KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


ERA OF PEACE, PART 13

[TOC] [part 14] [part 12] [Cutler's History]

HORTICULTURE.

The yields of garden, orchard and vineyard in Kansas are unsurpassed by any State in the Union. All fruits grow to their highest grade of excellence which are fitted to the climate and latitude. Apples, pears, peaches, plums, grapes and berries of every variety give to the intelligent horticulturist a bounteous return for his labor. The attention thus far has been most profitably and extensively turned to orchard fruits and grapes; strawberries yield abundantly wherever cultivated. The horticultural statistics are less complete than on farming products. From such as are accessible the following facts are gleaned:

In 1860, the value of orchard products was $656; in 1870, $158,046; in 1860, 583 gallons of wine was made: in 1870, 14,899 gallons.

The summary of the report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture for 1873 was as follows:

Nurseries. - In 1860 and 1870, no report; in 1872, $227,980 invested.

Orchards - In 1860, the value of orchard products was $656; in 1870, $158,046; in 1872 713,954 bushels, estimated at 50 cents per bushel, gives $356,977 as the value of the product.

Vineyards - There were 583 gallons of wine manufactured in 1860; 14,889 in 1870; 34,505 in 1872. Assuming that twelve pounds of grapes will make one gallon of wine, and that one-half of the grape crop was marketed as grapes and one-half manufactured into wine, we have the product of 1872 as follows: Grapes manufactured into wine, 414,060 pounds; number of pounds sold, 414,060; making 828,120 pounds in the aggregate.

414,060 pounds of grapes, at 4 cents. $16,562.40
34,505 gallons wine, at 75 cents.....  25,878.75
                                       ---------
Total value of crop of 1872.......... $42,441.15

Capital invested in vineyards in 1872, $181,689. The average yield per acre, according to the returns of assessors, is 2,307.2 pounds. As many of the vineyards are young and not in full bearing, this average is too low. The average throughout the State for vineyards in full bearing is about 4,000 pounds per acre. Miami County is credited with the maximum and Davis County the minimum average yield - the former 8,462 pounds, and the latter 100 pounds. While the great difference is owing in part to the age of the vines in the respective counties, the yield in Miami County indicates the adaptibility (sic) of Kansas soil and climate for grape culture. The returns from all parts of the State are most cheering - no serious complain of health of either wood or fruit.

In 1874, the Agricultural report showed as follows: In nurseries, 5,071 acres; in orchards, 100,839 acres; in vineyards, 13,561 acres. The products of vineyards were reported - 13,561 gallons of wine, and 2,345,318 pounds of grapes.

In 1875, the reports of the State Board of Agriculture show such wide discrepancies as to acreage of orchards and vineyards, as to be hardly credible. The report was as follows: Nurseries, 5,072 acres; orchards, 100,839 acres; vineyards, 5,558 acres. The number of pounds of grapes produce was reported at 2,345,318. There is no summarized horticultural report in 1876. In the first biennial report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture for 1877-78 appears the following table showing the orchards by counties in the State in 1878.

FRUIT TREES IN KANSAS IN 1878
NUMBER OF TREES IN BEARING

                       FRUIT TREES IN KANSAS IN 1878
                        NUMBER OF TREES IN BEARING
====================================================================

COUNTIES.          Apple      Pear.    Peach.     Plum.     Cherry.
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Allen.........        21,592     736     100,817      841     10,610
Anderson......        37,050     925      77,613    3,468     11,118
Atchison......        65,986   1,622      72,853    2,099     15,705
Barber........           ...     ...         ...        6         24
Barton........           115       7         967       51         54
Bourbon.......        83,048    1,881    135,828    2,100     24,689
Brown.........        34,799      871    158,352    1,854     13,986
Butler........         9,050      189    236,743    7,512      5,735
Chautauqua....         8,550      140    114,671    1,578      2,068
Chase.........         3,994      119     34,780    1,343      1,874
Cherokee......        67,988    2,885    131,306    2,086     17,558
Clay..........         1,475      270     58,952    3,029        988
Cloud.........         2,688       70     77,320    2,390        834
Coffey........        37,127      974     97,423    6,023     13,057
Cowley........         5,754    1,425    196,554    7,582      3,846
Crawford......        34,725    1,179     79,176    1,263      9,998
Davis.........         3,325      591     47,900    1,955      1,719
Dickinson.....         3,908      250    135,549    7,671      1,815
Doniphan......        54,790    1,389     99,753    1,257     10,777
Douglas.......       121,972    4,088     82,412    1,654     23,944
Edwards.......           ...      ...         20      ...        ...
Elk...........         8,585      501    139,886      793      2,616
Ellis.........            14      ...      1,055        1          8
Ellsworth.....            57      ...      3,609       29        106
Ford..........            60      ...        253       30        ...
Franklin......        70,145    1,614     99,344    1,567     20,216
Greenwood.....        12,766      407    102,208      916      6,238
Harvey........         1,839       65     74,792    1,575      1,481
Jackson.......        30,074      961     59,381      478     10,508
Jefferson.....        59,724    1,067     88,814      657     20,348
Jewell........           942      380     32,457    5,324        680
Johnson.......        70,657    1,710     81,782    2,567     28,087
Labette.......        67,505    2,218    170,055    3,187     11,247
Leavenworth...       109,443    3,942     86,113    2,061     19,975
Lincoln.......            45        3      4,506       11         13
Linn..........        59,465    1,450    113,104    2,862     25,728
Lyon..........        33,833    3,090    129,637    2,142     13,311
Marion........         2,135      385     46,292      574      1,129
Marshall......         8,170    1,149     93,295      492      4,218
McPherson.....           696    1,366     47,169    1,763      1,198
Miami.........        72,885    2,654     91,807    1,718     22,306
Mitchell......           493    1,403     40,543    7,697      3,077
Montgomery....        45,503      467    205,766    2,167      7,008
Morris........         3,133      149     41,053    1,620      2,479
Nemaha........        14,941    2,496     68,570      728      4,892
Neosho........        30,959      813    169,879    1,370     10,124
Norton........           ...      ...        200      ...        ...
Osage.........        32,931      312    128,233    1,377     11,434
Osborne.......           417      151      2,599       63         42
Ottawa........         1,061    1,296     32,256    1,129        917
Pawnee........            23        5        340      102          3
Phillips......            13       26        228       50         17
Pottawatomie..        10,573      632     69,858    1,597      4,033
Reno..........           305       18     15,076      356        670
Republic......         1,521    1,275     42,006    1,461      3,042
Rice..........           164        2      8,887    1,542        382
Riley.........        10,703      406     34,556    1,670      2,723
Rooks.........           438      ...        837        2         30
Rush..........            20       68        170      ...        ...
Russell.......           285        2      3,919       69        143
Saline........         2,664       97     43,274     3,428     1,106
Sedgwick......         5,845      278    164,232     3,136     2,934
Shawnee.......        45,063    2,149     62,612     1,949    18,480
Smith.........           127        1      7,240       342       141
Sumner........         5,045      530    115,148     1,448     1,326
Wabaunsee.....        10,189      325     46,281     1,295     4,054
Washington....         3,469      160     89,916       898     1,951
Wilson........        34,646      600    173,761     1,847     8,645
Woodson.......        10,836      348     81,696       687     5,316
Wyandotte.....        51,932    1,247     18,895       940     6,456
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     TOTAL....     1,530,275   57,829  5,069,579   123,479   461,237

FRUIT TREES IN KANSAS IN 1878
NUMBER OF TREES NOT IN BEARING

                          NUMBER OF TREES NOT IN BEARING
====================================================================

COUNTIES.          Apple      Pear.    Peach.     Plum.     Cherry.
--------------------------------------------------------------------

Allen.........        64,357   2,455      43,487    1,494     15,147
Anderson......        61,133   2,067      28,355    1,850      9,969
Atchison......        87,344   1,659      21,308      980      6,157
Barber........           515       8       3,694      ...         73
Barton........        16,564     595      32,631    1,657      2,399
Bourbon.......       130,415   5,247      29,998    1,749     15,985
Brown.........       103,858   1,794      68,423    2,816     10,462
Butler........        70,077   2,947     152,629    7,619     19,523
Chautauqua....        46,716   1,344      51,858    3,109      8,548
Chase.........        18,079   1,070      17,129      759      2,460
Cherokee......       173,622   9,837      36,434    3,689     22,976
Clay..........        12,671     376      50,681    2,998      5,790
Cloud.........        12,717     633      37,817    3,573      3,220
Coffey........        78,638   2,409      30,619    2,291     11,236
Cowley........        68,566   2,795     101,409    4,258     14,629
Crawford......       113,900   6,943      21,022    2,115     15,912
Davis.........         9,391   1,270      35,381    3,097      7,703
Dickinson.....        31,060   3,331      95,975    9,582     11,623
Doniphan......        82,918   1,853      28,723      918      6,514
Douglas.......        85,424   4,214      16,370      979      7,019
Edwards.......         2,265     321       4,101    1,988        209
Elk...........        49,330   1,058      60,290    1,415      7,443
Ellis.........         2,199     833       1,404      582        910
Ellsworth.....         3,173     451      18,150    1,041        657
Ford..........           360     195         315       40         50
Franklin......        68,699   3,126      31,154    1,765     10,645
Greenwood.....        52,766   1,520      72,175    2,852     11,009
Harvey........        45,958   1,931     101,634    4,970      9,143
Jackson.......        73,942   1,267      28,602      887      7,699
Jefferson.....        76,124   2,197      31,950    1,056     18,834
Jewell........        14,313   3,278      81,774    6,923      5,456
Johnson.......        82,841   3,876      39,355    2,338     24,437
Labette.......       188,202   8,757      58,585    5,216     20,739
Leavenworth...       114,758   2,493      25,400    1,562      9,419
Lincoln.......         2,658     182      15,297      377        600
Linn..........       106,543   2,218      27,592    1,613     11,260
Lyon..........        95,800   5,885      79,104    3,527     12,248
Marion........        30,649   1,546      91,273    2,894      9,056
Marshall......        46,904     890     38,699     1,409      9,065
McPherson.....        34,758   2,136    119,970    11,453      8,024
Miami.........        72,254   3,219     20,745     1,469      7,219
Mitchell......        17,678   1,053     59,306     6,659      3,298
Montgomery....       145,394   2,916     59,386     5,973     16,380
Morris........        24,177   1,135     25,323     2,979      5,183
Nemaha........        52,741   1,178     45,122       889      8,725
Neosho........       120,308   2,255     75,929     3,195     24,599
Norton........           536      58      2,791        67         75
Osage.........        82,042   2,276     57,007     4,345     12,118
Osborne.......         6,253     803     23,519     2,964      1,013
Ottawa........        10,094   1,131     25,177     1,795      2,792
Pawnee........         8,573     330     33,682     1,962      1,786
Phillips......         1,553      39     11,564       226        150
Pottawatomie..        39,897   1,083     34,347     1,168      7,627
Reno..........        25,463   1,728    130,246     8,345      5,637
Republic......        23,452     647     70,843     3,030      5,487
Rice..........        14,285     918    113,691     5,726      4,574
Riley.........        17,655   1,315     37,396     1,462      4,946
Rooks.........           ...     ...        ...       ...        ...
Rush..........         1,196     102      3,829       416        125
Russell.......         3,948     386      7,469       386        864
Saline........        13,577   1,026     50,830     3,856      3,174
Sedgwick......        74,342   4,014    156,556     7,939     13,369
Shawnee.......        91,079   4,683     34,942     1,779     14,509
Smith.........         5,024     138     32,303       ...        765
Sumner........        48,443   2,020    138,858       ...      9,488
Wabaunsee.....        31,630   1,682     25,612       ...      4,712
Washington....        28,396   1,176     28,772     1,043      8,044
Wilson........       115,580   2,156     61,398     4,341     16,703
Woodson.......        43,027     781     27,842       790      8,872
Wyandotte.....        57,396   1,440     13,109     1,243      5,080
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     TOTAL....     3,546,200 138,795  3,238,361   195,811    571,562
====================================================================

[TOC] [part 14] [part 12] [Cutler's History]