William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


[TOC] [part 4] [part 2] [Cutler's History]


The Tenth Kansas Legislature, J. M. Harvey, Governor, met January 11; adjourned, March 3. President of the Senate, C. V. Eskridge, Speaker of the House, Jacob Stotler.

From statement of Auditor Thoman it appears that the State had expended on her State institutions as follows: State Penitentiary, from 1863 to 1869, inclusive, $442,502.72; Insane Asylum, form 1867 to 1869, inclusive, $67,423.50; Deaf and Dumb Asylum, form 1862 to 1869, inclusive, 44,457.49; Blind Asylum, form 1867 to 1869, inclusive, $31,814.91; total, $586,198.62.

The Legislature, by its acts, provided a room in the capitol building for the State Agricultural Society; authorized the city of Lawrence to issue bonds for $100,000, to aid in the erection of a building for the State University. The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States was ratified. Eighteen acts relating to or authorizing the issue or purchase of bonds were passed. A Normal School was established at Leavenworth. The office of State Librarian was established, and a Board of Directors of the State Library instituted.

Conventions. - The Republican State Convention was held at Topeka September 8 and 9. The following nominations were made: For Member of Congress, D. P. Lowe; Governor, James M. Harvey; Lieutenant Governor, P. P. Elder; Secretary of State, William H. Smallwood; Sate Auditor, A. Thoman; State Treasurer, J. E. Hayes; Attorney General, A. L. Williams; Superintendent of Public Instruction, H. D. McCarty; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, D. J. Brewer.

The Democratic State Convention met at Topeka September 15. The nominations were as follows: For Member of Congress, R. Cole Foster; Governor, Isaac Sharp; Lieutenant Governor, A. J. Allen; Secretary of State, C. C. Duncan; State Auditor, Hardin McMahon; State Treasurer, S. C. Gephart; Attorney General, A. W. Rucker; Superintendent of Public Instruction, Thomas S. Murray; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, R. M. Ruggles. The platform was again opposed to National Banks, and in favor of the issue of greenbacks in the place of the National Bank currency.

The Workingmen's State Convention was held at Lawrence September 22. The following nominations were made: For Congressman, Amos Sanford; Governor, W. R. Laughlin; Lieutenant Governor, T. Moore; Secretary of State, G. T. Pierce; State Auditor, W. C. Fowler; State Treasurer, T. S. Slaughter; Superintendent of Public Instruction, H. D. McCarty; Attorney General, George H. Hoyt; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, G. M. Harrison. October 8, the candidates withdrew from the canvass, Mr. Sanford supporting R. C. Foster, the Democratic nominee for Congressman.

The annual election occurred November 8. The vote for Governor was: Harvey, Republican, 40,666; Sharp, Democrat, 20,469; Laughlin, Workingmen's ticket, 108. The highest vote polled for the Workingmen's candidates was for T. Moore, for Lieutenant Governor, who received 1,052 votes. The vote for Member of Congress was: For D. P. Lowe, Republican, 40,368; for R. C. Foster, Democrat, 20,950.


The Eleventh Kansas Legislature, James M. Harvey, Governor, met January 11; adjourned March 3. President of the Senate, P. O. Elder; Speaker of the House, B. F. Simpson, S. S. Prouty was re-elected State Printer on a third ballot. January 25, a United States Senator was elected for the term beginning March 4, 1871. Alexander Caldwell of Leavenworth County was elected, the joint ballot being: Alexander Caldwell, 87; Samuel J. Crawford, 34; Wilson Shannon, 2. The State was newly apportioned into Senatorial and Representative Districts. The Twelfth Judicial District was created, and Andrew S. Wilson appointed Judge of the new district. An Insurance Department was established; $6,000 was appropriated for seed wheat; nineteen acts were passed, authorizing the issuance of municipal bonds; the election of a Board of Railroad Assessors was provided for, and the usual number of private bills passed.

The annual State election occurred in November, at which members of the House of Representatives, Railroad Assessors, and a State Senator from the Leavenworth District, were chosen. It was a quiet and unexcited election. The votes thrown in the State aggregated, 70,153.

The expenditures of the State for the fiscal year ending November 30, amounted to $329,293.42. Of this sum, $41,692.01 was paid for printing. Other items were: Penitentiary, $35,072; Insane Asylum, $53,931; State University, $16,915; Deaf and Dumb Asylum, $14,800; Blind Asylum, $76,633; Normal School, Emporia, $8,424.85; Normal School, Leavenworth, $6,377.80; Protestant and Catholic Asylums, Leavenworth, $5,000; seed wheat, $6,000.


The Twelfth Kansas Legislature. James M. Harvey, Governor, met January 9, adjourned, March 2. President of the Senate, P. P. Elder; Speaker of the House, S. A. Cobb.

January 17, the Lawrence Standard openly charged that United States Senator Caldwell had been elected through bribery at the session of 1871, and gave the names of nineteen members of the Legislature who had received or been offered bribes to influence their votes in his favor. A joint committee, consisting of three members of the Senate and five members of the House, was appointed January 24, to investigate charges of bribery and corruption connected with the Senatorial elections of 1867 and 1871. The members were: From the Senate, J. D. Snoddy, Chairman; E. S. Stover, and H. C. Whitney. From the House, William H. Clark, Chairman; G. W. Clark, J. J. Wood, J. Boynton, and D. H. Johnson.

* The committee reported unanimously, February 26, that from the testimony taken it found that at the Senatorial election of 1867 a large sum of money was used and attempted to be used in bribing and in attempting to bribe and influence the members of the Legislature to secure the election of S. C. Pomeroy, E. G. Ross and Thomas Carney.

* For full report and testimony, see Report of House Committee, House Journal 1867, pp. 957 to 971 inclusive; also Report of Joint Committee, Senate Journal 1872, pp. 561 to 569, and in the election of Caldwell in 1871. The report gives many specifications of the paying out of large sums of money; to whom, and by whom paid, and alludes to the fact that the most important witnesses (giving their names) had failed to appear before the committee when summoned, or were "fugitives who had sought refuge beyond the limits of the State." The impression left on the public mind by the report was, that money had been used in a shameless and corrupt manner to influence the elections. May 11, the United States Senate took cognizance of the case by adopting the following:

"Resolved, That the Committee on Privileges and Elections be authorized to investigate the election of Senator S. C. Pomeroy, by the Legislature of Kansas, in 1867, and the election of Senator Alexander Caldwell in 1871; that the committee have power to send for persons and papers; that the Chairman or acting Chairman of said committee or any subcommittee thereof have power to administer oaths; and that the Committee be authorized to sit in Washington or elsewhere, during the session of Congress and in vacation."

During the session of the Legislature, thirty-eight laws were passed authorizing or legalizing the issuance of municipal bonds; the State Board of Agriculture was created; $3,000 was appropriated for the relief of Western settlers and $2,500 for the Freedman's University of Quindaro; the boundaries of Kingman and Harvey Counties were defined; two new Judicial Districts were created - the Thirteenth and Fourteenth; the salaries of State officers and Judges of the Supreme Court and District courts were increased; and an act passed provided for the sale of Normal School lands. David Kelso, F. P. Baker and Henry Brandley were appointed Commissioners to provide for the settlement of losses from Indian depredations between 1860 and 1871. The Commissioners reported the full amount of claims audited $191,917.06; allowed, $119,807.66. The report and records of the commission were, by vote of the Legislature, sent to the Secretary of the Interior.

Conventions. - A State Republican Convention met at Lawrence, February 21, to choose delegates to the National Republican Convention to be held in Philadelphia for the nomination of President and Vice President of the United States. Delegates chosen were: Henry Buckingham, Benjamin F. Simpson, John A. Martin, William Baldwin, H. C. Cross, Charles A. Morris, George Noble, John C. Carpenter, Josiah Kellogg and John M. Haeberlein. Alternates chosen were: S. F. Ayres, E. S. Niccolls, J. V. Fairbanks, Frederic Close, A. A. Thomas, Percy Daniels, R. E. Stephenson, Thomas Newton, S. J. Smith and M. S. Thomas; 174 delegates attended the convention.

The following resolution, offered by a. A. Carnahan, was adopted:

Resolved, That we hereby denounce any man in public life who will dare to employ corrupt means in politics, and we, the Republicans of Kansas, will set our faces steadfastly against all such, and will endeavor to make the future of Kansas pure and good.

The Philadelphia Republican Convention met June 6, and nominated U. S. Grant for President, and Henry Wilson for Vice President.

On February 23, a caucus of Liberal Republicans opposed to the renomination of Gen. Grant was held at Topeka. On February 28, an address to the people was issued signed by M. J. Parrott, S. A. Riggs, N. A. Adams, Samuel N. Wood and E. G. Ross, all formerly acting with the Republicans, opposing the re-nomination of Gen. Grant, severely criticizing his administration, and calling for a convention of Liberal Republicans opposed to absolutism, imperialism, personalism, and favoring civil service and revenue reform.

A Liberal Republican Convention was held at Topeka, April 10. The leaders in the schismatic movement were, many of them Republicans who had been deservedly honored by the party in times past, and whose sincerity and purity of motive were beyond question. The meeting was called to order by Marcus J. Parrott. The officers of the convention were: President, Samuel J. Crawford; Vice Presidents, Byron Sherry, H. B. Horn, A. Thoman, C. Willemsen, H. E. Shepherd, W. H. Morris, T. S. Floyd, E. L. Buesche, F. R. Russell, J. E. Martin and J. F. Clark; Secretaries, M. Benas, W. S. Smith, Joseph G. Waters. The committee to select delegates to the Cincinnati National convention proposed over one hundred names, among whom were: Marcus J. Parrott, Samuel J. Crawford, A. Thoman, T. H. Walker, C. C. McDowell, S. J. Langdon, E. G. Ross, A. R. Bancroft, S. A. Riggs, F. W. Giles, S. N. Wood, C. B. Butler, Byron Sherry, G. T. Pierce, J. F. Cottrell, C. F. Hutchings, W. L. Parkinson, J. F. McDowell and J. G. Waters. A State Central Committee was appointed: A. Thoman, Chairman; S. M. Wood, Secretary; C. A. Birnie, J. Butler, J. Walruff, A. R. Bancroft, L. G. Palmer, Alfred Taylor, James Humphrey, J. E. Deitze, F. R. Russell, G. H. Hollenberg, J. E. Martin and R. H. Bishop.

The Cincinnati National Convention met May 3, and nominated Horace Greeley for President, and b. Gratz Brown, of Missouri, as Vice President of the United States.

The Democratic State Convention met at Topeka, June 11. Ex-Gov. Wilson Shannon presided. He advocated a coalition of all friends of reform, and all opponents of centralization and plunder. The third and fourth plant in the platform adopted read as follows:

3. Believing, as we do, that the chief executive of the nation, and the nominee of the Republican party for re-election, is utterly unfitted for the high position he holds; that his administration of the Government stands alone in the history of the nation for shameless ignorance, nepotism and gift-taking; for reckless disregard of law and forgetfulness of the honor of the Republic; for utter want of that dignity and statesmanship which should characterize the Executive Government of the first Republic of the earth; and that his continuance in power would degrade the nation and be dangerous to the liberties of the people; so believing, we are willing to join with all good citizens in the pending campaign, in the effort to drive him from place.

4. As this, in our judgment, can be most surely accomplished by accepting and supporting the platform and candidate of the Cincinnati Convention, the delegates this day accredited to the National Convention at Baltimore are hereby instructed that it is the desire of the Democracy that the National Council of the party shall not place a ticket in the field, but that it shall, in the interests of the country, and to the end that a shameless administration shall be driven from power, give its sanction to and its powerful voice in favor of the nominees and platforms of the Cincinnati Convention. An our delegates are directed to vote in accordance with these resolutions.

The delegates to the Baltimore Convention elected were: Wilson Shannon, Thomas P. Felon, E. M. Hailed, R. B. Morris, George B. Wood, W. R. Wagstaff, John Martin, Isaac Sharp, B. F. Devote and T. W. Watterson.

The National Democratic Convention met at Baltimore, July 10, adopted the Liberal Republican platform of the Cincinnati Convention, and accepted Greeley and Brown as the Presidential candidates.

A straight Democratic National Convention having been called to meet at Louisville, Ky., September 3, the straight Democrats of Kansas met in convention at Topeka, August 27. The delegates chosen to attend the Louisville Convention were: W. H. Peckham, J. H. Oliver, S. W. Brooks, J. M. Margrave and R. E. Laurensen; Alternates, Morris Holmes, George E. Williams, J. V. Holt, H. H. Stafford and J. T. Curran. The resolutions endorsed the call for a National Democratic Convention to be held at Louisville, Ky., on September 23, and instructed the delegates to "cast the vote of Kansas for that pure and incorruptible statesman, Charles O'Conor, for President of the United States."

The Louisville Convention nominated: For President, Charles O'Conor; for Vice President, John Q. Adams.

The Republican State Convention, for the nomination of State officers, was held at Topeka September 4. The nominations were as follows: For Governor (on the tenth ballot). Thomas A. Osborn; for Lieutenant Governor, E. S. Stover; for Secretary of State, William H. Smallwood; for State Auditor, D. W. Wilder; for State Treasurer, J. E. Hayes; Attorney General, A. L. Williams; Superintendent of Public Instruction, H. H. McCarty; Chief Justice, Samuel A. Kingman.

Under the apportionment based on the Federal census of 1870, Congress increased the number of Congressmen to 293, and gave Kansas three members, instead of one as before. Pending the division of the State into Congressional districts, three members were, in 1872, nominated and elected as Congressmen at Large.

The Republican State Congressional Convention was held at Lawrence September 4. The nominees for Congressmen at Large* were: David P. Lowe, William A. Phillips and Stephen A. Cobb. Presidential Electors were nominated as follows: Charles H. Langston, John Guthrie, William W. Smith, James S. Merritt and Louis Weil. (*The Congressional apportionment, under the Federal Census of 1870, increased the number of Congressman to 292, and gave Kansas three members. Pending the apportionment of the State into Congressional districts, the candidates were nominated "at Large."

The Liberal Republican and Democratic State Conventions met at Topeka September 11. Committees of Conference were appointed by the two assemblies, through whom a coalition was effected. Ex-Governor Charles Robinson presided over the deliberations of the Liberal Republican Convention; ex-Governor Wilson Shannon, over those of the Democratic Convention. The committees of conference appointed by the two bodies were: Liberal Republican - L. A. Potter, Joshua Wheeler, B. F. Kelley, P. H. Peters, J. W. Beck, J. Critchfield, Byron Sherry, A. Robinson, A. S. Deming, H. S. Campbell, Joel Moody, L. G. Palmer, S. J. Langdon, J. F. McDowell, J. M. Mahr, Thomas H. Butler, George P. Smith, M. E. Chaney, Robert Morrow, F. W. Giles, John Meigs, Silas Burrell, C. J. Peckham, S. J. Crawford, H. Craik, N. A. Adams, E. A. Eaton, J. H. Sneed and M. J. Ennessey. Democratic - B. S. Cash, T. J. Dolan, J. P. Taylor, A. Sims, A. M. Crockett, W. N. Allen, T. P. Fenlon, T. J. Lane, D. G. Campbell, T. H. Ellis, P. Chitwood, S. A. Williams, J. R. Gathright, J. D. O'Conner, J. J. Brown, G. W. McMillen, M. Neal, J. Deskins, N. Cree, J. Martin, J. Merryberry, A. M. Van Slyke, G. W. Houston, H. E. Norton, A. A. Jackson, I. Sharp, G. W. Murphy, T. T. Curtis and J. Foster.

Joint committees agreed upon a platform and a State ticket, which were reported to the two conventions and adopted. The platform accepted and endorsed the platforms of principles adopted by the National Conventions held at Cincinnati and Baltimore, and ratified the nomination of Horace Greeley for President, and B. Gratz Brown as Vice President of the United States.

In the matter of nominating State officers and Members of Congress, it was agreed that the Liberal Republicans should nominate the Governor, two Members of Congress, three Presidential Electors, the State Auditor, and the Superintendent of Public Instruction; the Democrats should nominate one Member of Congress, the Secretary of State, Judge of the Supreme Court, Lieutenant Governor and two Presidential Electors.

The coalition candidates jointly accepted and nominated were: For Governor, Thaddeus H. Walker; Lieutenant Governor, John Walruff; Secretary of State, J. F. Waskey; State Auditor, V. B. Osborne; State Treasurer, Charles H. Pratt; Attorney General, B. P. Waggener; Superintendent of Public Instruction, L. G. Sawyer; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, H. C. McComas; Presidential Electors, Pardee Butler, William H. Larimer, Fry W. Giles, N. A. English and A. W. Rucker; Members of Congress at Large, Samuel A. Riggs, W. R. Laughlin and Robert B. Mitchell; Justice of the Supreme Court, H. C. McComas.

The Greeley State Executive Committee was as follows: Isaac E. Eaton, Samuel A. Riggs, Wilson Shannon, Jr., Byron Sherry, M. S. Beach, John C. Shea and T. J. Anderson. Headquarters at Lawrence.

Straight Democratic Presidential Electors were appointed October 3. They were as follows: W. H. Peckham, S. W. Brooks, G. E. Williams, R. E. Laurensen and J. C. Cannon.

The Presidential election and the annual State election occurred November 5. The Presidential election resulted as follows: Republican Electors - Grant and Wilson - highest vote for John Guthrie, 67,048; Liberal Electors - Greeley and Brown - highest vote for Pardee Butler, 32,970; straight Democratic - O'Conner and Adams - highest vote thrown for W. H. Peckham and S. W. Brooks, 156.

The vote for Congressman at Large was: Highest Republican, for D. P. Lowe, 67,400; highest Liberal, for Samuel A. Riggs, 34,450.

For Governor, Thomas A. Osborn, Republican, received 66,715 votes; Thaddeus H. Walker, Liberal, 34,608 votes.

The aggregate vote of the State was upward of 101,000. The approximate Republican majority was 32,500.

The aggregate State expenditures for the fiscal year ending November 30, amounted to $544,192.83. Among the items were the following: Normal School, Emporia, $61,522.66; Normal School Leavenworth, $7,567.53; State University, $68,290; Penitentiary, $104,040.09; State House and grounds, $30,486.67; Insane Asylum, $22,713; Blind Asylum, $10,088.96; Deaf and Dumb Asylum, $14,200; Agricultural College, $15,032.28; Freedmen's University, $1,372; seed wheat, $2,476.25.

[TOC] [part 4] [part 2] [Cutler's History]