William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas


[TOC] [part 31] [part 29] [Cutler's History]



By an act of the Territorial Legislature, approved February 10, 1859, the Kansas Medical Society was incorporated. Its incorporators were Amory Hunting, S. B. Prentiss, J. P. Root, A. Fuller, C. F. Kobb, J. W. Robinson, J. B. Wheeler, L. C. Tolles, S. C. Harrington, A. Danford, C. E. Miner, J. B. Woodward, W. Madison, J. H. Phelps, O. Brown, Charles Robinson, M. F. Holaday, H. J. Carniff, A. J. Richey, M. Bailey, J. M. Pelot, H. H. Beals, J. G. Blunt, T. Linsey, G. W. Beaumont, J. Leigh, A. Newman, M. Hartman and William Graham.

This act provided that said society should issue certificates of membership to all its members, under such regulations as its by-laws might prescribe, and grant licenses to all respectable physicians, non-graduates, who, on examination are found qualified for the practice of medicine and surgery, and that any three members of said society might organize county or auxiliary societies in any county in Kansas, and said auxiliary societies when so organized should have all the powers and privileges, in the corporate name which they might adopt, that are conferred by the act upon the Kansas Medical Society.

Actual Organization. - In accordance with Section 8 of the act, a part of the incorporators met at Lawrence February 10, 1859. Dr. Alonzo Fuller was called to the Chair, Dr. S. C. Harrington was appointed Secretary, pro tem. A committee was appointed to draft a constitution and by-laws, and one to prepare a Code of Ethics. Dr. S. B. Prentiss was elected President; Dr. J. B. Woodward, Recording secretary.

February 23, 1860, the society met at the call of the President. It adopted the Code of Ethics of the American Medical Association, and adopted rules for the government of the society, that the committee reported. Dr. Joseph P. Root was elected President; Dr. J. B. Woodward, Recording Secretary.

February 27, 1861, the third meeting was held at Lawrence. President Root and Secretary Woodward were continued in office, and but little business was transacted.

January 31, 1866, the next meeting was called by Dr. Root at Topeka. No quorum being present, the members adjourned to meet at Lawrence the first Tuesday of April, 1866. The President and Vice President being absent, Dr. Alonzo Fuller was elected President pro tem. The membership was increased by twenty-six. The session was pleasant and profitable to its members.

January 3,1867, the meeting of the society was held at Leavenworth, and twenty-five new members were elected. Reports were read from all the standing committees. Resolutions were adopted urging the formation of county and city societies as auxiliary to the State society. For the first time delegates were elected to the American Medical Association, and 200 copies of the transactions were ordered printed. Dr. N. Newman was elected President; Dr. D. W. Stormont, Secretary.

Annual meetings have been held regularly, with a constantly increasing attendance since 1867. In 1883, its membership is about 250. Auxiliary societies have been formed known as the "Northwestern Medical Society of Kansas;" the "Southern Kansas Medical Society;" the "Eastern Kansas Medical Society;" "The Kansas Valley Medical Society;" "The Third Judicial District Medical Society."

An act to regulate the practice of medicine in the State of Kansas took effect June 1, 1879. Under Section 2 of this act, providing for the appointment of a Board of Examiners, the Kansas Medical Society made choice of the following members as a State Board of Examiners: D. W. Stormont, M. D., President; C. H. Guibor, M. D.; G. W. Haldeman, M. D.; W. W. Cochrane, M. D.; R. Morris, M. D.; C. C. Furley, M. D.; S. F. Neely, M. D., Secretary.

The duties of the examiners under this law were not generally deemed to be of an agreeable nature, and the Supreme Court, in 24 Kansas, page 686, declared the act to be void. The Legislature of 1883 had before it bills to create a State Board of Health; to regulate the practice of medicine and surgery in the State of Kansas; to present (sic) incompetent or unauthorized persons from engaging in the practice of pharmacy; to regulate the sale of poisons; to prevent and punish the adulteration of drugs, medicines, medicinal preparations and chemicals, and to create a Board of Pharmacy for the regulation of the practice of pharmacy in the State of Kansas, but they failed of enactment.

Sessions of the Society. - These are usually held in the month of May, at the place the society selects. The constitution prescribes the qualification for membership to be regular graduates in medicine, of good moral character, etc.

Presidents of the Society, - the following is a list of the Presidents: 1858, Alonzo Fuller, M. D.; 1860, S. B. Prentiss, M. D.; 1861, Joseph P. Root, M. D.; 1866, Alonzo Fuller, M. D. pro tem; 1867, Cornelius A. Logan, M. D.; 1868, A. Newman, M. D.; 1869, J. Parsons, M. D.; 1870, M. Bailey, M. D.; 1871, M. S. Thomas, M. D.; 1872, D. C. Jones, M. D.; 1873, W. W. Cochrane, M. D.; 1874, H. K. Kennedy, M. D.; 1875, J. S. Redfield, M. D.; 1876, Tiffin Sinks, M. D.; 1877, H. S. Roberts, M. D.; 1878, W. L. Schenck, M. D.; 1879, C. C. Furley, M. D.; 1880, B. E. Fryer, M. D., U. S. A.; 1881, J. H. Stewart, M. D.; 1882, G. W. Haldeman, M. D.

At the annual meeting held at Emporia May 9-10, 1882, President Haldeman in his inaugural address, presented the following:

Our profession had originated from necessity, and our duty was common advancement. Let the bond of professional brotherhood be strengthened, and the standard of legitimate medicine be exalted.

"Let this day's good resolves prove fruitful seeds,
Thro' life to blossom into goodly deeds;
With open hands and good advice still bless
The poor, afflicted, all who know distress;
And be unfailing springs that e'er o'erflow
In streams to carry life where'er they go."

The Kansas Medical Index, published monthly at Fort Scott, by F. F. Dickman, M. D., a journal devoted to medicine, surgery and allied sciences, the only journal devoted exclusively to medicine published west of St. Louis and east of the Rocky Mountains, is the official organ of the Medical Society.


On the 1st day of June, 1869, a number of eclectic physicians met at Lawrence and effected an organization, making choice of its officers as follows:

President, S. E. Martin, M. D., Topeka; Recording Secretary, N. Simmons, M. D., Lawrence; Corresponding Secretary, M. Summerfield, M. D., Lawrence; Treasurer, D. Surber, M. D., Perry.

The second and third annual meetings were held at Topeka. March 28, 1871, the association became an incorporated body; Daniel B. Crouse, Ansel M. Eidson, George H. Field, Samuel E. Martin, David Surber and Caleb D. Ward, were the incorporators; their charter having been filed in the office of the Secretary of State, their organization was thereby perfected.

The fourth annual meeting was held at Lawrence; all subsequent meetings have been held at Topeka.

Medical Examining Boards. - On the 27th day of February, 1879, the Legislature passed an act to regulate the practice of medicine in Kansas, which took effect and was in force from and after the 1st day of June, following. Accordingly, on the 14th day of April, 1879, a meeting was held at the office of Drs. Eidson & Mulvane, of Topeka, for the purpose of organizing the Kansas Eclectic Medical Examining Board. Dr. Mulvane was elected President of the Board, and Dr. Eidson, Secretary. Under the law the board have issued over 550 certificates.

On the 25th day of March, 1880, Attorney General Davis having expressed doubts as to the legality of the Board of the Kansas Medical Society (allopathic), a meeting was held at the office of Drs. Eidson & Mulvane, at which time a fee was appropriated to the law firm of Davis & Jetmore, for their legal opinion on the status of the Allopathic Board; and an additional fee paid them to test the question in the Supreme Court. At the January term of the Supreme Court of 1881, the decision was rendered by Chief Justice Horton, that the Kansas Medical Society, although not incorporated, was yet a legal body, but that the law of 1879 was unconstitutional, and therefore void. Upon this decision, the examining boards of each of the medical societies were summarily deposed.

The fourteenth annual meeting of the association was held in the senate Chamber, February 14 and 15, 1882, and the following officers were chosen:

Officers - N. Simmons, M. D., President; J. M. Welch, M. D., First Vice President; T. A. Wright, M. D., Second Vice President; J. A. Munk, M. D., Secretary; S. E. Martin, M. D., Treasurer.

Executive Committee. - N. Simmons, M. D., J. A. Munk, M. D., S. E. Martin, M. D.

Finance Committe. - J. F. Lewis, M. D., J. A. Willey, M. D., R. B. Mosher, M. D.

Board of Censors. - P. I. Mulvane, M. D., J. M. Welsh, M. D., E. L. Patee, M. D., William McMullen, M. D., R. C. Raymond, M. D., H. Owens, M. D., J. F. Lewis, M. D.

The fifteenth annual session of the association was held at Topeka, February 7-9, 1883, Dr. Noah Simmons, of Lawrence, President in the chair. The committee on Medical Legislation adopted a preamble and resolutions, the main ones of which are as follows:

WHEREAS, there is an effort made by partisans to legislate in the interest of the medical profession, and WHEREAS, The citizens of Kansas have not asked for such legislation; be it therefore Resolved, It is the expression of the Kansas Eclectic Medical Association (representing over five hundred educated physicians in the State) that it is willing to submit the merits of Eclecticism to the intelligence of our grand commonwealth. Resolved, In our judgment, class legislation in the interest of medicine will be timely when the masses demand it.

The association on liquor prohibition expressed itself in the following language:

WHEREAS, We, as members of the Kansas Eclectic Medical Association, having an interest in all that concerns the improvement of mankind physically and mentally, and believing the use of intoxicating liquors as beverages to be degrading to society, and the saloon system of trafficking therein, whether by license or otherwise, to be a foul blot upon civilization. Therefore

Resolved, By this association in convention assembled, that we have full confidence in the principle of prohibition as incorporated in the constitution of our State, and that we respectfully urge upon our Legislature now in session the importance of holding fast to the amendment as the first great step toward that nobler civilization worthy of a free and intelligent people;

Resolved, That it is the sense of this association that the partial failure of prohibition in our State is due to defects in the present prohibitory law, and to the persistent efforts of the enemies of temperance to make the provision odious to the people, and not to the impractical nature of the provision itself.

Resolved, That is the judgment of this association, that the present prohibitory law ought to be so modified as to permit the sale of intoxicating liquors for medical as well as for mechanical and scientific purposes, by authorized and qualified agents directly to the citizens, without the intervention of the physician's prescription, and for the law to hold such citizen responsible for the abuse of such privilege.

Dr. J. A. Munk, of Topeka, read one of the most interesting papers that was present on "Physiological Action of Intoxicants." He said:

In the adulteration of liquors no greater poison was ever used than alcohol itself. The way to prevent 100,000 deaths annually in England and the United States that were caused by drunkenness was to prohibit its sale except for "medical, scientific and mechanical purposes."

Medical College. - The committee on a Medical College reported that a joint-stock company had been formed, providing in its charter for $30,000 as its working capital.

The following-named persons were appointed trustees, and they were ordered to file its charter: Drs. J. A. Munk, R. B. Mosher, E. L. Patee, D. W. Scott, J. M. Welch, W. H. Willhait and T. A. Wright.

Fifteen delegates were selected to attend the National Association.

The association has a membership throughout the State of over 250.

Drs. J. A. Munk, S. T. Dodd, N. Simmons, C. Williamson and M. V. Yancey were appointed a committee to arrange for the immediate publication of a medical journal at Topeka.

The association meeting of 1874 was fixed at Topeka, to be held in February.

Officers for the Ensuing Year. - Choice was made of the following named persons: Dr. T. A. Wright, of Americus, President; Dr. J. M. Welch, of La Cygne, First Vice President; Dr. A. H. Vail, of Kansas City, Second Vice President; Dr. J. A. Munk, of Topeka, Secretary; Dr. S. E. Martin, of Topeka, Treasurer.

Board of Censors, Drs. J. M. Welch, N. Simmons, P. I. Mulvane, D. Surber, D. B. McKee, L. M. Foster and W. H. Willhait.

Finance Committee, Drs. C. Williamson, B. R. Mosher and H. Kirby.

Trustees, Drs. H. Owens, J. L. Ginnell, T. A. Read, S. M. Ralph, S. D. F. Gurney and J. F. Lewis.


This society was organized in Leavenworth April 14, 1869, and the following officers elected: President, Richard Huson, M. D., Lawrence; Vice President, James A. Rubicon, M. D., Atchison; Secretary and Treasurer, Martin Mayer, M. D., Leavenworth; Board of Censors, Lewis Grasmuck, B. L. Davis, W. B. Bolton, R. M. Huntington, J. J. Edic.

It was chartered in 1871, with James A. Rubicon, S. K. Huson, Richard Huson, H. F. Klemp and J. J. Edic as charter members.

The following is the list of Presidents of the society: Richard Huson, M. D., Lawrence, 1869-70; James A. Rubicon, M. D., Atchison, 1870-71; J. A. Rubicon, M. D. (deceased), S. K. Huson, M. D., Lawrence, 1871-72; S. K. Huson, M. D. Lawrence, 1872-73; G. H. T. Johnson, M. D., Atchison, 1873-74; L. Grasmuck, M. D., Fort Scott, 1874-75; James Lillie, M. D. (deceased), Kansas City, S. B. Anderson, M. D., Lawrence, 1875-76; J. Davis, M. D., Ottawa, 1876-78; H. W. Westover, M. D., St. Joseph, Mo., 1878-79; V. W. Sunderland, M. D., Fort Scott, 1879-80; J. J. Edic, M. D., Leavenworth, 1880-81; H. W. Roby, M. D., Topeka, 1881-82.

The present officers (1883) are: President, H. W. Gilley, M. D., Ottawa; Vice President, A. P. Forster, M. D., Fort Scott; Recording Secretary, C. H. Hallowell, M. D., Topeka; Corresponding Secretary, S. A. Newhall, M. D., Newton; Treasurer, G. H. T. Johnson, M. D., Atchison; Censors, Drs. P. Dictrich, H. T. Klemp, J. J. Edic.

The present membership is about eighty. Its meetings are well attended and interesting.

For a part of the time since its organization, joint meetings with the Missouri Valley physicians were held, and two of its annual meetings were held out of the State. But it now holds them only within State limits, and none but Kansas physicians are eligible to office in the society.

The Homoeopathic Medical Society is growing rapidly in numbers and in influence, and promises to be a power in that great future which Kansas so evidently has before her.


January 10, 1888, the association adopted the following constitution:

l. The name of the association shall be the Bar Association of the State of Kansas.

2. The object of the association shall be the elevation of the standard of professional learning and integrity, so as to inspire the greatest degree of respect for the efforts and influence of the bar in the administration of justice, and also to cultivate fraternal relations among its members.

3. The officers of the association shall be a President, Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer, and an Executive Council of five members.

4.The President shall preside at all meetings of the association. The Vice President shall preside in the absence of the President, and in the absence of both a President pro tem may be elected by the meeting. The Secretary shall keep a record of all the proceedings of the association and conduct the correspondence of the association.

5. The Treasurer shall keep and account for all funds of the association. The Executive Council shall manage the affairs of the association, subject to the constitution and by-laws.

6. A quorum for the transaction of business shall be twenty members.

7. No person shall be admitted to membership of this association who is not a member of the bar of the Supreme Court and who has not been engaged in the regular practice of the law for one year next preceding his application for admission.

8. All applications for membership shall be referred to the Executive Council, who shall report the same to the association, with their recommendation thereon, and no person shall be admitted to membership except by a two-thirds vote of the members present. Each member shall pay an admission fee of $5 and annual dues of $3.

9. The annual meeting of the association shall be held on the second Tuesday of January. Special meetings of the association may be called by the Executive Council, of which notice shall be given the members by the Secretary thirty days prior thereto.

Officers of the Association. - The following-named persons were chosen at the meeting at Topeka January 10; President, Chief Justice Albert H. Horton; Vice President, Judge, N. T. Stephens, of Lawrence; Secretary, W. H. Rossington, Esq., of Topeka; Treasurer, Associate Justice D. M. Valentine; Executive Council, Justice Valentine, James Humphrey, of Junction City, J. H. Gilpatrick, of Leavenworth, Frank Foster, of Marion Center, Judge David Martin, of Atchison.

The association adjourned to met at Leavenworth on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in June, the Executive Council having been instructed to prepare a programme (sic) for the next annual meeting and secure the services of some eminent jurist to deliver an address on some topic relating to jurisprudence to the association.

[TOC] [part 31] [part 29] [Cutler's History]