KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS
A CAMPAIGN IN NEW MEXICO

A

CAMPAIGN IN NEW MEXICO

WITH

COLONEL DONIPHAN

BY

FRANK S. EDWARDS

A VOLUNTEER

WITH A MAP OF THE ROUTE, AND A TABLE OF

THE

DISTANCES TRAVERSED

---------------------------------

PHILADELPHIA

CARE AND HART

1847

---------------------------------

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

Preface vi

CHAPTER I.

Texas and her boundary. Army of the West and the author's volunteering at St. Louis. A coup d'oeuil. The prairies. Indian woman and her child. A rainstorm. The son of the murdered Chavis. Swarm of annoying insects. Buffaloes and buffalo meat. Fish in the prairies. A volunteer buried. Sand hills and their appearance owing to sunlight. Gusts of hot wind. Wolves. A volunteer in a fit likely to have been shot. Indian fear of cannon. Dead Indian chief in a tree. The dried body of an Indian walking. Prairie-dog towns and rattlesnakes, - - - 17

CHAPTER II.

Rendezvous of the army near Bent's Fort. Soldiers put on short allowance. Slapjacks. Number of troops. A suspicious Mexican shown the camp and dismissed. Hunters. Antonio, his lasso and silver- mounted saddle. The Rocky Mountains. A thunder storm. First Mexican settlement. Expected fight. Son of General Salazar taken. San Miguel del Vada. Pecos, an Aztec town, and its traditions and immense bones. A Catholic mule. Santa Fe, its palace and its calaboose. Shops for the traders. Kendall's gun, Burying Mexican children. Inhabitants described. Jars. Tortillas and Atole. Donkeys. Mules and their title deeds. Mustangs and a particular cream colored stallion. Mode of breaking the wild horse.----- 36

CHAPTER III.

Ugly old women. Cigaritos. Game of monte. Grazing ground. Reconnaissance of General Kearney down the Rio Grande and appointment of George Bent, Esquire, as Civil Governor. San Domingo and the Puebla Indians. Albuquerque. Armijo. The Priests. Valentia and its vineyards, and soldiers buying fruit of the Indians. Tomae and a religious celebration A fandango. Return, and bilious fever. Bringing in of Apache chiefs. Making sugar from cornstalks. Wheat harvest. Houses of Indians entered by a ladder. Priestly mummery on the disappearance of the ears of growing corn. Colonel Doniphan goes South. A theatre started by the soldiers. Men picked out to join Colonel Doniphan. Waking in the snow. Author buying corn of a priest. Buying sheep of another who was to catch and deliver them. Lightning rod. The Missourian and his "buckram" tents and big wagons. Join Colonel Doniphan. A slight sketch of him. The journey of death. Soap weed. The traders. A Scotchman taken, supposed to be a spy. Three unburied bodies. Sheep, and little flesh upon them, - - - - - - 58

CHAPTER IV.

Christmas day. The enemy and a surprise, and the Battle of Bracito. Women in the battle. Alarms. Enter the City of El Paso. The traders do business. Senor Ponce and supplies. Mexican wine and brandy, and the effect of the latter. The priest Ortiz The Scotch man proves to be a scoundrel. Scene of former treachery, and death of a treacherous governor. Apache Indians and their forays. James Kirker. Oxen and mule stolen. Lieutenant Hinton pursues and brings in a scalp and the stolen animals. Wheat mill made entirely of wood. Mexican cattle; and buying some of a prisoner. Baked pumpkins. Colonel Doniphan and a stolen pig. Bizarre appearance of the troops. Force increased. Presidio del San Elecario, and a church with its dressed-up images. A fat priest and his extortions in a case of marriage, - - - - - 82

CHAPTER V.

A start for Chihuahua. Mail with letters from Santa Fe. Bent's murder, and the true cause of it. Doniphan and the traders. Lake of ducks. A seasonable rain. A warm spring. Carrizal. Wind storm. Another warm spring. Expectation, and an alarm.. Grass catches fire and runs up the mountain. Rumor of Mexicans near. Another fire and danger. Enemy not far off. Major Owens takes charge of the wagons. A Mexican spy chased. Picket guard drives in advanced guard of the enemy. Army moves out in solid square. A reconnoitre. The enemy. Doniphan resolves on an attack. The battle of Sacramento; and its results, - - - - 102

CHAPTER VI.

Chihuahua. The bull ring. The Plaza. The Congress Hall. Cathedral. Funeral rites over Major Owens. Mexican naked pet dogs. Chapel of San Francisco. Monument to Hidalgo. Splashes of blood on the pavement. Negro story. Bread, cakes and butter. Architectural freak in building an aqueduct. Dexterity in spinning. Danger among gun powder. The mint. Mr. Potts and his threats. A council called. "Sarah and the children." Start for Parras. Orders to join General Taylor. Difference between rich and poor. Lizards, Rancho and dead bodies. Santa Cruz. The liquor called Mezcal. Guajaquilla. San Berrado. A disappearing spring. Fort Pelayo surprised. Mapimi, and the inhabitants' alarm, and Mexican force near. Lights on the mountains. Traders alarmed. Rancho of El Poso and fight with the Lipans. Medicine-man's skull. Parras, and a thief. Brutal attack on a soldier, and Mexican wounded, .....121

CHAPTER VII.

Orders to proceed south. San Juan. General Wool, and was there such a man? Battle field of Buena Vista. Mexican shells. The buried Mexicans. Falsehood of Santa Anna. General Wool and a review. Compliments; and plain speaking. Saltillo. The prettiest girl. Mexican women. A regular soldier's ignorance. Bishop's palace and Monterey. Walnut Springs. General Taylor. Doniphan's account to Taylor of the battle of Sacramento. Leave Walnut Springs. Horrible sight of the remains of the wagon-train surprised by Urrea. A Dead Mexican, and how killed. John Smith, a Texian ranger. Brutality of the rangers; and execution of a brave Mexican. Camargo and its canvas houses. A man shot; and revenge. Armadillos, and a story. Description of the soil and its productions. Steamboat seen once again. The Rio Grande and its windings. Burning of saddles, &e. Embarkation and home, ------ 144

APPENDIX.

No. I - Semi-Official Report of the Battle of Bracito, ---- 169
No. II.-Official Report of the Battle of Sacramento ---- 172
No. III.-Mexican Government Extra, showing the American Force ----- 178
No. IV.-Table of Distances traversed - - - - 180

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