KANSAS COLLECTION BOOKS

William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


ERA OF PEACE, PART 35

[TOC] [part 36] [part 34] [Cutler's History]

PUBLIC LANDS.

1883.

There are four classes of public lands now open for settlement in Kansas. These belong, first, to the General Government; second, those owned by institutions of learning; third, the common-school lands; and fourth, the lands belonging to railroad companies. The following statement has been prepared for the information of those desiring to investigate the question of where to select public lands:

GOVERNMENT LANDS.

The State is divided into nine land districts. The location of the land office in each, the names of the registers and receivers, and the approximate number of acres yet undisposed of in each county are as follows:

ARKANSAS VALLEY LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Larned, Pawnee County. C. A. Morris, Register; Henry Booth, Receiver.

=====================================
COUNTIES.      Public.         Osage.
=====================================
Rice......       8,320            ...
Barton....       9,540            ...
Pawnee....       4,160            ...
Stafford..      48,160            ...
Pratt.....       7,040        328,840
Edwards...      23,840        250,880
Hodgeman..      84,320            ...
Ford......      31,360        322,560
Gray......     278,520            ...
Sequoyah..     240,680            ...
Meade.....     428,800            ...
Clarke....      37,360        232,800
Kearney...     220,000            ...
Arapahoe..     306,000            ...
Seward....     391,680            ...
Grant.....     302,560            ...
Stevens...     391,680            ...
Stanton...     345,440            ...
Hamilton..     286,560            ...
Kansas....     478,720            ...
Barber....       ...          499,880
Comanche..       ...          635,520
             ---------     ----------
   Total..    3,934,82      2,556,480
-------------------------------------

NORTHERN LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Oberline, Decatur County. Thomas H. Cavanaugh, Register; C. E. Chandler, Receiver.

This district has been created recently. It was taken from the northwestern district, and is composed of the counties of Decatur, Rawlins, Cheyenne, Graham, Thomas and Sherman.

The district comprises 3,878,400 acres of land, and with the exception of the small proportion (about one-tenth) already taken by settlers, and that set aside for school purposes, it is all subject to settlement.

TOPEKA LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Topeka, Shawnee County. J. J. Fisher, Register; G. W. Watson, Receiver.

All Government lands worthy of mention have long since been selected in this district. A few isolated tracts may remain, but they are undesirable.

NORTHWESTERN LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Kirwin, Phillips County. Thomas M. Helm, Register; R. R. Hays, Receiver.

These lands are subject to entry under the pre-emption, timber culture, or homestead laws.

COUNTIES.              ACRES.
-----------------------------
Jewell*....               160
Mitchell*..             1,900
Lincoln*...                80
Smith......               820
Osborne....            18,000
Phillips...             6,000
Rooks*.....            12,020
Graham*....            24,040
Norton.....            13,160
-----------------------------
*Portions of these counties extend
into other land districts.

OSAGE LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Independence, Montgomery County. M. J. Salter, Register; H. M. Waters, Receiver.

COUNTIES.              ACRES.
-----------------------------
Chautauqua..          100,000
Elk.........           84,000
Montgomery..           14,000
Wilson......           23,000
Greenwood...           60,000

REPUBLICAN LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Concordia, Cloud County. B. H. McEckron, Register; E. J. Jenkins, Receiver.

The lands of this district have been nearly all taken up. There are but about 3,000 acres undisposed of in the district, divided into the following counties: Riley, 1,000, Lincoln, 1,200, the balance being in small amounts in the other counties of the district.

SALINA LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Salina, Saline County. J. M. Hodge, Register; Lewis Hanback, Receiver.

Public lands in the Salina Land District subject to entry under the pre-emption, timber culture or homestead laws:

COUNTIES.                ACRES.
-------------------------------
Ottawa......                200
Saline......                600
McPherson...                500
Ellsworth...              2,500
Lincoln.....              3,000
Russell.....              9,000
Dickinson...                200
Marion......                150
Davis.......              2,000

WESTERN LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Wakeeney, Trego County. B. J. F. Hanna, Register; W. H. Pilkenton, Receiver.

COUNTIES.                   ACRES.
----------------------------------
Rooks......                 11,000
Ellis......                 33,900
Rush.......                  2,080
Graham.....                  2,880
Trego......                 45,600
Ness.......                128,000
Sheridan...                 14,500
Gove.......                269,300
Lane.......                310,880
Thomas.....                  5,680
St. John...                341,760
Scott......                427,000
Sherman....                 84,000
Wallace....                245,000
Wichita....                435,000
Greeley....                330,000
                         ---------
   Total...              2,732,580

WICHITA LAND DISTRICT.

Office at Wichita, Sedgwick County. R. L. Walker, Register, James L. Dyer, Receiver.

Public Lands - These lands are subject to entry either under the pre-emption, timber culture or homestead laws.

===========================================================
                                No. of acres   No. of acres
                                Entered upon   of vacant
COUNTIES.                       which Final    lands.
                                entries have
                                not been made.*
===========================================================
Butler........................        1,830          14,420
Chase (Townships 21 and 22)...        2,960           3,000
Greenwood (Range 8 east)......        1,520           1,900
Harvey........................          ...          14,660
Marion (Townships 21 & 22)....           80           7,360
Reno..........................       34,810         133,240
Sedgwick......................          ...           2,560
                                     -------      ---------
 Total area...................       41,200         181,940
-----------------------------------------------------------
*A very small portion of these entries have been abandoned, and are, therefore, in reality, vacant.

. - These lands are sold at private sale for cash only:

COUNTIES.                    No. of acres
                          of land unsold.
-----------------------------------------
Barber (Range 10 west).....            80
Chautauqua (Range 8 east)..         2,600
Cowley.....................        11,000
Harper.....................           300
Summer.....................           200
                                   ------
 Total area................        14,180

Osage Indian Trust Lands - these lands are subject to entry under the pre-emption laws only.

=======================================================
                                No. of acres  No. of
                                filed for     acres of
COUNTIES.                       upon which    vacant
                                no final en-  lands.
                                tries have
                                been made.
=======================================================
Barber (Range 10 west)......       7,200         77,420
Butler......................      19,830         73,440
Chautauqua (Range 8 east)...       1,440          1,280
Cowley......................      22,400         89,280
Elk (Range 8 east)..........       2,480         21,440
Greenwood (Range 8 east)....       1,320         13,960
Harper......................      60,400         85,400
Kingman.....................      71,800        242,960
Reno........................       4,460         10,960
Sedgwick....................       1,120            480
Summer......................       1,760            960
                                 -------        -------
   Total area...............     194,210        617,580
                                 -------        -------
 Grand Totals...............     235,410        813,700
--------------------------------------------------------
*A small per cent of these entries have been abandoned, and are, therefore, in reality vacant.

The business of this office indicates a large immigration to this part of the State. Since the 1st of January, 1882, over 1,600 entries have been made, covering about 240,000 acres. A greater portion of these entries have been made in Harper and Kingman Counties, there being a large about of vacant lands in these counties.

SCHOOL LANDS.

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE LANDS.

The College lands are in counties as follows:

=================================================
COUNTIES.                 Maxi-    Mini-    Aver-
                Acres.     mum.    mum.     age.
=================================================
Riley........   4,477     $8 40    $6 60    $7 46
Washington...   4,434      9 00     6 60     7 78
Clay.........      80      7 80     7 80     7 80
Dickinson....   3,498     12 00     7 20     8 75
               ----------------------------------
    Total....  12,489       ...      ...      ...
-------------------------------------------------

The total number of acres unsold is 12,489, counting the quarters each 160 acres.

Terms. - The law provides that these lands shall be sold at not less than the appraised value, for one-eighth cash at time of purchase, balance in seven equal annual installments, with annual interest at 10 per cent. Patent from the State may be obtained at any time, on payment of the full amount due, so that purchasers can stop their interest and obtain perfect title when so disposed.

More than 6,000 acres of these lands have been sold since last report, and sales are being made very rapidly. An advance in price of 20 per cent was made in July, 1882, but sales continue to be made at the advanced price and from present appearances all will soon be sold. L. R. Elliott, State Agent, Manhattan, Riley County.

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL LANDS.

The following is a statement of unsold Normal School lands in the State of Kansas:

COUNTIES.          ACRES.
-------------------------
Cloud......        3,200
Republic...        2,240
Mitchell...        3,280
Jewell.....        1,280
Lincoln....        1,120
Saline.....        1,440
                  ------
   Total...       12,560

Minimum price per acre, $3; maximum, $7; average, $4.25.

These lands were withdrawn from market one year, but are now offered for sale. Van R. Holmes, State Agent, Emporia, Lyon County.

COMMON SCHOOL LANDS.

These lands were granted to the State by the General Government for educational purposes, and consist of the sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections in each township in the State and about 300,000 acres recently granted to the State by the General Government as indemnity for lands lost in the Indian reservations. The method of sale is as follows: The lands are appraised by three householders of the county, who are appointed by the county Superintendent of Public Instruction. They are then placed in the hands of the County Treasurer for sale at the appraised price, which cannot be less than $3 per acre. At the time of sale the County Treasurer exacts one-tenth of the amount of the purchase price; the remainder is payable in twenty years from date of sale, with interest at the rate of 7 per cent per annum. A failure to pay the interest when due subjects the land to forfeiture; but the purchaser may stop interest and procure a patent at any time by paying the interest and the balance of the principal due. The lands become taxable as soon as purchased. About 400,000 acres of these lands have been patented, at an average price of $4.09 per acre, leaving more than 2,000,000 acres yet unsold. Lands can be purchased and information obtained of the County Treasurers and County Clerks of the several counties.

RAILROAD LANDS.

MISSOURI, KANSAS & TEXAS RAILWAY.

The following are the lands for sale in the State of Kansas by the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway, situated in the counties given:

===============================================================
                                      Price of Land
COUNTIES.       Number        =================================
               of Acres.      Minimum    Maximum       Average.
===============================================================
Allen.......     1,284.05       $3 86      $ 4 83         $4 27
Anderson....     2,404.48        3 77        3 72          4 19
Butler......     1,485.82        2 21        2 76          2 46
Clay........       640.00        3 50        4 38          4 11
Cloud.......       638.04        3 00        3 75          3 00
Chase.......    10,506.62        2 35        2 94          2 61
Coffey......     6,838.80        2 54        3 18          2 71
Davis.......    10,925.63        2 38        2 98          2 68
Dickinson...     1,680.00        2 64        3 30          2 87
Greenwood...    19,832.43        2 53        3 17          2 65
Lyon........     7,829.86        2 68        3 35          2 88
Morris......    15,801.16        2 30        2 57          2 59
Marion......       320.00        2 50        3 13          2 73
Riley.......     1,434.48        1 35        1 69          1 43
Wabaunsee...    10,392.02        1 87        2 34          2 12
Woodson.....    22,190.19        2 63        3 28          2 97
---------------------------------------------------------------

The terms on which these lads can be obtained will be made known to any one desiring them by addressing the Land Commissioner at Parsons. Headquarters at Parsons, Kansas. David Kelso, Land Commissioner.

ATCHISON, TOPEKA & SANTA FE RAILROAD.

Terms of Sale - The lands of the company are sold under four different terms. Terms No. 1: Eleven year's time, 7 per cent interest, appraised price. Terms No. 2: Six years' time, 7 per cent interest, 20 per cent discount from appraised price. Terms No. 3: Two years' time, 10 per cent interest, 30 per cent discount. Terms No. 4: Cash, 33 1/3 per cent discount. Prices quoted below are for cash:

=====================================================
                Total         Acres Sold  Acres Un-
COUNTIES.       Acres.        to Oct. 1,  sold Oct 1,
                                1882         1882.
=====================================================
Osage.......        894.34        894.34       ...
Lyon........        426.86        175.75       251.11
Wabaunsee...     13,126.94     12,086.86     1,040.08
Morris......     32,947.81     15,282.23    17,665.58
Butler......     58,039.45     38,764.42    19,275.03
Greenwood...        640.00        ...          640.00
Chase.......    133,843.16     38,659.24    95,183.92
Marion......    210,862.20    178.674.44    32,187.76
McPherson...    103,019.25     98,633.03     4,386.22
Harvey......    209,970.89    174,001.86    35,969.03
Sedgwick....    104,701.02     88,883.00    15,818.02
Reno........    314,732.23    176,175.68   138,556.55
Rice........    169,459.35    116,075.64    53,383.71
Barton......    181,010.39    156,620.61    24,389.78
Stafford....    155,072.81     18,005.00   137,067.81
Pawnee......    220,121.02    110,726.45   109,394.57
Edwards.....    144,119.00     66,513.06    77,605.94
Rush........     62,117.95      8,739.79    53,378.16
Ford........    115,142.23     23,225.01    91,917.19
Hodgeman....    119,399.62      8,074.88   111,324.74
Gray........    163,904.12      1,079.65   162,824.47
Sequoyah....    169,028.89     13,361.23   153,667.66
Kearney.....    169,276.51      1,131.95   168,144.56
Hamilton....    182,366.11      1,264.82   181,101.29
                -------------------------------------
 Total...... $3,034,222.15  1,347,048.97  ,687,173.18
-----------------------------------------------------

====================================================
                     Maximum               Average
                     and Minimum           Price Per
COUNTIES.            Per Acre.             Acre.
====================================================
Osage.......         $2 66 to $4 00           $3 33
Lyon........          2 66     4 00            3 33
Wabaunsee...          2 33     3 66            3 00
Morris......          1 66     4 33            3 50
Butler......          3 33     6 00            5 00
Greenwood...          ....     2 66            2 66
Chase.......          1 66     6 00            3 50
Marion......          2 66     6 00            4 00
McPherson...          3 33     5 00            4 75
Harvey......          3 33     6 66            5 25
Sedgwick....          3 33     6 66            5 25
Reno........          2 66     5 33            3 50
Rice........          2 00     4 66            3 75
Barton......          1 33     3 33            3 75
Stafford....          2 00     4 66            2 50
Pawnee......          2 00     4 00            3 50
Edwards.....          2 00     4 00            3 25
Rush........          2 00     4 00            3 25
Ford........          2 66     5 33            3 25
Hodgeman....          2 66     5 33            3 25
Gray........            95     6 00            3 25
Sequoyah....            95    12 00            3 00
Kearney.....          1 33     5 67            3 00
Hamilton....          1 16     5 00            3 00
----------------------------------------------------
Headquarters, Topeka, Kansas.
A. S. Johnson, Land Commissioner.

KANSAS DIVISION UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD.

The following is a statement of number of acres of land for sale by the Kansas Division of the Union Pacific Railway Company, in the following counties in Kansas; also, maximum, minimum and average price per acre, based on eleven years' credit:

===================================================================
COUNTIES.            No. of                  PRICE PER ACRE.
                     Acres.         Minimum.   Maximum.    Average.
===================================================================
Pottawatomie..        11,802.94        $2 00      $7 50       $4 00
Wabaunsee.....        35,220.30         2 00       6 00        3 00
Riley.........        22,748.38         2 50       7 50        4 00
Davis.........        48,393.39         2 50       7 50        4 50
Morris........        17,946.72         2 50       7 50        4 50
Clay..........        11,075.72         2 00       8 00        4 50
Dickinson.....        13,083.56         2 00       7 50        4 50
Ottawa........        22,005.13         3 00       7 00        4 00
Saline........        40,106.30         2 00       8 00        5 00
McPherson.....        14,685.92         2 00       8 50        5 00
Thomas........       207,360.00         ....       ....        2 50
St. John......       345,000.00         ....       ....        2 50
Sherman)......
Wallace)......       420,000.00         ....       ....        2 50
Greeley)......
Lincoln.......        54,523.00         3 00       9 00        4 00
Ellsworth.....        99,709.75         3 00       8 00        4 25
Rice..........        32,102.06         3 50       7 50        6 00
Osborne.......        23,167.72         3 00       7 00        4 25
Russell.......       152,589.34         3 00       8 00        4 50
Barton........        41,951.72         3 00       6 50        5 50
Rooks.........        37,876.71         2 00       4 50        3 50
Ellis.........       182,686.76         2 00       7 00        3 50
Rush..........        69,161.42         2 05       6 00        3 50
Graham........       118,349.49         2 00       4 00        2 50
Trego.........       186,330.96         1 75       5 00        3 00
Ness..........         9,738.06         2 50       3 00        2 75
Sheridan......       173,326.03         1 50       3 00        2 50
Gove..........       320,000.00         2 00       4 00        3 00
-------------------------------------------------------------------

Terms of Sale on Eleven Years' Credit. - Under this plan one-tenth of the purchase money, with interest at seven per cent on the deferred payments of principal is paid at time of sale, and for the first, second and third years following no payment has to be made, except the interest annually at seven per cent, so that it is four years from the date of purchase until the second payment of principal is required.

Headquarters at Kansas City, Missouri. S. J. Gilmore, Land Commissioner.

[TOC] [part 36] [part 34] [Cutler's History]