The many applications from
all parts of the continent, and from Europe, which we are
continually receiving relative to the character and
operations of this Company, render it imperative that we
furnish facts in a form which, we trust, will be easily
understood and appreciated. This still be regarded as a
reply to the general inquiries made on the subject
plan of settlement was originated by HENRY
S. CLUBB, of New York City, in
1855. It was first adopted by the Vegetarian Settlement
Company, which has made rapid and unexpected progress,
having already a sufficient number of members to commence
a CITY containing an area of
sixteen square miles, a site for which has been selected
on the banks of the Neosho River, Kansas Territory. The
capital of this Company in February, 1856, amounted to
over $33,000, and the private capital of members to over
Settlement Company is the second to adopt the Octagon
plan, and although it commenced subscription to stock
only in February, 1856, by the end of that month it
numbered sufficient members to start one Octagon village
of four miles square of area, and its shareholders are
daily increasing, so that it is probable that before the
end of the winter sufficient members will be secured to
form a city of equal size to that of the Vegetarian
selected for the Vegetarian City, is on the Neosho River,
between latitude 38°, and the boundary line of the Osage
Indian, lands, and between 18° and 19° longitude west
from Washington. It is on the opposite side of the river
to the settlement of the Octagon Settlement Company. The
river at this part is very rapid, and for ten months in
the year the water is sufficiently abundant to make it
serviceable for mill-power. It is free from any bad
taste, and is very soft. There is a sufficient amount of
timber to serve the purposes of settlers until additional
timber can be grown. Coal, Limestone, and Sandstone,
suitable for grindstones, &c., and abundant springs
of pure water, are interspersed throughout a fine rolling
prairie, and the land comprises excellent vegetable
mould, loam, &c., to a great depth, with a gravelly,
and in some instances, rocky substratum. The limestone is
well adapted for building, being at first easily cut, and
becoming very hard by exposure. It will be seen by
reference to the map of American Railway Guide,
that a Pacific Railroad is projected, which will cross
the Neosho River a little below the spot above indicated.
The scenery is very beautiful, and the surface
undulating, like the waves of the ocean subsiding after a
storm. The banks of the river are from fifteen to thirty
feet high, and there are several perennial streams
adapted for water-power, emptying themselves into the
river near this site.
In a work
entitled Kansas and Nebraska, by JOSEPH
H. MOFFETTE, late of Governor
Stevens Overland Expedition, we find the following
description of the Neosho River:
Neosho River rises in about latitude 38 deg. 30 min., and
flows about 150 miles through a highly productive,
beautiful, and well-timbered country. Its direction is
about southeast to the State line of Missouri, the
bluffs, as you approach which, become more elevated and
picturesque; it has a bold, rapid current, over a rocky
bottom, and upon its tributaries (which are numerous)
water-power to any extent may be obtained. The wild pea
grows spontaneously in its valley, and upon one of its
tributaries an immense deposit of lead has been
discovered. The mine is now being worked successfully;
the ore is shipped in flat-boats down the Neosho and
Arkansas rivers to Fort Smith."
account of this river, from recent explorations, will be
found interesting: 'Near the southeast corner of the
territory, the Neosho (clear or pure) River, descending
from the southwest, passes out of the territory on its
southern line. The Neosho is a bold, rapid, rocky stream,
water clear, unfit for navigation, but affording
admirable water-power. The bottom lands along its
tributaries are of the finest description, and covered
with excellent timber, and in much greater quantities
than in the Kansas Valley. The bottom lands on the lower
part of the Neosho yield enormous crops of corn, and
every production common to the latitude of 37°, and have
been known on rare occasions to produce two full crops of
corn within the year. [Vide Report of Union
Mission.] The uplands in this valley are generally of a
lighter character, and well adapted to the growth of the
smaller grains. Lead ore and stone coal are found upon
its tributaries, and the springs and streams are pure and
lasting. Council Grove is located upon the main branch of
this river, only a few miles from Kansas river. Emigrants
desiring to explore or settle in this valley, should
pursue the Santa Fe road to Council Grove, and there
ascend or descend the valley as they may choose. With the
surpassing, beauty of scenery, broad and fertile bottom
lands, beautiful timber perennial springs, mild and
pleasant climate of this valley, they cannot fail to be
pleased. As a stock-grazing country this is among the
most desirable parts of the territory."
In MAX GREENES
Kanzas Region, the following description appears:
Throughout the Osage country there are scenes of romantic
loveliness; and some even bordering on the picturesque.
In tranquil summer-time, it has the plain yet dreamy
beauty of the Flemish landscape. Over all, a Sabbath
serenity is diffused; and grassy knoll and leafy wood are
embathed in a soft and subdued lustre, which is
indescribably soothing, and inspires holiest impulses.
Remembrances come to me now, of one full August of
soul-felt enjoyment, because it was a life so novel and
so free, every evening of which my blanket was spread
upon one or the other of its tufted hill-tops. Then,
goldenly, the sun would go down, and crimson bannerets of
clouds would follow in his royal wake. The tall grass
would wave beneath the zephyr stealing up like a pet bird
of stillest wing, from the twilight reaches of the dell
Such are the
descriptions given of the country in which this City is
situated, by men who could have no interest in a Company
which has been originated since these extracts were
written. The location of an enterprising company in such
a locality, cannot fail to produce a successful
settlement. A Hydropathic Establishment, an Agricultural
College, a Scientific Institute, a Museum of Curiosities
and Mechanic Arts, and Common Schools, will be among the
first Institutions of the new settlement. The manufacture
of lumber, agricultural implements and machinery,
portable houses for new settlers, the preparation of
provisions for market, woollen goods, &c., will be
among the first manufacturing operations; while the
development of the natural resources of the country, its
mineral wealth, and its vast agricultural riches, will
constitute the main occupation of the settlers. No one
who examines the description of the country above given,
and then the list of persons with their trades and
occupations can fail to see that the prospects of forming
a city of considerable wealth and importance are very
good, and consequently, as every shareholder participates
in the profits produced by the rise in the value of
property, every shareholder may reasonably anticipate a
handsome return for capital and labor invested.
OCTAGON PLAN OF SETTLEMENT,
Represents the disposition of four square
miles of land.
16 farms, 102 acres each, -
16 equal triangular divisions of central octagon, to be
held in common,
13 acres to each,
4 corners, to be held in common, 146 acres each, or 36 ¼
acres to each farm,
8 roads, 85 chains long, 10 square chains to the acre,
160 acres, located by each one of the 16 persons,
In the farm
here contemplated, the advantages to new settlers would
be as follows:
Every settler would live in a village, and at the same
time be in the best possible situation on his
farm -- between pasture land in front, and arable land in
the rear of his dwelling,
Every settler would enjoy the mutual aid and protection
of the other settlers, affording the best opportunity for
co-operation in store, implements, teams, machinery and
Educational advantages could be secured to children, the
school-house in the centre, being within a quarter of a
mile of all the farm-houses. The situation of the
school-house is peculiarly healthy, with plenty of space
for play grounds, and pure air around the building.
intellectual advantages to settlers are worthy of
consideration, as by assembling together frequently in
the central building, for the discussion of agricultural,
physiological, mechanical, and other sciences, politics,
theology, and morals, the greatest amount of intelligence
will be kept active, and the dullness and monotony, often
incident to country life, avoided.
social habits of improvement occasioned by such
proximity, must be evident. In isolation, men become
indifferent to the refinements of civilized society, and
sometimes sink into barbarism; but living in proximity in
this way, will cause emulation to excel in the arts of
domestic and social life, and in the elevating influences
of mental and moral cultivation.
pecuniary advantages of this plan arise from the fact
that the formation of a village always increases the
value of the land all around. Now, these first sixteen
settlers, if they erected their houses in various points
of the territory, or even in various parts of these four
section of land, without any regard to plan, could only
raise the value to that of farm land, but by
settling in this form, the idea of a village or town is
immediately suggested. Land which can be obtained at
$1,25 per acre, as soon as settled on this plan, becomes
eligible for a town site, and those of the settlers who
choose, may dispose of portions of their land for
building purposes. Five dollars per acre could be
obtained from the very first commencement of such a
village, and it would be cheap at that price.
To show the
plan of dividing the farms, so as to give an idea of how
all the farms may ultimately become settled as for town
or city wards, one farm is divided into eight squares or
blocks, forming also eight streets, from one avenue to
the other. These squares, although varying in size, will
probably be of about an equal value, owing to their
proximity to the centre decreasing with their increase in
size. As shown by the farm plan, each of these squares is
divisible into twenty lots, which vary from 90 feet
square and 70 feet wide by 150 deep, to about an acre and
a half, the principle of increase in size as equivalent
to increase of distance from the centre being observed
plan contemplated by the company embraces an area of four
of these octagon villages, forming a city of sixteen
square miles, with a square in the centre of 584 acres,
to be appropriated to an agricultural college and
model-farm, to be cultivated by the students, who will
pay for their education by their labor. Large plans of
the city from actual surveys, will be published in the
ensuing season 1856, and can be had on application to the
agents, or officers of the company.
with this plan of settlement, a plan of co-operation has
been established, which secures the following advantages:
the payment of $1 as entrance fee, and 10 cents
instalment on each $5 share, not less than 20 nor more
than 240 shares, each member becomes entitled to as many
city lots as he takes shares in the company, and can take
possession of them as soon after the payment of such
instalment as he may think proper.
industrious man or woman, who has no more money than the
amount of the first payment and cost of reaching the
settlement, may pay all further assessments on shares by
their labor for the Company, at fair remunerative wages.
land will cost, to each settler, only the Government
price of $1 25 per acre, which will be paid to Government
by the Company, or City Corporation. All the money
subscribed above that amount, being $3 75 per share or
per acre, (if the full $5 per share should ever be
required,) would be used by the Company for provisions,
the construction of streets, public schools, mills,
stores, &c.; and whatever profits might arise from
the working of mills, or the sale of provisions, will be
equally divided between the shareholders, according to
the number of shares held by each; so that every
shareholder will enjoy equally the benefit of
Every shareholder, by the aid of co-operation, will be
enabled to commence operations on his farm on the best
plans, because the Company will secure the implements,
teams, etc., which persons without capital could not
obtain, especially in isolated positions. The advantages
of farming with proper facilities, and without them, make
all the difference between success and failure.
Every shareholder possesses, in his own right and title,
the land included in his or her lots corresponding to his
or her shares. All premiums paid for preference in
selection of lots will, according to Art. IX. of
Constitution, go into the common fund, and diminish the
assessments required for carrying on the operations of
the Company; so that persons who have no preference in
choice receive the benefit of the payments of those who
have the preference, by being relieved of payments in the
form of assessment.
Every member will be secure against the impositions of
speculators, as the provisions of the Company will be
sold at prices agreed upon by members, or subject to
Every member will reap the full reward of his or her own
industry, and will not be subjected to lose by the
indolence or indifference of other members the
co-operative principle being adopted so far as to promote,
and not to supersede, individual enterprise, and officers
being subject to the election of its members.
settlement will be free from the evils of intemperance,
flesh-eating, &c., as every member of the Company
agrees to abstain from intoxicating liquors and the flesh
of animals, during his or her residence in the
settlement. The Octagon Settlement Company adopts merely
the Temperance principle.
co-operation of members will be directed to aiding each
other in manufacturing, mining, and agricultural
10. The issue
of scrip, exchangeable, under certain regulations, for
lumber, provisions, dry goods, &c., with the Company,
will form a medium of exchange which will greatly
facilitate all the dealings of members with each other
and the Company.
We have thus
endeavored to demonstrate the several features of this
enterprise. We have shown, first, the advantages of the
location selected; secondly, the peculiar benefits of the
octagon plan of settlement; and, thirdly, the advantages
of the system of co-operation adopted by the Company. To
these may be added the political and patriotic motive,
which should be sufficient to induce every friend of
freedom and humanity to aid in this effort to establish
free and civilizing institutions in one of the fairest
and most fertile regions of the globe.
PROGRAMME OF ROUTES.
The first settlers proceed
From St. Louis to Batesville, Mo., (steamer)
" Batesville to Fort
" Fort Scott to the
The Steamer leaves St. Louis for this
route on 2d of April, 1856.
arriving in St. Louis too late for the steamer, will
inquire of Mr. SLATER, 19 Levee.
Those who wish
to join the next party, will apply to the agents of the
Every member to bring along as little baggage as
possible, especially if the distance by railroad be
great, as the cost of freight is greater in such cases
than the value of the articles. Freight from New York to
St. Louis, is from $1 75 to $3 00 per 100 lbs. St. Louis
is the place to make purchases.
member who is referred to another member to correspond
with such member previous to starting, stating the
precise time he or she will start, &c.
Persons living in the Eastern States, coming after the
Ohio river is open for navigation (which may be the
middle of March,) can correspond with WALTER
& CAMPBELL, Room 24, No. 229
Broadway, New York city, as to whether any cheaper fares
than those indicated [see ADAMS] have been
secured. Enclose stamps for reply when by letter. Persons
passing through New York City can call on Messrs. W.
& C., and they will afford them polite attention and
member to start as nearly as possible according to the
[The following are the names of those who
went to Kansas. Many others went whose names are not
ADAMS, James, Rahway, N. J., Blacksmith,
wife and one son. To leave New York City, Wednesday,
March 12th, at 6 p. m. When in St. Louis, inquire of Mr.
B. SLATER, 19 Levee, for the
ADAMS, Archibald, Rushford, N.
BAGNALL, Thomas, Mercer, Pa
Farmer, wife and three children. To come either by teams
and caravan to St. Louis, or via Ohio and Penn. R.R.,
from Pittsburgh. See ADAMS.
BARKER, Anna M., New York City, Widow.
BLACKBURN, D. F., Hampshire,
Tenn., Printer, wife and three children. By team
via Springfield, Missouri, to Fort Scott.
BROADBENT, .John, Bluff City
Mills, Memphis, Tenn., two sons, Woolen Manufacturer.
BUXTON, Josiah, Pontiac, Oakland
Co., Mich., Farmer. To start with SAMUEL STEWART'S
party, Lafayette. Via Michigan City. See STEWART,
CLUBB, Henry S., N. Y. City, Secretary,
Journalist, wife. To start Saturday, March 8th, via
Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Cincinnati, where he will
stay two days, then to St. Louis, where he will stay
probably ten days, Address at St. Louis, care of B. SLATER, 19 Levee. After April 2nd, Fort
Scott, K. T.
COLT, Wm. H., Hopkinton, N. Y. Farmer,
wife and two children. To St. Louis, by March 25.
COSGROVE. John, West Point, N.
Y., Gardener. See ADAMS.
DAVIS, David, Pittsburgh, Merchant.
See ADAMS for routes, and start via
HARDING. Wm. B., 122 W. 34th
Street, N. Y. City, wife, Builder. See ADAMS.
HERRIMAN, Angus A., Greenbush,
Wis., wife, Farmer. See SMITH, J. H.
HOBBS, Geo., Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Nurseryman,
wife and brother-in-law. To come via Indianapolis.
See ADAMS and CLUBB.
LAYARD, J. C., Mitchell's Map
Office, cor. 5th and Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Merchant.
McLAURIN, John, Treasurer, Water Cure
Physician. See CLUBB.
ROOT, George H. Boonton, N. Y., Farmer.
SOBER, Albert J., Salem,
Washtenaw Co., Mich., Farmer, 1 brother. See BUXTON
and SMITH, J. H.
SOMERVILLE, Wm. Lonsdale, R. I.,
Weaver, wife and daughter. Ohio River from
Pittsburgh. See ADAMS, Jas.
STEWART, Samuel, Lafayette,
Ind., Farmer. To form a party about March 1st,
and come by teams and wagons to St. Louis. See CLUBB.
STEWART, Watson, Lafayette,
Ind., Stonecutter, wife, mother-in-law, and two
children. To come via St. Louis. See CLUBB.
VOORHEES, Henry, Pontiac, Mich.,
W., Farmer. See BUXTON.
WHEELER, Lyman, Oxford, Butler
Co. Ohio, Farmer. See CLUBB and
YOUNG, Stephen, Poplar Ridge,
wife and child, Cabinetmaker. Via
Cincinnati. See CLUBB.