KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


ERA OF PEACE, PART 45

[TOC] [part 46] [part 44] [Cutler's History]

LIST OF POST OFFICES.

The following post offices were established, discontinued and names changed in Kansas from December 1, 1881, to November 25, 1882:

POST OFFICES ESTABLISHED.

In county of
Allen. - Hendricks, Wise.
Atchison. - Inver, May.
Barber. - Carictna.
Barton. - Bonewitz.
Bourbon. - Gilfillan, Marmaton, Porterville.
Brown. - Baker, Everest, Reserve, Willis.
Butler. - Durachen, Edgecomb, Leon, Nellans, Ovo.
Chautauqua. - Cascade, Hale, Mount Vernon.
Cherokee. - Cherry.
Clay. - Charity, Idana, Iwacura.
Cloud. - Graves, Multonvale, Yuma.
Coffey. - section.
Cowley. - Akron, Grand Summit.
Crawford. - Brazilton.
Comanche. - (unorganized) - Gransville.
Davis. - Conroton.
Dickinson. - New Basel.
Doniphan. - Darwin.
Douglas. - Alfred.
Edwards. - El Paso.
Elk. - Cave Springs, Fiat.
Ellis. - Mendota.
Ellsworth. - Cain, Carneiro, Masmer.
Franklin. - Ransomville.
Graham. - Elrick.
Greenwood. - Neal, Richeyville, Severy.
Gove. - (unorganized) - Hackberry.
Gray. - (unorganized) - Loyal.
Harper. - Danville.
Jefferson. - McLouth, Oregon.
Jewell. - Dentonia.
Johnson. - Meadow Brook, Waseca.
Kearney. - (unorganized.) - Deerfield.
Leavenworth. - Boling, Daisy.
Lincoln. - Nimrod.
Linn. - Grange.
Lyon. - Hortonburgh, Trail.
Lane. - (unorganized) - Juniata, Lucretia.
Mitchell. - Simpson.
Montgomery. - Bee, Ives.
Ness. - Buda, Leffel.
Norton. - Hedgewood, Reagle.
Osage. - Maxson, Swansea, Weaver.
Osborne. - Dudley, Handy.
Ottawa. - Wide Range.
Pawnee. - George.
Phillips. - Hillside, Powell, Wagnerville.
Pottawatomie. - Hanson.
Rawlins. - Enne.
Reno. - Ost, Turon.
Republic. Tiago.
Rice. - Alden, Mitchell.
Riley. - Leonardville, Magic.
Rooks. - Amboy, Earnest, Minety, Oyer.
Rush. - Howe, Oswell.
Shawnee. - Redpath.
Sheridan. - Museum, St. Paul.
Smith. - Hardilee, Reamsville.
Sumner. - Genda, Perth, Rex.
Thomas. - (unorganized) - Letitia.
Washington. - Cromwell.
Wilson. - Newark.
Woodson. - Piqua.
Wyandotte. - Armourville.

DISCONTINUED OFFICES:

Anderson. - Cherry Mound.
Barton. - Lott, Thomas.
Brown. - Claytonville, Emmet, Marak, Mount Roy.
Butler. - Edgecomb, Modena.
Chase. - Woodhull.
Cherokee. - Neutral City.
Clay. - Leopaa.
Cloud. - Cloud, Princeville, Saint Joseph.
Coffey. - Brancroft.
Cowley. - New Canton.
Davis. - Way.
Dickinson. - Haphazard, Mont Cenis.
Douglas. - Washinngton Creek.
Edwards. - Nettleton.
Elk. - Indian Creek, Oak Ridge.
Elllsworth. - Holyoke.
Ford. - Fort Doge.
Graham. - Cortez, Shinn.
Gove. (Unorganized) - Lulie.
Jackson. - Lawndale.
Jefferson. Boyle.
Jewell. - Aurora, Ezbon, Steuben.
Labette. - Sylvan Dale.
Lane. - (unorganized) - Rolling Prairie.
Mitchell. - Dalrymple, Labon.
Montgomery. - Parker.
Morris. - Leland.
Nemaha. - Albany, Dorcas.
Ness. - Bed Rock, Clarinda, Dryden, Nevada.
Norton. - Brett, Cheeseman, Long Branch, Modell, Neighborville.
Ottawa. - Ailanthus.
Phillips. - Mound.
Pottawatomie. - Oak Grove.
Rawlins. - boyer.
Republic. - Fenwick, Talmage, Trasey.
Rice. - New Cincinnati, Way Side.
Rooks. - Sugar Loaf.
Sedgwick. - Coronado, Ferris, Good River, Herald.
Sheridan. - Advance, Gallileo, Milligan, Musma.
St. John. - Fort Wallace, Groton.
Sumner. - Sumner.

CHANGE OF NAME OF OFFICES.
==============================================
COUNTY NAME    FORMER NAME      PRESENT NAME
==============================================
Bourbon......  Marmiton         Marmaton.
Brown........  Eyerton          Everest.
Brown........  Mission Center   Willis.
Butler.......  Little Walnut    Leon.
Butler.......  White Water      Ovo.
Clay.........  Chapmanville     Idana.
Cloud........  Brittsville      Simpson.*
Cloud........  Zahnsville       Miltonnvale.
Cowley.......  Little Dutch     Akron.
Dickinson....  New Basill       New Basel.   
Elk..........  Montrose         Cave Springs.
Ellis........  Halton           Mendota.
Ellsworth....  Alum Creek       Carneiro.
Ellsworth....  Green Valley     Cain.
Gove.........  Hackberry Mills  Hackberry.
Greenwood....  Gould            Severy.
Gray.........  Pansy            Loyal.
Harper.......  Coleville        Danville.
Leavenworth..  High Prairie     Boling.
Lane.........  California       Lucretia.
Ness.........  Newby            Buda.
Reno.........  Cottonwood Grove Turon.
Riley........  Alembic          Leonardsville.
Shawnee......  Plowboy          Red Path.
Smith........  Beaver           Reamsville.
----------------------------------------------
*Mitchell County.

In the number of its post offices, November 25, 1882, Kansas ranks as the tenth State, having 1,563. It has 74 offices whose Postmasters are appointed by the President; 1,489 of the fourth class; 252 money order offices, Atchison, Leavenworth and Topekaa have the letter-carrier system. Topeka has vie mail-carriers, each having a salary of $850; Atchison and Leavenworth have each four. Leavenworth has three at a salary of $600 per year; Atchison and Topeka, each two.

CENSUS OF KANSAS.

                     CENSUS OF KANSAS,
                     Taken by the National and State Autorities.
=================================================================
COUNTIES.         1860.      1865.      1870.     1875.     1880.
=================================================================
Allen.........    3,082      2,737      7,022     6,638    11,303
Anderson......    2,400      2,659      5,220     5,809     9,057
Atchison......    7,729      8,929     15,507    20,187    26,668
Bourbon.......    6,101      7,961     15,076    16,829    19,591
Breckenridge..    3,197
Brown.........    2,607      2,891      6,823     8,928    12,817
Butler........      437        294      3,035     9,852    18,661
Chase.........      808        870      1,975     3,116     5,375
Clay..........      163        238      2,942     6,672    12,237
Coffey........    2,842      3,383      6,201     7,235    12,750
Davis.........    1,163      1,189      5,526     4,611     6,683
Dickinson.....      378        442      3,043     6,841    15,495
Doniphan......    8,083      9,595     13,969    13,943    13,659
Dorn..........       88
Douglas.......    8,637     15,814     20,592    18,505    22,707
Franklin......    3,030      3,695     10,385    10,108    16,491
Godfrey.......       19
Greenwood.....      759      1,188      3,484     6,483    10,189
Hunter........      158
Jackson.......    1,936      2,962      6,053      6,681   10,488
Jefferson.....    4,459      5,853     12,526     11,563   15,386
Johnson.......    4,364      6,093     13,684     14,580   15,081
Leavenworth...   12,606     24,256     32,444     27,698   32,355
Linn..........    6,336      6,543     12,174     11,546   15,298
Lykins........    4,980
Madison.......      636
Marion........       74        162        768      5,907   12,453
Marshall......    2,280      2,349      6,901     10,822   16,136
McGee.........    1,501        596
Morris........      770      1,141      2,225      4,597    9,265
Nemaha........    2,436      2,638      7,339      7,104   12,462
Osage.........    1,113      1,169      7,648     10,268   19,642
Otoe..........      238
Pottawatomie..    1,529      2,119      7,848     10,344   16,350
Riley.........    1,224      1,813      5,105      7,065   10,430
Shawnee.......    3,513      3,458     13,121     15,417   29,093
Wabaunsee.....    1,023      1,081      3,362      4,649    8,756
Washington....      383                 4,081      8,621   14,910
Wilson........       27                 6,694      9,749   13,775
Woodson.......    1,488      1,307      3,827      4,476    6,535
Wyandotte.....    2,609      4,827     10,015     12,362   19,143
Lyon..........               2,248      8,014      9,542   17,326
Miami.........               6,151     11,725     12,667   17,802
Neosho........                 777     10,206     11,076   15,121
Ottawa........                 178      2,127      4,429   10,307
Saline........                 473      4,246      6,360   13,808
Barton........                              2      2,099   10,318
Cherokee......                          11,038    12,223   21,905
Cloud.........                           2,323     7,170   15,343
Cowley........                           1,175     8,963   21,538
Crawford......                           8,160     9,386   16,851
Ellis.........                           1,336       940    6,179
Ellsworth.....                           1,185     1,758    8,494
Ford..........                             427       813    3,122
Howard........                           2,794    13,632
Jewell........                             207     7,651   17,475
Labette.......                           9,973    14,571   22,735
Lincoln.......                             516     2,493    8,582
McPherson.....                             738     6,205   17,143
Mitchell......                             485     5,370   14,911
Montgomery....                           7,564    13,017   18,213
Ness..........                               2              3,722
Osborne.......                              33     3,467   12,517
Pawnee........                             179     1,006    5,396
Republic......                           1,281     8,018   14,913
Rice..........                               5     2,453    9,292
Russell.......                             156     1,052    7,351
Sedgwick......                           1,095     8,310   18,753
Smith.........                              66     3,876   13,883
Sumner........                              22     4,925   20,812
Trego.........                             166              2,535
Wallace.......                             538                686
Barbour.......                                       366    2,661
Edwards.......                                       234    2,409
Harvey........                                     5,046   11,451
Norton........                                       899    6,998
Phillips......                                     2,813   12,014
Reno..........                                     5,112   12,826
Rooks.........                                       567    8,112
Rush..........                                       451    5,490
Chautauqua....                                             11,072
Decatur.......                                              4,180
Elk...........                                             10,623
Graham........                                              4,258
Harper........                                              4,133
Hodgeman......                                              1,704
Kingman.......                                              3,713
Pratt.........                                              1,890
Rawlins.......                                              1,623
Sheridan......                                              1,567
Stafford......                                              4,755
Arapahoe*.....                                                  3
Buffalo*......                                                191
Cheyenne*.....                                                 37
Clark*........                                                163
Comanche*.....                                                372
Foote*........                                                411
Gove*.........                                              1,196
Grant*........                                                  9
Greeley*......                                                  3
Hamilton*.....                                                168
Kansas*.......                                                  9
Kearney*......                                                159
Lane*.........                                                601
Meade*........                                                296
Scott*........                                                 43
Sequoyah*.....                                                568
Seward*.......                                                  5
Sherman*......                                                 13
Stanton*......                                                  5
Stevens*......                                                 12
Thomas*.......                                                161
Wichita*......                                                 14

  Totals......  107,206    140,079     364,399  528,349   996,096
-----------------------------------------------------------------
*(unorganized)

                CENSUS OF KANSAS,
Taken by the National and State Autorities.
============================================
COUNTIES.         1882.            1880.
                  --------------------------
                           WHITE.   COLORED.
============================================
Allen.........   11,098    10,952        351
Anderson......   10,560     8,871        186
Atchison......   28,798    23,237      3,431
Bourbon.......   20,159    17,866      1,725
Breckenridge..
Brown.........   13,918    12,554        263
Butler........   18,661    18,527         59
Chase.........    5,375     5,962        119
Clay..........   12,237    12,200        120
Coffey........   12,750    11,004        434
Davis.........    6,683     6,653        341
Dickinson.....   15,495    15,170         81
Doniphan......   13,659    13,343        914
Dorn..........
Douglas.......   22,707    18,476      3,224
Franklin......   16,491    15,847        950
Godfrey.......
Greenwood.....   10,189    10,468         80
Hunter........
Jackson.......   10,488    10,520        198
Jefferson.....   15,386    14,772        791
Johnson.......   15,081    15,937        916
Leavenworth...   31,068    27,383      4,972
Linn..........   15,129    14,481        817
Lykins........
Madison.......
Marion........   12,093    12,356         97
Marshall......   17,318    15,905        231
McGee.........
Morris........    7,800     8,732        533
Nemaha........   15,073    12,387         75
Osage.........   20,727    18,905        737
Otoe..........
Pottawatomie..   15,650    15,894        456
Riley.........   10,430    10,106        324
Shawnee.......   34,137    23,655      5,438
Wabaunsee.....    8,145     8,074        682
Washington....   15,668    14,891         19
Wilson........   12,981    13,698         77
Woodson.......    6,749     6,467         68
Wyandotte.....   23,236    14,539      4,604
Lyon..........   17,660    16,298      1,028
Miami.........   15,971    16,901        901
Neosho........   15,137    14,735        386
Ottawa........    9,163    10,239         68
Saline........   12,056    13,528        280
Barton........   10,120    10,022        296
Cherokee......   23,232    20,031      1,874
Cloud.........   15,261    15,302         41
Cowley........   20,508    21,316        222
Crawford......   19,417    16,749        102
Ellis.........    4,666     6,111         68
Ellsworth.....    7,347     8,385        109
Ford..........    2,110     3,048         74
Howard........
Jewell........   15,069    17,457         18
Labette.......   25,347    20,517      2,218
Lincoln.......    7,186     8,517         65
McPherson.....   15,556    17,091         52
Mitchell......   11,478    14,870         41
Montgomery....   18,442    17,528        685
Ness..........    2,930     3,722
Osborne.......    9,571    12,456         61
Pawnee........    4,323     5,361         32
Republic......   14,057    14,898         15
Rice..........    8,546     9,235         57
Russell.......    5,950     7,317         34
Sedgwick......   19,166    18,549        294
Smith.........   10,870    13,868         15
Sumner........   17,531    20,698        114
Trego.........    2,689     2,510         25
Wallace.......                679          7
Barbour.......    2,233     2,652          9
Edwards.......    1,570     2,353         56
Harvey........   11,486    11,351        100
Norton........    5,113     6,966         32
Phillips......    8,446    11,897        117
Reno..........   11,439    12,747         79
Rooks.........    7,249     8,056         56
Rush..........    5,124     5,485          5
Chautauqua....   10,826    10,915         57
Decatur.......    3,223     4,179          1
Elk...........   10,071    10,602         21
Graham........    3,369     3,774        484
Harper........    4,569     4,114         19
Hodgeman......    1,141     1,575        129
Kingman.......    2,864     3,711          2
Pratt.........    1,524     7,852         38
Rawlins.......    1,410     1,623
Sheridan......      776     1,567
Stafford......    3,218     4,632        123
Arapahoe*.....                  3
Buffalo*......                191
Cheyenne*.....                 37
Clark*........                159          4
Comanche*.....                369          3
Foote*........                410          1
Gove*.........              1,186         10
Grant*........                  9
Greeley*......                  3
Hamilton*.....                168
Kansas*.......                  9
Kearney*......                159
Lane*.........                601
Meade*........                296
Scott*........                 43
Sequoyah*.....                568
Seward*.......                  5
Sherman*......                 13
Stanton*......                  5
Stevens*......                 12
Thomas*.......                161
Wichita*......                 14

  Totals......  962,949   952,155          43,941
-------------------------------------------------------
*(unorganized)

In the census returns for 1860, Breckenridge County, reported with a population of 3,197, became Lyon in 1862. Dorn became Neosho June 3, 1861. Godfrey became Seward June 3, 1861; later it became Howard, and the population of 1870 and 1875 is returned in its name; March 11, 1875, the county was divided in its center, east and west; the new county north became Elk, the one south was Chautauqua, and they both appear in the census returns of 1880 and 1882. Hunter became Cowley after the census of 1860 was taken. Lykins became Miami June 3, 1861. Madison was divided in 1862, the north part went into Lyon, changed from Breckenridge, the south part to Greenwood. McGee, in the Government census returns spelled McGhee, became Cherokee February 28, 1868. Otoe County was created by the territorial Legislature of 1860, on the 27th of February, and it embraced Townships 21, 22, 23 and the north two-thirds of 24, in Ranges 1, 2, 3 and 4, east of the Sixth Principal Meridian. The county was never organized, and its territory is in the present limits of Marion Butler and Harvey Counties. (The population of what was Arapahoe County, classed as Pike's Peake, was returned at 34,242, but it was placed 34,277, in the government census returns for Colorado Territory.) With the counties as at present constituted, in 1860, the census was taken in 40 counties; in 1870, in 65; in 1880, in 104. Rawlins County was organized May 25, 1881, and by the Act of the Legislature of 1881, Buffalo was blotted out, and the name of Foote was changed to Gray. That part of Buffalo that was in Townships 20 and 21, became the south part of Lane; that part of it that was in Townships 22 and 23, became the north part of the county of Gray. St. John County was created from the east part of Wallace, taking from its Ranges 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27 west. There were 105 counties in Kansas when the census was taken in 1880; there were 80 organized counties; in 1870 there were 54 organized counties; in 1860 there were 32.

[TOC] [part 46] [part 44] [Cutler's History]