produced this selection.

Vicki Betts' Compiled List
of Kansas Civil War POW's at Camp Ford, Texas

click here to see the
Prisoners of War list

I am working on a history of Camp Ford POW camp located near Tyler, Texas, 1863-1865. Roughly 315 Kansas soldiers were incarcerated there, about 7 died and about 9 escaped. The men were from the:

        2nd Kansas Cavalry,
        5th Kansas Cavalry,
        6th Kansas Cavalry,
        12th Kansas Cavalry,
        13th Kansas Cavalry,
        14th Kansas Cavalry,
        1st Kansas Infantry,
        2nd Kansas Infantry,
        5th Kansas Infantry, and
        12th Kansas Infantry.
They were captured at:
        Marks' Mills, Ark.;
        Webber's Falls, Cherokee Nation;
        Flat Rock, Cherokee Nation;
        Cabin Creek Cherokee Nation;
        Camden, Ark.;
        near Ft. Gibson, Cherokee Nation;
        Massard Prairie, Ark.;
        Poison Spring, Ark.;
        Pine Bluff, Ark.;
        Prairie De Ann, Ark.;
        near Ft. Smith, Ark.;
        Saline River, Ark.;
        Flat Rock, Cherokee Nation,;
        Mt. Elba, Ark.;
        Jenkins Ferry, Ark.;
        Gunters Prairie, Cherokee Nation.
My co-researcher is pulling the complete citation to George W. Martin's "A Kansas Soldier's Escape from Camp Ford, Texas" in Kansas Historical Collections.

My Ft. Smith New Era citations are a letter from Robert Henderson (Capt., co. G, 6th Kansas Cavalry), dated Ft. Smith, Nov. 24, 1864. He escaped on October 27 along with M. F. Parker, 1st sergt, Co. C, 6th Kansas, and J. J. Jones, 5th Kansas. Also an article entitled "Inhuman Treatment of Prisoners" Fort Smith New Era, Feb. 18, 1865, p. 2, c. 2, which mentions Charles McGuire, Co. I, 12th Kansas Infantry who deserted after being tempted by a "rebel girl." [the Henderson account was from Nov. 26, 1864, p. 2 c. 2-3]. The paper [May 20, 1865, p. 2, c. 3 and June 3, 1865, p. 2, c. 1] also mentions the escape of Sgt. D. S. Jewett of the 32nd Iowa. Finally, the August 5, 1865 issue, p. 3, c. 1, mentions Col. J. E. Hays, of the 12th Kansas, who had recently returned to Leavenworth after a stay at Camp Ford.

Vicki Betts
University of Texas at Tyler