; Entomologist, Prof. Edward A. Popenoe, Topeka; Geologist, Prof. Benjamin F. Mudge, Manhattan; Meteorologist, Prof. Frank H. Snow, Lawrence. Signal Service Committee: J. H. Carruth, B. F. Mudge, Frank H. Snow.

The opening address at the State Fair of 1873 was made by Gov. Thomas A. Osborn. During the fair addresses were made by William C. Flagg, President of the State Farmers' Association of Illinois, and John Davis, the President of the Farmers' Co-operative Association of Kansas.

The first meeting of the Board of 1874 was held on February 3, 1874, Hon. E. H. Funston, of Allen, serving as Vice President in place of John Davis.

Plans for the Year. - The Secretary made a compilation and publication monthly, by counties, of the condition of crops and domestic animals and other interesting and valuable information to the producers of the State, relating to agricultural and other industries. It was decided to hold a fair in September at Leavenworth, but in July and August so great was the depression consequent upon the advent of the chinch bug, dry weather and locusts, that to hold a State Fair seemed an insult, and many of the producers of the State who were prominent exhibitors of their products at the fair, advised an abandonment of the undertaking. The Board, in an appeal to the people of Kansas, issued August 18, 1874, referring to the calamities, said:

The first sight of disaster is always the worst view we get of it. If every county in the State is represented by the best of its herds, its flocks and its fields; if you make such a showing as we know you can make and believe it your duty to make, then our annual fair for the year 1874 will be to the State its proudest and its most profitable vindication.

It was determined to collect and arrange for preservation and inspection, in the agricultural rooms, specimens of gypsum, building stone, coals fossils, etc.; commence a collection of Kansas birds; noxious and innoxious insects; collect and arrange, by counties, agricultural and other products; specimen of timber growth, etc., which could in any manner indicate or demonstrate the capabilities of the several counties thus represented.

The publication of an annual report was provided for, to embrace substantially the following:

First, A synopsis of the proceedings of the Board.

Second, A review of the year, including the substance of the monthly reports, by seasons, and the story of the annual exhibition, with a condensed statement of awards.

Third, A succinct reference to the history of the State, so far as the same has a bearing upon its industrial progress, followed by a statistical and industrial exhibit, by counties, of enumeration of population, products of the farm, the orchard and the vineyard, live stock, apiaculture, manufactories, mercantile interests, schools and churches.

It was also determined to publish in said annual report an outline map of the State, to show the relative size and location of the several counties, railroad system, principal water-courses, etc.; a completed sectional map, in colors, of each organized county, to accompany the industries thereof, and to contain, among other things, civil townships, railroads, locations of cities, town and villages, name and location of each post office, location of each utilized water-power, relative amount of timber and prairie, bottom and upland, coal, lead and other mines, gypsum, salt springs, etc.

A diagram showing the average rainfall in the State, in three belts, running north and south.

A summary of the productions of the year, and other statistical matter, together with comparative statements with the progress of other years, and with that of other States.

A statement of government, school, agricultural college, railroad and other vacant lands, by counties, with maximum, minimum and average prices of the same, accompanied with such other information and data as would meet the public wants.

A report of the industrial operations of the year at the State Agricultural College.

Proceedings of the Academy of Science.

Reports of auxiliary district and county agricultural organizations.

[TOC] [part 16] [part 14] [Cutler's History]