From Captain HANDCOCK'S Journal.
Miles. Fort Bridger to 9. Little Muddy Creek - Water brackish in pools along the creek; tall bunch-grass; sage for fuel. Road runs over a barren section, is rough, and passes one steep hill. 12 1/2. Big Muddy Creek - The road, with the exception of two or three bad gullies, is good for ten miles; it then follows the Big Muddy bottom, which is flat and boggy. The camp is three miles above the crossing. Some grass; sage for fuel. 14 1/5. Small Branch of the Muddy Creek - Cross the river in three miles at a bad ford. A mile above camp the grass is good. Road generally good. 19 1/2. On Small Creek - Road continues up the Muddy 9 1/2 miles to its head. It then ascends to the divide between Bear and Green Rivers, probably 800 feet, in 1 3/5 miles. The descent on the other side is about the same. The road passes many fine springs. At one and two miles back it passes points of hills, where it is very rough. Good grass and sage at camp. 8 9/10. Bear River - Bad creek to cross near the camp; thence to Bear River Valley the road is good. It then follows down the river, crossing Willow Creek. Good camp, with a large, fine spring. 17. Bear River - Good road along the river; plenty of wood, water, and grass at all points. Foot of Grant's Mountain - Road runs along Bear River; at 2 1/2 miles strikes Smith's Fork, a rapid trout stream. The road crosses the lower ford. A few miles farther on is a bad slough, which can be avoided by taking a round on the hills. Cross Thomas's Fork on a bridge, also a slough near it; toll $2.00 for each team and wagon. The road then leaves Bear River Valley, and turns over a very steep hill. Good grass, wood, and water. 12. Bear River - Road ascends Grant's Mountain 1200 feet in 1 1/2 miles-double teams-then descends again into Bear River Valley at 4 4/5 miles. Good wood, water, and grass. 17 2/5. Indian Creek - Road crosses eight fine spring branches; camp is on a beautiful trout stream. Good wood, water, and grass. 11. Spring near Bear River - Road is hilly, crossing two spring branches. Good wood, water, and grass. The camp is on the left and near the road. 11. Bear River - At 6 7/10 miles the road strikes a large group of springs called "Soda Springs," and here crosses Pine Creek, on the left bank of which is a saleratus lake. Soon after it strikes the main springs, and after crossing another creek the "Steam-boat Spring" may be seen in the bed of the river. 15. "Port Neuf," or Rock Creek - At 2 3/10 miles the road leaves Bear River near where it runs through a canon with high bluffs on each side. At this point the California and Fort Hall roads separate. The California road (called Hudspeth's Cut-off) then crosses a valley between the Bear River and Port Neuf River Mountains, 9 miles. No water from camp to camp. Good camp. 15. Marsh Creek - About two miles above the main road the creek can be forded; a road leads to it from the descent into the valley. Road good; water and grass plenty; no wood. 16 1/5. Paunack Creek - First part of the road is hilly; the remainder good. Good camp. 7 1/5. Mallade River - At 7 1/5 miles the road crosses the Mallade River. Good camp 140 miles from Salt Lake City. Good road. 22 3/10. Small Creek - The road ascends a ridge through a canon, and descends to a valley on the other side. From the camp to the summit of the ridge is 6 1/5 miles. The descent is 3 7/10 miles. It then crosses a valley 8 miles wide, and strikes a canon which leads to the top of a hill over a rough road. Plenty of wood, water, and grass at camp, but no water between this and the last camp. 9 3/5. Small Creek - Road after five miles strikes a canon with a long but gentle ascent. Two miles from the entrance of this canon is a spring branch. There is wood and some grass and water at this place. 11 1/5. Spring Branch - The road passes through a canon, and at 5 miles strikes the head of a spring branch, which it follows down 2 1/2 miles to the junction with a larger branch, which is bridged. At nine tenths of a mile another fork enters. Grass very fine here. Road follows down this across the main branch, and the camp is 2 miles below. Good camp. 18 1/2. Decassure Creek, or Raft River - Road continues down the creek 2 3/10 miles, and crosses, then ascends by a steep hill to an elevated sage plain, leaving the creek at 11 4/5 miles, and passes a slough with water. Good camp. 17 9/10. Spring Branch - The road crosses the creek near the last camp, and follows up a valley, crossing in five miles several spring branches. At 2 9/10 miles it crosses the creek again, and follows up the valley two miles farther, then crosses a high sage plain 8 9/10 miles long, when it strikes a spring 150 yards to the left of the road, where there is an excellent camp in a beautiful valley. 10. Junction of Salt Lake City Road - Road passes several small branches in 3 miles, then commences ascending through a canon which, in 2 1/5 miles, leads to the entrance to the "City of Rocks," and passes through these for three miles. It then crosses a ridge, leaving the City of Rocks, and at ten miles from last camp intersects the road from " Salt Lake City." At 1 2/5 miles beyond this a road leads off to the right to a spring branch, 3 miles, where there is a good camp near the foot of Goose Creek Mountain. From this point California travelers can refer to the itinerary of the route from Salt Lake City to Sacramento.