|KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS|
The Fourteenth Kansas Legislature. Thomas A. Osborn, Governor, met January 13, adjourned March 10. President of the Senate, E. S. Stover; Speaker of the House, B. H. McEckron.
January 15, Albert H. Horton offers a resolution for the appointment of a committee to investigate the charges made by Daniel W. Wilder, State Auditor, against J. E. Hayes, State Treasurer. In accordance with the resolution, a committee of investigation was appointed. Their report made February 28, asked the impeachment of the Treasurer. The following managers of the impeachment were appointed March 3, by the House: A. H. Horton, C. B. Mason, F. William Potter, Thomas S. Jones, William P. Hackney, John Martin and T. P. Felon.
March 6, the majority of the committee exhibited articles of impeachment against Josiah E. Hayes, State Treasurer of Kansas. April 30, Treasurer Hayes resigned and John Francis, of Iola, Allen County was appointed State Treasurer. The Senate met as a Court of Impeachment, May 12. Treasurer Hayes having resigned, the House Committee of Impeachment declined to prosecute, and the Court of Impeachment adjourned May 13. The answer to the articles of impeachment was presented by Wilson Shannon, B. F. Simpson and A. Smith Devenney, attorneys for the Treasurer.* (*For full details of the case, see book entitled "Proceedings of the Court of Impeachment sitting for the trial of Josiah E. Hayes, Treasurer, together with the testimony taken in New York, and a detailed statement of Price Raid Scrip paid." Published July 20, 1874.)
The balloting for United States Senator, to serve the unexpired term of Caldwell, commenced January 27, and was continued on the 28th, 29th and 31st, no candidate receiving the required seventy votes necessary to a choice. On February 2, J. M. Harvey was elected on a joint vote of seventy-six votes as against fifty-eight votes thrown for all other candidates.
The most important acts passed were as follows: Apportioning the State into three Congressional Districts; providing for the appointment of State Centennial Managers; defining the boundaries of the counties of Edwards, Kiowa, Stafford and Pawnee; establishing a Fiscal Agency in New York; exempting Mennonites and Friends from military service; requiring the education of all healthy children; repealing the act exempting mortgages from taxation.
The summer of 1874 is memorable on account of the visitation of locusts in
such numbers as to nearly destroy the crops of the State and impoverish to
absolute destitution a large portion of the farming population in some
counties. The destitution was so wide-spread that Gov. Osborn, August 28,
called an extra session of the Legislature, to be holden (sic)
September 15, to considered the destitution of the citizens and to pass such
laws as should be required for the relief of the sufferers. *
The Legislature met in special session September 15, and adjourned September 22. It passed a law requiring every corporation created by or existing under the laws of the State to keep a general office within the State, and a few other general acts. In the matter for which the body was specially called to meet, an act was passed authorizing counties to issue bonds for relief purposes, and an act authorizing the issuance of State bonds for the relief of destitute people living on the frontier.
Conventions - An Independent Reform Convention met at Topeka, May 27, issued a call for a full State Convention, and adjourned to August 5. On that date the Convention re-assembled at Topeka. A lengthy platform was adopted, somewhat ambiguous in its phraseology, but reformatory in every plank. It condemned the "wasteful extravagance," "innumerable frauds," and "prodigality" perpetrated by the administration; asserted that the National debt should be "paid in strict accordance with the law under which it was contracted;" favored the reduction or abolition of the tariff "on the necessities of common life," and pledged the party to vote for no man not possessing the "Jeffersonian standard of fitness, honesty, capacity and fidelity to the Constitution."
The following nominations were made: For Governor, James C. Cusey; Lieutenant
Governor, E. Harrington; Secretary of State, Nelson Abbott; State Auditor, G.
P. Smith; State Treasurer, Charles F. Koester;* Attorney General J. R.
Hallowell; Superintendent of Public Instruction, H. B. Norton;** Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court, W. P. Douthitt; Member of Congress for the First
District, Marcus J. Parrott.
The Republican State Convention met at Topeka August 26. The following nominations for State officers were made: For Governor (on the second ballot), Thomas A. Osborn; Lieutenant Governor (on the third ballot), M. J. Salter; Secretary of State (on the third ballot), Thomas H. Cavanaugh; State Auditor (by acclamation), Daniel W. Wilder; State Treasurer, Samuel Lappin; Attorney General, A. M. F. Randolph; Superintendent of Public Instruction, John Fraser; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, D. M. Valentine.
The State Temperance Convention was held at Leavenworth September 10 and 11. At this convention was fairly inaugurated the movement for prohibitory legislation, which ultimately resulted in an amendment to the State constitution, prohibiting the sale or manufacture of intoxicating liquors in the State. The platform adopted was as follows:
The temperance men and women in the State of Kansas, believing that the time has come when they ought to present a State ticket, composed of honest, temperate and capable men, hereby unite in the following declaration of principles: We are in favor of -
The following nominations for State officers were made: For Governor, Dudley C. Haskell; Lieutenant Governor, P. B. Maxon; Secretary of State, W. H. Robinson; State Treasurer, William Fairchild; State Auditor, C. B. Lines; Attorney General, A. A. Foote; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Mrs. M. J. Sharon; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, D. M. Valentine.
Many of the nominees declined the nominations and other candidates were substituted. The Temperance ticket, as voted for, was as follows: Governor, W. K. Marshall; Lieutenant governor, L. Brown; Secretary of State, W. H. Robinson; State Treasurer, William Fairchild; State Auditor, David C. Beach; Attorney General, A. M. F. Randolph; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Mrs. M. J. Sharon; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, D. M. Valentine.
The annual State election occurred November 3. The Republican majority was reduced at this election to about 20,000, on a total vote of 86,000. For Governor, the vote was: Osborn, Republican, 48,594; Cusey, Independent, 35,301; Marshall, Temperance, 2,277. For Lieutenant governor, the vote was: Salter, Republican, 52,637; Harrington, Independent, 32,937; Brown, Temperance, 1,207.
Republican Congressmen were elected in the First and Third Districts, and an Independent in the Second District, by the following vote:
First District - William A. Phillips, Republican, 20, 087; Marcus J. Parrott, Independent, 11,223; Nehemiah Green, Temperance, 2,074 - Republican majority, 6,777.
Second District - John R. Goodin, Independent, 14, 965; S. A. Cobb, Republican, 14,240 - Independent majority, 725.
Third District - W. R. Brown, Republican, 14, 581; J. K. Hudson, Independent, 9,932 - Republican majority, 4,645.
The drought and locusts nearly destroyed the crops in Kansas, and much suffering and destitution resulted among the settlers who had recently come into the State. Legislation, looking to the alleviation of the sufferers, was had at the special session of the Legislature; large amounts of money, provisions and clothing were sent to Kansas from the Eastern States, and a widespread movement was inaugurated for relief. A State Relief Committee was appointed November 12, consisting of the following named gentlemen: E. S. Stover, F. S. McCabe, O. T. Welch, F. W. Giles, Henry King, William Sims, S. T. Kelsey, A. L. Vorhees, William C. Tenney, John Fraser, J. C. Cusey, C. H. Lebold, John Geisy, B. H. McEckron, J. H. Edwards, Rev. Mr. McCobas, John A. Martin, George W. Glick, M. J. Morse, G. A. Thompson, Preston B. Plumb, M. M. Murdock, J. H. Crichton, William Martindale, Horace Cooper, E. N. Morrell, M. E. Hudson, Charles W. Blair, Theodore C. Sears, D. J. Brewer, W. A. Johnson and Alfred Gray.
The committee was organized November 19, with the following officers: President, E. S. Stover; Secretary, Henry King; Treasurer, F. W. Giles; Executive Committee - E. S. Stover, Henry King, F. W. Giles, O. T. Welch, F. S. McCabe, M. M. Murdock, William C. Tenney, D. J. Brewer and Thomas Murphy. An address was issued by Rev. F. S. McCabe, John Fraser and M. M. Murdock, The address was issued November 20, and was as follows:
ROOMS OF KANSAS CENTRAL RELIEF COMMITTEE, TOPEKA, November 20, 1874.
During the period of its operation the committee received, disbursed and distributed $73,863.47 in money, 265 car-loads and 11,049 packages of clothing and supplies. The total value of the disbursements was estimated at $235,108.47.
The total expenditures of the State for the fiscal year ending November 30, was $482,212.34. Among the items of expenditure were: Normal School, Emporia, $12,595.56; Normal School, Leavenworth, $5,990.40; Blind Asylum, $8,880.36; Deaf and Dumb Asylum, $16,413.54; Insane Asylum, $41,527.40; State University, $29,244.81; Printing, $37,866.01; Penitentiary, $74,436.26; Agricultural College, $28,012.08; Court of Impeachment, $10,166.31.