41. The Huron cemetery in Kansas City, Kansas recently made national news when Leonard Bearskin proposed to build a bingo hall above the graves. The city and state governments became apoplectic and a rider was attached to a bill in the U.S. Congress to prevent this sacrilege.
(A) The sisters were Helena, Lyda, and Ida Conley. (B) They made the famous defense of the Huron Cemetery between 1906 and 1913, when sale of the cemetery was proposed in Congress. The sisters erected a small fortified house on the grounds of the cemetery and through their efforts were successful in saving the historic spot. (C) During the October term of the Supreme Court of the United States in 1909, Eliza (Lyda) Burton Conley became the first woman of Indian descent admitted to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court. (Bonus) Lyda's own words to the court mention the Huron name in this way: the "Wyandots or Hurons, including the Eries or Erigas, Ahrendahronous, and the Attiwandorouk or 'Neutral Nation' Canada, are one of the three divisions of the Wyandot-Iroquois Family - a distinct, and historically famous group, allied ethnically to the Algonquins, and linguistically...to the Dakotas."
42. Who was the first woman journalist graduated from KU and when. What was her home county and do you know her parents?
The answer is Lucy Ann Barger who was the first woman journalist graduate of KU June 2, 1911. She was the daughter of Curtis E. and Minerva (Witham) Barger born 12 Nov 1889 in Mitchell County, KS
43. Since the very name of our state derives from an Indian tribe, the Kansa, it seems appropriate to ask for the names of all the Kansas counties that are also named for Indian tribes.
[Name -- Est. -- Notes] There are also the "lost" counties of Arapahoe, Otoe and Sequoyah. The first two are, of course, names of Indian tribes. Republic Co. (and Republican River) was named for the Republic or Republican Band of the Pawnee. Arapahoe was also named after an Indian tribe, though this county doesn't exist any more -- it's known these days as eastern Colorado. An historical marker along the Republican River notes, "Long before white men settled here the region was the home of the Pawnee Indians. The French traders in the late 1700s named those along the river the Republican Pawnees, in the mistaken belief that their form of government was a republic. From them the Republican River and in turn Republic County and Republic (town) in Kansas took their names."
There are also the "lost" counties of Arapahoe, Otoe and Sequoyah. The first two are, of course, names of Indian tribes. Republic Co. (and Republican River) was named for the Republic or Republican Band of the Pawnee. Arapahoe was also named after an Indian tribe, though this county doesn't exist any more -- it's known these days as eastern Colorado. An historical marker along the Republican River notes, "Long before white men settled here the region was the home of the Pawnee Indians. The French traders in the late 1700s named those along the river the Republican Pawnees, in the mistaken belief that their form of government was a republic. From them the Republican River and in turn Republic County and Republic (town) in Kansas took their names."
44. Who were the "BLOODY BENDERS", and in what county did they gain their fame?
The story has many variations, but runs substantially as follows: In an early days, while that region was sparsely settled, this family, consisting of an old man and his wife, and a son and daughter took up their abode at the place referred to, which is about ten miles west of a little village called Galesburg in Neosho county. [The home has been identified as being within Labette county.] There they kept a sort of wayside inn, making a business of keeping travelers over night, and we might add, to see that they never proceeded any further in the direction of their desired destination. When a traveler was beheld approaching, some member of the family would station himself at the roadside in front of the house, and as the unsuspecting individual drew nigh would accost him pleasantly, inquire in a friendly manner where he was going, and if it was anywhere near evening would assure him that it would be impossible for him to reach his destination before nightfall, and propose that he should remain over night with them, while the traveler generally acquiesced to the hospitable proposition. It seemed that the inside of the building had been arrangd with a view to the accomplishment of then ghastly designs. The front room and a small apartment back of it were separated by a thin curtain drawn across somewhat in the manner of the curtains used on folding doors, while in the center of the room was a trap door. When a man whom they had marked as a victim entered the door of that room his doom was sealed. He would be offered a chair sitting so that its back would be toward the curtain, and so near it that, when he sat down, the back of his head would be against it.
45. Where and why is the 'Wind Gas Capital of the World'?
Dexter, Kansas is the self-proclaimed "Wind Gas Capital of the World." Around the turn of the century, in the heyday of wildcatting, they drilled for oil in Dexter. They planned a celebration when the well came in, including a torch lighting. The well came in and...blew the torch out! Repeated with same results. Some time later it was discovered that the 'wind gas' was actually a natural helium and the Navy used to bring Dirigibles from Olathe Naval Air Station and refuel virtually right out of the ground. Still later the helium was used as a coolant in various nuclear projects....or so I've been told on a Saturday afternoon on Main Street.
46. I've heard of some interesting school teachers but none as tantalizing as William Quantrill. Quantrill once taught school in Kansas. In what town did he teach?
Stanton in Miami County, Kansas. Quantrill also taught in Lawrence 1859 -60 , and before this time also in Ohio.
47. With all of this travel talk, I'll stay in the same mode and ask about the Victory Highway, when was it opened and what do we know it as?
US Highway 40 was called the Victory Highway when it opened in 1921, in honor of those who fought the first World War.
48. How, when, and where did Mr. William Cody get the nickname "Buffalo Bill"?
In 1867 the goddard brothers hired William F. Cody to furnish 12 buffalo a day to feed the railroad workers at hays. More can be read on this at kancoll in the biography of Cody by his sister, Last of the Great Scouts.
49. With all of the talk about Brookville, I thought i'd ask if anyone knows either the name of the rooster or his owner who was used by warner pathe for the beginning of their newsreels around 1948.
Earl Kelly of Stafford, Kansas bought "Just Bill" for $100 in 1946. The bird won a contest the next year to become the crowing rooster for Warner-Pathe newsreels. Just Bill beat out several thousand other roosters because he could crow on cue (with the urging of Kelly waving his arms).
50. (1) What church is the oldest established church in the State still in use? (2) Who were the first white settlers in Wyndotte County and how did this church memorialize them? (3) Who is the first white settler buried in the cemetery owned by this church?
When the current church building of the White Church Christian Church in Kansas City, Kansas, was dedicated in 1906, a stained glass memorial window was dedicated to M. R. Grinter 1809-1878 and Anna Grinter 1820-1905, the first white settlers in Wyandotte County. Elizabeth Boles is buried in the church cemetery. I think there could be much debate over who the first white settlers of Wyandotte County were. There was a fairly substantial group of inhabitants at the on the west side of the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers, where Wyandotte County, and Kansas City, Kansas now stand quite awhile before the Grinters, I believe, and I believe the Choteau family had a trading post there. However, they may well have been the first settlers in the sense that they actually worked the land, etc.
51. Wyandotte County, Kansas is named for the Ouendat or Wyandot tribe of Indians, who were moved west from their original lands in Ohio and Michigan in 1842, and given 148,000 acres west of the Mississippi in exchange.
1. The French called the wyandots, huron, which means "rough" or "boorish". I don't know why they called them that.
52. What Kansas town is named for the Spanish word for cement and why?
Yocimento, near Hays. Yo means "I," of course, and "cimento" could be the verb rather than the noun. There was a cement factory there made from the local cretaceous limestone, referred to as yacimiento.
53. What is the state insect of Kansas?
54. Something happened in Sedgwick County, Kansas, on May 26, 1917. This happens in other places, too, and at different times (important enough to be recorded on the Internet); but the only other Sedgwick County listing was also on a May 26--May 26, 1973. What was it?
Sedgwick county had tornados both in 1917 and 1973 in May.
55. Since the glass factories in Independence were mentioned not long ago, I'll take my question from there. by 1910 there were 25 glass factories in this southeast Kkansas area. What brought this industry to that location in shortly after 1900?
Availability of natural gas, which is the fuel used for manufacturing window glass in large quantities, plus the silica brick necessary to line the furnaces, plus the availability of glass sand (silica), crushed limestone, salt cake, soda ash and carbon; i.e., the raw materials, and the accessibility of rail transportation. The availability of skilled labor must also have been a factor. Glass workers were some of the very highest paid workers at the time.
56. On August 25, 1855, Kansas Territorial Governor Woodson issued a proclamation creating Arapahoe County within the Kansas Territory. That Kansas County no longer exists, but a constitutional convention was held in one of the towns in Arahapoe County in 1859. What was the name of the town and what was the constitution which was the subject of the convention?
In April, 1859, the first constitutional convention met in Blake and Williams Hall on Blake Street in Denver. (The first constitution was rejected in September 1859, but a provisional territorial government called the Territory of Jefferson was formed.) But it wasn't until August 1, 1876, that then President Grant issued a proclamation declaring Colorado a state.
57. With a full moon AND Hallowe'en just around the corner, I thought y'all might enjoy this trivia question:
The ghost roams the Purple Masque Theater beneath East Stadium at Kansas State University.
58. His father was prominent Republican repeatedly elected to Congress. But his dream was to play soldier: charging ahead, dispatching the enemy, being feted by the nation. In fact he was rejected by West Point because of his grades; then tried KU but left due to lack of interest.
Fred, son of Foghorn, Funston; and the war was the Spanish-American War (or Philippine Insurrection).
59. Seven [Kansas City] Chiefs have been elected to the Football Hall of Fame. Can you name one? (Extra bonus points if you pick the first one elected, and even more if you can explain why!)
Lamar Hunt (1972), Bobby Bell (1983), Willie Lanier (1986), 1987-Len Dawson (1987), Junious (Buck) Buchanan (1990), Jan Stenerud (1991), and Mike Webster (1997 -- he played his last year with the Chiefs).
Update: Marcus Allen (2003) is the eighth Kansas City Chief to be inducted into the Hall of Fame. Although he spent 11 years with the Raiders and only five with the Chiefs, he was very firm about inducted as a Chief. When a TV sports reporter asked him what color his jersey would be when he went into the Hall of Fame, Allen said directly and without hesitation, "Red."
60. Grasshopper Falls was renamed to what, and for what reason? Further, what is this municipality currently called?
Buffalo Bill's father, a member of the Topeka legislature, travelled to Ohio and recruited some folks to settle in Jefferson county. Years later, Isaac Cody's granddaughter would wed a man named Goodman from there. The original Grasshopper Falls was renamed by the legislature to 'Sautrelle Falls' in its early days. Before long, the original name of 'Grasshopper Falls' was restored because the legislature's renaming did not catch on with local residents. 'Valley Falls' became the town's name after a few more years, and it remains so to this day.